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A Cross-Country Study on the Relationship Among Educational, Economical, Health Factors and Life Expectancy
unemployment rate;suicide rate;higher education rate;educational attainment years;life expectancy
|Issue Date:||2020-11-24 15:25:03 (UTC+8)|
The national development for health concentrated on improving life expectancy in recent years, and average life expectancy of many advanced countries has exceeded 80 years. Although the life expectancy of nationals in various countries was gradually increasing, the researchers have not reached a consensus on the impacted factors of life expectancy yet. The aim of this research is to investigate the impacted factors on the life expectancy, including the male and female life expectancy respectively, and explore to the key impacted factors on life expectancy. The data of 140 countries were collected from the World Bank (2019), and the variables were divided into education (including years of education and higher education enrollment rate), economy (including national income and unemployment rate) and health factors (including suicide rate and government health expenditure as a percentage of gross domestic product). The analysis led to the following conclusions: 1. Educational attainment years and higher education rate were significant correlated, and these could explain life expectancy range from 54.6% to 72.7%. 2. Per capital income also significantly correlated with life expectancy, however, its explanation only ranged from 2.1% to 9.1%. 3. Suicide rate and unemployment rate were negatively significant factors on life expectancy in respectively, that is, these correlated with life expectancy, especially for male had higher correlation with their life expectancy. 4. The percentage of government expenditure on health of gross domestic product was not significantly correlated with life expectancy. In summary, the research results showed the highest positive correlation between human capital and life expectancy among the education, economy and health factors. Which implied that countries should attach importance to human capital and have more appropriate investment in education.
|Relation:||教育與心理研究, 43(2), 33-64|
|Appears in Collections:||[教育與心理研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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