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A Study on Missing Characters from Dictionary of Chinese Character Variants: Using Zi Hui as the Scope of Research
|Keywords:||《異體字字典》 ; 《字彙》 ; 正字 ; 異體 |
Dictionary of Chinese Character Variants ; Zi Hui ; orthographic characters ; variants
|Issue Date:||2020-10-12 09:55:03 (UTC+8)|
Dictionary of Chinese Character Variants (hereinafter referred to as Yi Dian) compiled by the Ministry of Education uses orthographic characters from List of Commonly Used Characters, List of Less Commonly Used Characters and List of Rarely Used Characters published by the Ministry of Education as guiding standards. The distinctive calligraphic styles of characters found in over 60 ancient and modern dictionaries and texts are collected in Yi Dian. Yi Dian contains over 100,000 characters, making it the most comprehensive database of Chinese characters today. However, there are still missing components, many orthographic characters not collected in the three aforementioned lists are also not included in Yi Dian, and should be added. The lexicon Zi Hui by Mei Yingzuo of the Ming Dynasty comprises over 33,000 characters. Unusual or rarely used characters collected in Si Sheng Pian Hai were excluded from Zi Hui under its relatively strict criteria for character inclusion. However, there are characters incorporated into Zi Hui but not in Yi Dian, these characters are the focus of this study. A preliminary investigation reveals 51 such characters, of which 16 characters have unique pronunciations and meanings, therefore should be included as orthographic characters. 10 characters from Buddhist texts and 17 characters with alternative or distinctive calligraphic styles should also be added. The remaining 8 questionable characters are pending validation. This study conducts an in-depth analysis to provide a reference for inclusion of additional characters in Yi Dian.
|Relation:||政大中文學報, 32, 315-358|
|Appears in Collections:||[政大中文學報 THCI Core] 期刊論文|
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