Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/133998


Title: 葉門內戰比較研究(1962-1967/2014-2018):認同與內外的行為者互動
A Comparative Study of Yemen Civil Wars (1962-1967/2014-2018) : Identity and the Interactions of Internal and External Actors
Authors: 謝友綸
Hsieh, Yu-Lun
Contributors: 張景安
謝友綸
Hsieh, Yu-Lun
Keywords: 葉門內戰
認同
教派衝突
泛阿拉伯主義
Civil Wars
Yemen
Identities
Pan-Arabism
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-02-01 14:34:37 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 中東地區因為人工疆界的因素,認同團體與國界之間往往不一定吻合並形成跨國界的認同。因此區域內國家內部往往得面臨不同認同的競爭,而這些競爭則因為跨國界認同的關係影響到區域層次。葉門長期以來一直面臨了內部動盪的問題,而區域間的行為者也曾多次大歷屆葉門內部衝突,而當這些區域行為者介入葉門時,似乎又沿著某種認同分歧的界線,選擇支持不同陣營。而為了解這樣認同與不同內外部行為者的關聯,本文將選定探討1962年與2014年的兩場葉門內戰,檢視葉門在現代國家的歷史上,其認同與內外行為者的關係變化。

同時,本文也採用學者Mabon所提出的這種內外認同安全困境的概念,去分析探討這兩次的葉門內戰中,內外部行為者的互動關係。而透過本文的探討可以發現,葉門內部所存在的分裂狀況提供了不同認同競爭的場域,而當不同認同競爭時又會吸引外部的行為者沿著自身的認同選擇介入葉門,最後當這些區域行為者進行介入時,也會為內部的認同競逐帶來衝擊,並限縮內部行為者的認同建構能力。此外,本文也看到,當內外部不同行為者利用認同作為擴大影響力的工具時,也會使得原本在區域間共存的認同產生異化,並進而發展成互斥的關係,如當今中東地區所呈現的「遜尼什葉衝突」即是區域內國家在互相競逐的過程中,逐漸建構出來的。
Because of its artificial border from colonial times, the border between different identity groups are not in lines with states border, and this help to establish inter-states identities to exit in the middle east. Thus, countries the region tends to face competition between different identities within its border, and this competition also has implication in a regional level. Yemen as a country in the region, it also faces this kind of turmoil, and with a long history of civil wars alongside with external intervention, it seems to match the pattern stated above. Thus, in this research, we will examine the relationship between identities and different actors in the two civil wars that happened in Yemen, which is the 1962 one and the one happened after 2014.

This research will also use Mabon’s concept of internal-external identities security dilemma to analyze the relationships between different actors through the lenses of identities. In the end this research concludes that the competition of identities inside Yemen is one of the factor that draws the external actors to intervene, and through interventions the external actors bring a huge influence on the construction process of internal identities. And also that the competition between different regional powers can also construct a hostile relationship between identities that were originally coexist with each other.
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新聞與網站資料
Al Jazeera. (2020, February 18). Tribal forces in eastern Yemen clash with Saudis. Retrieved January 05, 2021, from https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/2/18/tribal-forces-in-eastern-yemen-clash-with-saudis
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
中東與中亞研究碩士學位學程
106560001
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106560001
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[中東與中亞研究碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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