Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/133963


Title: 俄羅斯電子商務市場之探討:以俄國本土電商Wildberries和中國跨境電商Aliexpress為例
Russian E-commerce Market: The Case Studies of Russian Local E-commerce Company Wildberries and Chinese Cross-Border E-commerce Company Aliexpress
Authors: 李佳怡
Lee, Jia-Yi
Contributors: 洪美蘭
Hung, Mei-Lan
李佳怡
Lee, Jia-Yi
Keywords: 俄羅斯
中國
電子商務
跨境電商
Wildberries
全球速賣通
Russia
China
e-Commerce
Cross Border e-Commerce
Wildberries
Aliexpress
Date: 2020
Issue Date: 2021-02-01 14:26:50 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 近年來電子商務盛行,在全球化的浪潮之下也掀起龐大商機。然而,身為新興市場與金磚五國之一的俄羅斯,目前在面對網路購物的國內市場尚未飽和。因此,除了本土電商積極發展外,也吸引許多有意拓展俄羅斯市場的跨境電商進入。但是俄國擁有廣大使用俄語卻不習慣用英語的消費人口,以及俄國營商環境與社會文化特殊,跨境電商想要開拓此塊市場有一定的門檻和障礙存在。然而,中國跨境電商不但成功進入俄國市場,甚至中國跨境電商―全球速賣通,還成為俄國跨境電商的領頭羊。因此,本文將主要運用電商七流、PEST分析,同時輔以文化維度理論,綜合解析俄國市場的特殊性與複雜性,再藉由本土電商Wildberries與中國跨境電商全球速賣通的個案比較,探討俄羅斯電子商務市場所需面對的困難與挑戰,並依當前的發展情況瞭解雙方經營績效與競合關係,評估俄羅斯電子商務市場的未來發展前景。研究結果發現,全球速賣通不單純只是克服俄國營商市場環境上的困難,或是單靠便宜與多樣化的商品,所以才成為俄國跨境電商的領頭羊;最重要的是它先進的顧客分析技術與運用,能夠喚起消費者的需求意識,同時彌補俄國本身在輕工業較不發達的市場空缺。而Wildberries雖然在態度上看似沒有積極迎戰,也認為擁有一套自己的商業模式,但是其與全球速賣通仍是共同分食俄羅斯這塊市場,所以本文認為雙方屬於「良性競爭」態勢,此種競爭關係將促進俄羅斯電子商務市場技術日益純熟與服務不斷成長,故俄羅斯電子商務市場未來發展依舊值得關注。
In recent years, e-commerce under the wave of globalization has huge business opportunities. However, Russia, as an emerging market and one of the five BRICs countries, the domestic market for online shopping is not yet saturated. Therefore, except the Russian local e-commerce companies develop actively, many cross-border e-commerce companies are also interested in expanding this market. However, there is a large consumer population who speaks Russian but doesn’t use English in Russia and its business environment and social culture are unique, cross-border e-commerce companies have certain thresholds and obstacles to open up this market. However, Chinese cross-border e-commerce has not only successfully entered the Russian market, even Chinese cross-border e-commerce, Aliexpress, has also become the leader of Russian cross-border e-commerce. Therefore, this article will mainly use seven streams of e-commerce and PEST analysis and supplemented by Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory, to comprehensively analyze the distinctiveness and complexity of the Russian market. Facing the competition of cross-border e-commerce, this article compares and analyzes the cases of local e-commerce Wildberries and Chinese cross-border e-commerce Aliexpress, to discuss the difficulties and challenges in Russian e-commerce market. Based on the current development situation to understand the business performance of both parties and their coopetition relationship, and finally evaluate the development prospects of Russian e-commerce market. We found that Aliexpress is not simply overcoming the difficulties in the Russian business market environment, or relying solely on cheap and diversified products, so it has become the leader of Russian cross-border e-commerce. The most important thing is its advanced customer analysis technology and application can arouse consumers' awareness of needs, and at the same time fill up market vacancies of Russian less-developed light industry. Also we found that Wildberries’ attitude doesn’t seem to be actively fighting with Aliexpress, this is because Wildberries believes it has its own business model. Nevertheless, it still shares the Russian market with Aliexpress. Therefore, this article believes that Wildberries and Aliexpress are in a “healthy competition”. Under this type of competition will also promote technology and service’s growth of the Russian e-commerce market. So, its development is still attracting much attention.
Reference: 中文部分
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11. Ecommerce News, 2020/1/9. “Russian ecommerce giant Wildberries launches in Europe,” Ecommerce News europe, < https://ecommercenews.eu/russian-ecommerce-giant-wildberries-launches-in-europe/>.
12. FinTech Futures, 2019. “Spotlight: the Russian e-commerce cross-border market,” INFORMA, <https://www.fintechfutures.com/2019/07/spotlight-the-russian-e-commerce-cross-border-market/# >.
13. Henni, Adrien, 2014/10. “Cross-border sales to Russia,” East-West Digital News, <http://russiansearchmarketing.com/wp-content/uploads/yandex_cross-border.pdf >.
14. Hofstede Insights, <https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison/>.
15. IMRG, 2019. “An overview of logistics and communication in Russia,” IMRG, <https://www.imrg.org/russia-logistics/>.
16. Internet World State, 2019. “Internet world users by language,” Internet World State, <https://www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm>.
17. Kantchev, Georgi, 2020/10/1. “Russian Online Retailer Ozon Group Prepares American IPO,” The Wall Street Journal, <https://www.wsj.com/articles/russian-online-retailer-ozon-group-prepares-american-ipo-11601566042>.
18. Lane, James, 2019. “The 10 Most Spoken Languages In The World,” Babble Magazine, <https://www.babbel.com/en/magazine/the-10-most-spoken-languages-in-the-world>.
19. Lunden, Ingrid, 2019/6/6. “Alibaba, Mail.Ru, Megafon form AliExpress Russia JV to double down on e-commerce in CIS,” TechChurch, < https://techcrunch-com/2019/06/05/alibaba-mail-ru-megafon-form-aliexpress-russia-jv-to-double-down-on-e-commerce-in-cis/ >.
20. Lunden, Ingrid, 2019/7/6. “Alibaba, Mail.Ru, Megafon form AliExpress Russia JV to double down on e-commerce in CIS,” TechChurch, < https://techcrunch.com/2019/06/05/alibaba-mail-ru-megafon-form-aliexpress-russia-jv-to-double-down-on-e-commerce-in-cis/ >
21. Merlion.ru, < https://merlion.com/>.
22. Sadyki, Marina, 2017. “National report on e-commerce development in Russia,” United Nations Industrial Development Organization, <https://www.unido.org/api/opentext/documents/download/9920890/unido-file-9920890>.
23. Seddon, Max, 2020/5/11. “How Tatyana Bakalchuk took Russia’s ecommerce throne,” Financial Times, <https://www.ft.com/content/b5d2cfc8-62c2-11ea-abcc-910c5b38d9ed>.
24. Stephen, Hawk, 2002. “The development of Russian e-commerce: the case of Ozon” Management decision, < https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235298972_The_development_of_Russian_e-commerce_the_case_of_Ozon>.
25. Trescheva, Anna, 2018/11/6. “Simplifying Logistics for Russian Exporters with the Russian Post,” eBay, <https://www.ebayinc.com/stories/news/simplifying-logistics-for-russian-exporters-with-the-russian-post/>.
26. Veronika, 2016. “E-commerce development in Russia: Trends and Prospects,” Journal of internet banking and commerce, < https://www.icommercecentral.com/open-access/ecommerce-development-in-russia-trends-and-prospects.php?aid=80503&view=mobile#7>.
27. Wildberries.ru, < https://www.wildberries.ru/>.
28. Wirecard AG, 2020/7/16. “Wildberries Expands in European Market With Wirecard,” CISION, <https://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/wildberries-expands-in-european-market-with-wirecard-836941604.html>.
29. Yandex, <https://yandex.com/>.
30. Yeung, Angel, 2019/2/22. “Former English Teacher And Founder Of Online Retailer Becomes Russia’s Second-Ever Female Billionaire,” Forbes <https://www.forbes.com/sites/angelauyeung/2019/02/22/founder-of-popular-e-commerce-site-becomes-russias-second-ever-femalebillionaire/#38240b165bc8>.
31. Ситилинк(Citilink), <https://www.citilink.ru/>.

(二) 俄文部分
1. Alexandra, Khrisanfova, 2020/11/25. “Bloomberg назвал IPO Ozon лучшим для российских компаний c 2011 года,” РБК, <https://quote.rbc.ru/news/article/5fbe7b9d9a79473d6d9e8c02>.
2. Data Insight, 2020. “Рейтинг ТОП-100 крупнейших интернет-магазинов России,” Data Insight, <https://www.top100.datainsight.ru/>.
3. Julia, Danilina, 2020. “Wildberries может обогнать AliExpress на российском рынке уже в 2020 году,” Inc., < https://incrussia.ru/news/wildberries-aliexpress/>.
4. TASS, 2020/11/25. “Forbes: эксперты оценили состояние основателя Wildberries в $10 млрд,” TASS Russia news agency, < https://tass.ru/ekonomika/10093333>.
5. Агентство, Синьхуа, 2014/7/1. “Мы -- русские «таоголики»,” Жэньминь Жибао, <http://russian.people.com.cn/31518/8503772.html>.
6. Андрей, Ванденко, 2020/11/5. “Гендиректор интернет-ретейлера Wildberries,” TACC, < https://tass.ru/business-officials/8759963>.
7. Дмитрий, Шестоперов, 2019/1/30. “Ozon.ru оставит покупателей в долгу,” Коммерсантъ, <https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3867598>.
8. Елена, Ганжур, 2020/11/25. “Оценка состояния владелицы Wildberries Татьяны Бакальчук выросла до $10 млрд,” Forbes, <https://www.forbes.ru/milliardery/414621-ocenka-sostoyaniya-vladelicy-wildberries-tatyany-bakalchuk-vyrosla-do-10-mlrd>.
9. Коммерсантъ, 2020/11/25. “Преимущество своего маркетплейса-Минпромторг хочет поддержать российские площадки,” Коммерсантъ, < https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4584778>.
10. Оксана, Измайлова, 2015/4/8. “История успеха Wildberries,” Бизнес-мама, <https://business-mama.ru/istorii-uspeha/203-istoriya-uspekha-wildberries/>.

五、官方網站
1. Transparency International, <https://www.transparency.org/en/>.
2. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Росстат), <https://rosstat.gov.ru/>.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
俄羅斯研究所
107263006
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107263006
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

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