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Discussion on the Relationship between the Eastern and Western Traditional Settlements and Terrain Hydrology of Datu tableland
|Keywords:||大肚臺地 ; 水文學 ; 地形學 ; 聚落發展 ; Datu tableland ; Hydrology ; Settlement Development ; Topography|
|Issue Date:||2020-11-11 11:18:10 (UTC+8)|
In this study, the relationship among the terrain, the hydrology, and the settlement of Datu tableland is explained by using the historical documents, field investigation, and Taiwan Fort Figure. And it discovers that the development of Chinese traditional settlements is related to water sources. In this sense, the types of traditional settlements are divided into two parts. In the eastern side of the tableland, they can be summarized as: (1) the settlements along the rivers of the valleys in the edge of the tableland and the settlements of the wells; (2) the settlements of artificial ponds at the height of the tableland; (3) the settlements of irrigation channels from the north to south sides. In the west side of the tableland, they can be summarized as: (1) the settlement of the springs under the cliffs in the western side of the tableland; (2) the settlements along the rivers of the valleys in the edge of the tableland and the settlements of the wells; (3) the settlements of artificial ponds in the high place of the tableland; (4) the settlements of irrigation channels in the northwestern and the southwestern sides of the tableland. On the whole, although a large number of Chinese moved to the eastern and western sides of the Dadu tableland during the Qianlong period, all the ancestors moved from the areas of springs in the edges of the tableland to the top of the tableland. However, it is more difficult to get water in the areas of steep terrain in the western side. This thus delays the development of traditional settlements in these areas and makes the settlements dryland ones. On one hand, the slope in the southwestern side is steep, the rivers in the valleys are too short, and the flow varies greatly in different seasons. Thus, there was no Chinese settlement extension in the early days of Guangxu until the beginning of the Japanese occupation. On the other hand, the slope in the eastern side of the Dadu tableland is flat, and there are Fazi River and Dajia River from the northernern to the southern sides of the east side. These reasons made the irrigation channels built easily. From the Qianlong period to the Jiaqing period, the Chinese traditional settlements in the eastern side of the Dadu tableland had continued to develop paddy farms along the progress of irrigation channels and expand into the Taichung Basin.
|Relation:||臺灣土地研究, 22(2), 171-197|
|Appears in Collections:||[Journal of Taiwan land research] Journal Articles|
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