Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: 人口減少下の日本における労働情勢:外国人の雇用状況を手がかりとして
Labor situation in Japan with a Declining population: Focusing on Hiring Foreigners
Authors: 劉慶瑞
Liu, Ching-Jui
Contributors: 問題と研究
Keywords: 人口減少 ; 労働情勢 ; 少子高齢化 ; アベノミクス 
人口減少 ; 勞動形勢 ; 少子高齡化 ; 安倍經濟學
Decrease in population ; Labor situation ; Declining birthrate and aging population ; Abenomics
Date: 2020-03
Issue Date: 2020-11-17 10:52:17 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 日本の総人口は2009年を境に減少に転じ、少子高齢化問題は一貫して日本にとって頭の痛い課題となっている。特に労働力不足の問題は、日本経済の発展にとって深刻な脅威である。この状況に鑑み、日本政府は高齢者の活躍.女性の労働市場参入といった対策に力を入れるほか、法改正により外国人労働者雇用を緩和した。本研究においては主に統計分析を通じて上述の対策を検証し、上に挙げた三つの主要労働対策がいずれも明らかな効果を収めており、近年の労働力率が増加の傾向にあることがわかった。しかし、国際的な労働時間短縮の情勢の下、いかに労働生産力を引き上げるかが企業と政府にとってもう一つの重大な挑戦となっている。また、外国籍の優秀な人材をとどめるためには、外国人労働者に利する良好な仕事環境と制度の構築が不可欠である。
Japan's total population began to decrease in 2009. The problem of declining birthrates and aging population has been a very difficult issue for Japan. In particular, the problem of insufficient labor will seriously threaten Japan's economic development. In light of this, the Japanese government has vigorously promoted measures such as the active participation of elderly people and women's participation in the labor market, and has further revised the law to relax the restrictions on the employment of foreign employees. This paper mainly validates the above countermeasures through statistical analysis and finds that the three main labor countermeasures mentioned above have significant effects. In recent years, the labor force participation rate in Japan has shown an increasing trend. However, under the international trend of reducing labor time, the problem on how to improve labor productivity will be another important challenge for companies and governments. In addition, in order to retain excellent foreign talents, it is indispensable to create a friendly working environment and system that is advantageous to foreign employees.
Relation: 問題と研究, 49(1), 37-65
Data Type: article
DOI 連結:
Appears in Collections:[問題と研究] 期刊論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
21.pdf754KbAdobe PDF22View/Open

All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

社群 sharing