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The Strategies, Opportunities and Challenges of Cross Border Governance: A Case Study of the Greater Bay Area in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao
|Keywords:||粵港澳大灣區 ; 跨界治理 ; 一國兩制 ; 區域經濟整合 |
Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area ; Cross Border Governance ; ＂One Country, Two Systems＂ ; Regional Economic Integration
|Issue Date:||2020-11-17 16:35:21 (UTC+8)|
Due to the prevalence of globalization and regional economic development in greater bay areas, the bay area development model has proven successful in the U.S. and Japan. For instance, the San Francisco Bay Area is famous for its high-tech sector, the New York Metropolitan Area excels in finance, and the Tokyo Metropolitan Area is famous for manufacturing and finance. As a region developed in the southern part of Mainland China, the Greater Bay Area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao is expected to play a role in scientific and technological innovation as well as manufacturing and finance. Nevertheless, whether the regional integration and effective cross-border governance can be realized in this greater bay area remains to be seen. The development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is a typical case of cross border governance. First, the issue of its operation involves the ＂one country, two systems, three separate customs territories＂ policy. It functions through vertical leadership, which helps to improve efficiency in implementation, but may also lead to institutional friction and conflicts over the rule of law. Second, the administrative structure of the Guangdong Province, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the coordination function and the limited effectiveness of policies at the local government level, are all related to the capabilities and mechanisms of cross-border governance. In other words, the mechanisms of cross border governance depend on effective communication, coordination, and cooperation between the Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao governments. Third, the development of the Greater Bay Area is an issue of economic integration. Its ＂spillover effects＂ in politically and socially-oriented interactions are still unclear. The effectiveness of cross-border governance in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area has a high correlation with its political system. Although the Communist Party of China's (CPC) political dictatorship is effective in vertical leadership, it is weak and insufficient in horizontal coordination. In addition, regional economic integration and comprehensive efficiency improvements are the core objectives of cross border governance. However, the operation of cross-border governance has several limitations because it faces substantial challenges in terms of system, legal institution, function, cognition and integration cooperation. At this stage, cross-border governance must strengthen and promote the rule of law, flexible governance, building of trust, social dialogue, and collaboration.
|Relation:||中國大陸研究, 63(3), 47-82|
|Appears in Collections:||[中國大陸研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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