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A Study on Zhao Cai's Eclectic Interpretation of Cheng-Zhu's Understanding of the Yijing and Characteristics of Zhouyi Chengzhu Chuanyi Zhezhong
|Keywords:||趙采 ; 《周易程朱傳義折衷》 ; 元代 ; 程朱 ; 《易》學 |
Zhao Cai ; Zhouyi Chengzhu Chuanyi Zhezhong ; Yuan Dynasty ; Cheng-Zhu school ; Yijing studies
|Issue Date:||2020-10-12 09:55:35 (UTC+8)|
Zhao Cai, the Yijing commentator in the Yuan Dynasty, wrote the Zhouyi Chengzhu Chuanyi Zhezhong (《周易程朱傳義折衷》). Compared with Dong Zhenqing, who achieved mastery of Cheng Yi's and Zhu Xi's (＂Cheng-Zhu＂) commentaries on the Yijing through converging different styles, Zhao's path was through converging the content. Zhao chose the version of the Yijing which followed the style of appending the original annotations to interpret the Yijing as in Yichuan's Commentaries on the Yijing, (Yichuan Yizhuan, 程《傳》, Cheng Zhuan) as well as the extant version of Cheng Zhuan without the ＂Treatise on the Appended Remarks＂ (＂Xici Zhuan,＂ 〈繫辭傳〉) or other annotations. Zhao not only elucidated Cheng-Zhu's commentaries, but also valued part of Zhu Xi's commentaries ignored by the later generations. By doing so, he was able to point out that Zhu did not object to the ways by which commentators of the Han dynasty interpreted the images in Yijing using theories such as interlocked hexagrams or najia. Zhao illustrated how Zhu obtained images for the hexagram statements (guaci, 卦辭) and the line statements (yaoci, 爻辭). He also commented on the debates around Zhu's theory on the directionality of changing hexagrams, and proposed only one change for each instance of hexagram change. The distinctive characteristics of Zhao Cai's interpretation included pointing out the close relationship between number and image (xiangshu, 象數) and meaning pattern (yili, 義理), and exploring the relationship between the yang nine (yang jiu, 陽 九) and meaning pattern of nurturing Yang and Suppressing Yin (fuyang yiyin, 扶陽抑陰) and Yijing's tendency to support the Superior Man (wei junzi mou, 為君子謀). Zhao Cai affirmed Cheng-Zhu's interpretations of the Yijing study and developed and promoted the viewpoint that number and image and meaning pattern were equally important. He made contributions not only on advancing the understanding of Cheng-Zhu's theories on the Yijing, but also on the overall study of the Yijing. The importance of Zhao's contributions should be properly recognized.
|Relation:||政大中文學報, 33, 113-137|
|Appears in Collections:||[Bulletin of the Department of Chinese Literature National Chengchi University] Journal Articles|
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