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Monopolistic Clientelism: The Distribution of National Social Science Fund Projects and ＂State-Society＂ Relations in China
|Keywords:||國家社會科學基金 ; 宣傳系統 ; 「壟斷性侍從主義」 ; 國家知識分子關係 |
National Social Science Fund ; Propaganda System ; Monopolistic Clientelism ; State Intellectuals Relations
|Issue Date:||2020-11-17 16:35:02 (UTC+8)|
In Authoritarian governments, dictators not only need to deal with pressure from the internal ruling elites in asking for the sharing of power, but they also face challenges from society, in particular, popular opposition from intellectuals that would topple their rule or trigger political crisis. To understand political change in contemporary China, it is crucial to understand the position of intellectuals in that society and their often troubled relation to the state. The extent of propaganda system's powers has played a pivotal role in repackaging of the CCP and Chinese government. It is also an important instrument in the Party-state's toolbox of thought control. In China, social science research is considered to be ＂ideological work,＂ which must be ＂guided＂ by propaganda authorities. These said propaganda authorities are in charge of planning and research direction. Furthermore, the Central Propaganda Department controls the national planning and funding system for social science research, especially the National Social Science Fund (NSSF). This paper will collate a large body of data (more than 40,000 cases from projects of NSSF covering 2008 to 2017) in order to clarify the precise characteristics of the distribution of academic resources. It will carry out both quantitative analysis (text mining) and qualitative research (field studies) to identify the relationship between the state and intellectuals, of which we call ＂monopolistic clientelism,＂ and the employment of the state capacity for thought work. We are particularly interested in the differences between the Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping era in coping with social control. Our findings suggest that the propaganda and thought management has become one of the key means for guaranteeing the CCP's ongoing legitimacy and hold on power. This type of propaganda epitomizes the broader processes of adaptation and resilience that characterize the CCP's rule today.
|Relation:||中國大陸研究, 63(3), 1-45|
|Appears in Collections:||[Mainland China Studies] Journal Articles|
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