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The Prime Marshal of Utmost Virtue Who Accosted His Sovereign and Father: On the Visual Representations of Yin Jiao, Star God Presiding Over the Year
Wang, Koon Lee Dean
|Keywords:||殷郊 ; 太歲 ; 宗教與文學 ; 宗教競爭 ; 視覺文化 |
Yin Jiao ; Tai Sui ; religion & literature ; religious competition ; visual culture
|Issue Date:||2020-11-24 16:30:32 (UTC+8)|
Tai Sui is a major deity within the complex of Chinese popular religious beliefs that was personified by the various Daoist ritual lineages in the Song dynasty and was given the title Yin Jiao. Outside of Daoist canonical works, Yin Jiao also appears in many literary works, where visual representations of the god are even more varied. In western religious studies, visual culture is again receiving much attention in recent years, with some scholars advocating further dialogue between research in visual culture and religious studies. However, in Chinese academic circles, because of the long-term research focus on texts and ritual, the question of visual representations of deities has been neglected to some extent; depictions of Yin Jiao are no exception. In fact, this issue involves the many written works concerning Yin Jiao beliefs; however, on the questions related to representations and their reception, further work remains to be done. In light of these issues, this paper aims to explore those religious elements reflected by the changes in images of gods through an analysis of Yin Jiao's representations in religious texts and literature. In this article, I argue that the portrayals of divinity images are not only concrete expressions of the results of the interaction between religion and literature, but also a product of religious competition. If scholars wish to understand this type of interaction and competition, then they must begin to distinguish deities regarding three significant elements--their titles, facial features, and accompanying implements-as they undertake archaeological and textual studies.
|Relation:||華人宗教研究, 12, 115-149|
|Appears in Collections:||[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文|
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