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From ＂Waban＂ to ＂Touban＂ The Seediq Tribe in Musha during the Meiji Era (1895-1912)
|Keywords:||和蕃 ; 討蕃 ; 以蕃制蕃 ; 隘勇線 ; Waban(和蕃) |
Touban(討蕃) ; Using the ＂Savages＂ to Control the ＂Savages＂(以蕃制蕃) ; frontier-police guard(隘勇線)
|Issue Date:||2020-10-12 11:55:08 (UTC+8)|
The aboriginal tribes in Musha included the Seediq tribe, Atayal tribe, and Bunun tribe, all of which also had their own sub-tribes. In the length of history, each tribe and sub-tribe had their own territories. Each tribe also had its own allies, and they all had their own tribal rules. In it, the Atayal tribe and the Seediq tribe had firm beliefs in their ancestral spirit, also known as the＂gaga/ gaya/waya＂ teaching. This spirit kept their tribal lives going, and maintained their tribal peace. Each of these tribe had no records of ruling other tribes in history. After the Japanese governance of Taiwan, in order to safeguard their ruling power, and to extend their territory, they encouraged cross-cultural marriages between the Japanese and the aborigines, also known as ＂Waban＂. It was through this tactic that the Japanese gained trust amongst the aborigines, and eventually had control over them. In the end, the Japanese government had total control over their lives, even confiscated their weapons. The word 'Waban' is used here to mean the strategic ways the Japanese used to encourage cross-cultural marriages in order to gain their power. In the Meiji Era, there were a number of members from the Seediq tribe who were engaged in such marriages, including The Taiwan Government General's first civil administrator in Puli，Hiyama Tetsusaburō, ＂Aborigine goods＂ market (Interpreter), Kondō Katsusaburo, and policeman Kondō Gisaburō. They were each married to different tribes, but their relationships with the aborigines all had dire consequences. This article focuses on the strategic ways the Japanese used in governing the aborigines in the Meiji Era (1895-1912). From ＂Waban＂ to ＂Touban＂, and it explains how the aborigines were treated by the Japanese government.
|Relation:||民族學界, 44, 27-55|
|Appears in Collections:||[民族學界(民族學報)] 期刊論文|
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