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Title: 當代中國道教的跨地域網絡建構:以1980年代至今香港及澳門道教與中國內地的交流為中心
Constructing a Cross-Regional Network in Contemporary Chinese Daoism: Hong Kong and Macau Daoism's Exchanges with Mainland China from the 1980s to the Present
Authors: 李志誠
Lee, Chi-shing
Contributors: 華人宗教研究
Keywords: 當代道教復興 ; 香港道教 ; 澳門道教 ; 口述歷史 
Revival of contemporary Daoism ; Hong Kong Daoism ; Macau Daoism ; oral history
Date: 2018-07
Issue Date: 2020-11-24 16:30:18 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 自1980年代起,中國政府開始落實宗教政策,支持逐漸恢復道教宮觀的開放及其宗教活動的傳承與發展。在這段後文革的恢復時期,香港與澳門兩個曾經與中國內地斷絕宗教交流的地區重新在「改革開放」及「回歸祖國」兩個重要歷史潮流下與中國內地接軌。部份香港道堂積極回到中國內地協助被摧毀的宮觀重新復興,並與中國內地道教界建構了全新的網絡關係。澳門道教界亦在回歸後成立了澳門道教協會,並以此平台為澳門道教帶來轉型及加強與中國內地的聯繫。筆者曾經對部份由該時期活躍至今的港澳道教領袖進行口述歷史訪問,本文將會嘗試綜合所得的訪問及文獻資料,勾勒出香港及澳門道教在近四十年來與中國內地道教的互動脈絡與歷史。文中將會說明香港、澳門及中國內地三方的道教界如何在數十年的交往下重新建構出湛新的跨地域合作模式,而與中國內地道教界的接觸又如何影響著香港及澳門道教的身份認同及組織發展。
Since the 1980s, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has been implementing religious policies and support the gradual restoration of Daoist temples and the transmission and development of their religious activities. During the post-Cultural Revolution recovery period, Hong Kong and Macau, two regions that where religious exchanges with mainland China had been interrupted, reconnected with the mainland under the two important historical trends of "reform and opening-up" and "return to China." Some Hong Kong Daoist halls and their members have enthusiastically returned to the Mainland to assist in the rejuvenation of Daoist temples and have built completely new networks of relationship with mainland Daoist communities. The Macau Taoist Association was also established after Macau was returned to China. The Macau Daoist community utilizes this platform to bring about religious transformation and strengthen ties with the mainland. The author previously conducted oral history interviews with some Hong Kong and Macau Daoist leaders who have been active since this earlier period until today. This paper attempts to synthesize these interviews with textual materials to outline the context and history of Hong Kong and Macao's interactions with mainland Chinese Daoism in the past 40 years. The article will explain how the Daoist communities in Hong Kong, Macau, and mainland China have re-constructed a brand new model of cross-regional cooperation over decades of interaction, as well as how contact with the mainland Daoist communities have influenced the identities and organizational development of Daoist groups in Hong Kong and Macau.
Relation: 華人宗教研究, 12, 75-113
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文

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