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An Analysis of the Critical Ideas and Practice of Chen Yinke's Studies of Allusion
|Keywords:||陳寅恪 ; 典故 ; 典故批評 ; 文學批評 ; 文學理論 |
Chen Yinke ; allusion ; allusive criticism ; literary criticism ; literary theory
|Issue Date:||2020-10-12 09:54:08 (UTC+8)|
Chen Yinke's research focused on scholarship both ancient and modern, as well as both Chinese and foreign. Throughout his tenure as a professor in the Tsinghua University Departments of Chinese and History starting in 1931, he was constantly concerned with the exegesis of literary works. During his late years, he even categorized his related research exclusively into the studies of classical and contemporary allusion, and developed a unique critical framework. His emphasis on allusion directly opposed the voices against the use of allusion that arose at the outset of the New Culture Movement. In advocating his ＂Eight-Don'ts-ism＂ against allusion, Hu Shi frequently quoted Chen Sanli's poems as negative examples. Qian Xuantong even placed allusion as the antithesis of vernacular Chinese and urged the complete repudiation of all allusions. Despite their diminishing use in vernacular Chinese, however, allusion still had its place in the field of literary theory. During the early 1930s, Qian Zhongshu, a gifted student in the Department of Foreign Languages of Tsinghua University, still emphasized the positive sides of allusion. Nevertheless, Chen Yinke's emphasis on allusion in his research was still considered a revolt against the general trend at the time. In consideration of this particular background, this paper investigates how Chen Yinke reestablished the value of allusion in the fields of literary creation and practical criticism through the interpretation of classical and contemporary allusion. It starts with integrating Chen Yinke's studies of allusion into the context of literary criticism, and reorganizes and reconstructs the formation process, conceptual significance and evaluation framework of his methods. Then the common theoretical assumptions underlying both classical and contemporary allusion are delineated from the perspective of literary and practical criticism, so as to deepen our understanding of the allusive criticism. In the last section, this paper provides an objective assessment of the shortcomings and limitations of Chen Yinke's research methods. It also evaluates the validity of Chen Yinke's arguments against the challenges and criticisms of allusion popularized by the May Fourth Movement.
|Relation:||政大中文學報, 31, 341-388|
|Appears in Collections:||[政大中文學報 THCI Core] 期刊論文|
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