Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/132631


Title: 台湾における農家経済調査システムの構築と運用―植民地期から中華民国期まで―
農家經濟調查體系在臺灣的建構與應用─日治時期至中華民國─
The Construction and Application of the Agricultural Households Survey System in Taiwan: From the Japanese Colonial Period to the Formation of Republic of China
Authors: 林佩欣
Lin, Pei-Hsin
Contributors: 問題と研究
Keywords: 統計調査 ; 農家経済調査 ; 東郷実 ; 林開煥 ; 張漢裕 
統計調查 ; 農家經濟調查 ; 東鄉實 ; 林開煥 ; 張漢裕
Statistical Survey ; Agricultural Households Survey ; Togo Minoru ; Lin Kai- Huan ; Zhang Han-Yu
Date: 2020-06
Issue Date: 2020-11-17 10:53:10 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 東郷実は戦前期における日本帝国の食料や原料の自給自足論を主張し、台湾の農業政策を立案するため、現地で大規模な農業諸調査を実施することが必要だと主張した。農会システムが制度化された後、南進政策の高まりを背景に、台湾総督府殖産局の主導のもと、1920年から農業基本調査が始まった。農家経済調査も「農業基本調査」の一環として、植民地統治が終わるまでに計3回行われた。これらの調査は当時の台湾農村社会の労働力や家計収支を明らかにし、植民地における台湾の農業政策立案に効率的な機能を果たした。さらに、台湾総督府が作り上げた農業経済調査のノウハウは、後継する統治者である中華民国政府に取り入れられ、計5回実施された。このように、数回にわたる調査結果は、台湾の戦前と戦後初期の農村の状態を明らかにするのみならず、戦後台湾の経済計画立案に影響を与えた。
二次世界大戰前,東鄉實基於日本帝國食物和原料等物資的自給自足論,為能在臺灣制訂合理的農業政策,主張必須先對臺灣實施各種農業調查。在農會系統制度化之後,以南進論高揚為契機,於1920年開始由總督府殖產局對臺灣展開全面性的農業基本調查。農家經濟調查即是農業基本調查之一部分,該調查至日本殖民統治結束為止,總計執行了三次。調查結果使臺灣當時農村社會的勞動力及家庭收支等狀態為之明朗,對殖民政府相關的農業政策立案深具影響。進而,由臺灣總督府策劃的農業經濟調查技術,也被接續統治臺灣的中華民國政府運用,總計執行了五次。透過同樣調查的實施,不僅究明了臺灣在二戰前、二戰後的農村狀態,也幫助了日後中華民國政府實施經濟建設計畫。
Togo Minoru advocated that various agricultural surveys must be carried out to formulate a reasonable agricultural policy in Taiwan, of which was mainly based on the self-sufficiency theory of food and raw materials from the Japanese Empire before World War II. After the institutionalization of the Farmers' Association System and using the Southern Expansion Doctrine as an opportunity, the Agricultural and Industrial Affairs Bureau of Taiwan Sotokufu launched a comprehensive survey of Taiwan's agriculture since 1920, where it had been executed three times until the end of the Japanese colonial period. The results from this series of surveys made clear of Taiwan's rural labor force, family income, and expenditure at that time, and also showed that these factors had a profound influence on the colonial government's agricultural policy filing. Furthermore, the agricultural households survey on technology that was planned by Taiwan Sotokufu and was also used by the government of the Republic of China, of which are still in use today, was executed five times. Through the implementation of the same survey, it not only investigated the rural conditions in Taiwan during the period of World War II, but also helped to implement the economic construction of the government of the Republic of China in the future.
Relation: 問題と研究, 49(2), 13-44
Data Type: article
DOI 連結: https://doi.org/10.30391/ISJ.202006_49(2).0002
Appears in Collections:[問題と研究] 期刊論文

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