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The Analysis of Forest Certification Policy Change in China: A Collaborative Network Perspective
|Keywords:||協力網絡 ; 環境政策制定 ; 森林認證政策（FSC、PEFC、CFCC） ; 網絡治理 |
Collaborative Network ; Environmental Policy-Making ; Forest Certification Policy (FSC, PEFC, CFCC) ; Network Governance
|Issue Date:||2020-11-17 16:32:57 (UTC+8)|
During the past two decades, the Chinese government has actively promoted the forest certification policy. Despite the government's leadership roles in the policy domain, stakeholders have gradually influenced dynamic decision-making in the development process. This paper applies theories of collaborative network to explore the correlation between the degrees of actors' collaboration and network roles and the results of the system adoption in the forest certification field. This study selected 36 organizations that participated in the first conference in 2012 to conduct surveys in collaboration and network interaction. The analyses found that when more of the actors agree to the collaboration of ＂power sharing＂ and ＂trust reciprocity＂, the result of FSC adoption is different, while when more of the actors agree to the collaboration of ＂power sharing＂ and ＂technical resource exchange＂, there is a difference in PEFC adoption. Through network analysis, we found that the ＂international organization＂ occupied the central position but was gradually replaced by the public sectors after 2008. In addition, in the ＂broker＂ network, it was a transition from a ＂multiple-actors＂ to a ＂dual-groups＂ state. The government and international organizations control the functions of information and resource transfer; however, the government gradually starts to take back the power-sharing and has become the center of collaborative networks. But, the strongest advantage for international organizations is for them to grasp the informal ＂trust network＂ among stakeholders from various groups transforming to policy brokers, and to shape a co-opetition relationship with the government. This study illustrates that the cooperation of China's forest certification is mainly based on the network of international resources and national authoritarianism, and that the collaborative model has changed from ＂diversity＂ to ＂dual-core＂ group. Finally, in addition to discussing the collaboration of stakeholders through ＂network analysis＂, this paper also supplements the arguments of horizontal cooperation and vertical relationship for its theoretical contribution.
|Relation:||中國大陸研究, 63(1), 41-81|
|Appears in Collections:||[中國大陸研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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