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Title: 台湾における農家経済調査システムの構築と運用―植民地期から中華民国期まで―
The Construction and Application of the Agricultural Households Survey System in Taiwan: From the Japanese Colonial Period to the Formation of Republic of China
Authors: 林佩欣
Lin, Pei-Hsin
Contributors: 問題と研究
Keywords: 統計調査 ; 農家経済調査 ; 東郷実 ; 林開煥 ; 張漢裕 
統計調查 ; 農家經濟調查 ; 東鄉實 ; 林開煥 ; 張漢裕
Statistical Survey ; Agricultural Households Survey ; Togo Minoru ; Lin Kai- Huan ; Zhang Han-Yu
Date: 2020-06
Issue Date: 2020-11-17 10:53:10 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 東郷実は戦前期における日本帝国の食料や原料の自給自足論を主張し、台湾の農業政策を立案するため、現地で大規模な農業諸調査を実施することが必要だと主張した。農会システムが制度化された後、南進政策の高まりを背景に、台湾総督府殖産局の主導のもと、1920年から農業基本調査が始まった。農家経済調査も「農業基本調査」の一環として、植民地統治が終わるまでに計3回行われた。これらの調査は当時の台湾農村社会の労働力や家計収支を明らかにし、植民地における台湾の農業政策立案に効率的な機能を果たした。さらに、台湾総督府が作り上げた農業経済調査のノウハウは、後継する統治者である中華民国政府に取り入れられ、計5回実施された。このように、数回にわたる調査結果は、台湾の戦前と戦後初期の農村の状態を明らかにするのみならず、戦後台湾の経済計画立案に影響を与えた。
Togo Minoru advocated that various agricultural surveys must be carried out to formulate a reasonable agricultural policy in Taiwan, of which was mainly based on the self-sufficiency theory of food and raw materials from the Japanese Empire before World War II. After the institutionalization of the Farmers' Association System and using the Southern Expansion Doctrine as an opportunity, the Agricultural and Industrial Affairs Bureau of Taiwan Sotokufu launched a comprehensive survey of Taiwan's agriculture since 1920, where it had been executed three times until the end of the Japanese colonial period. The results from this series of surveys made clear of Taiwan's rural labor force, family income, and expenditure at that time, and also showed that these factors had a profound influence on the colonial government's agricultural policy filing. Furthermore, the agricultural households survey on technology that was planned by Taiwan Sotokufu and was also used by the government of the Republic of China, of which are still in use today, was executed five times. Through the implementation of the same survey, it not only investigated the rural conditions in Taiwan during the period of World War II, but also helped to implement the economic construction of the government of the Republic of China in the future.
Relation: 問題と研究, 49(2), 13-44
Data Type: article
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