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Title: 中華職棒攻守能力、效率與達標效能之研究
The Research of offensive and defensive capability,efficiency and effectiveness in CPBL
Authors: 賴楨澔
Contributors: 李文福
Keywords: 網絡資料包絡分析法
Network DEA
Professional baseball
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-03-02 14:46:19 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 中華職棒即將邁入第三十二年,國內外針對職業運動績效評估逐漸受到重視,過往常以傳統DEA法分析投入產出效率問題,而在講求專業分工的現代,探討球隊內部結構的運作勢在必行。
本研究參考Lewis, Lock and Sexton(2009)棒球效率評估模型,將球隊分為進攻、防守和整合三個部門。本研究以Network DEA探討中華職棒2003至2018年間攻守能力、效率與達標效能的表現,進攻能力(O-capability)與防守能力(D-capability)定義為壘打數、總保送和失誤的綜合指標。另外藉由三者與得失分來衡量各球隊效率表現,並以例行賽勝率與季後賽戰績累積機率作為最終達標效能。
The Chinese Professional Baseball League(CPBL) is about to enter its 32nd year. The performance evaluation of professional sports has gradually received attention at home and abroad. In the past, the traditional DEA method was used to analyze the efficiency of input and output. However, the operation trend of the team internal structure must be discussed in this work specialization modern time.
This study refers to the Lewis, Lock and Sexton (2009) baseball efficiency evaluation model, which divides the team into offense, defense, and integration. This study uses Network DEA to discuss the performance of offensive and defensive capability, efficiency and effectiveness of the CPBL from 2003 to 2018. Offensive and defensive capabilities are defined as the comprehensive index of the total bases, total walks and turnovers. In addition, the efficiency performance of each team is measured by the three factors and the runs. The regular season winning rate and the cumulative probability of the post season record are used as the effectiveness.
The empirical results show that domestic professional baseball players have continued to improve both in hitting and picking, and the number of defensive turnovers has gradually decreased. It not only shows that the average quality of players is getting higher and higher, but also highlights the problem of domestic pitchers. Regardless of the regular season or the post season, both offensive and defensive capability and efficiency have a high degree of explanatory power for the effectiveness. It shows that these two are the indeed important factors affecting the effectiveness and the capability is more influential than the efficiency. 
Comparing the relative contribution of effectiveness between offensive and defensive capabilities and efficiency, the difference between the regular season and the post season is the winning efficiency. Winning efficiency in the post season has a higher contribution to the effectiveness. It is speculated that short-term and highly competitive events in the game. If you can win a game with a close score, you will be able to take the lead and greatly enhance the team's confidence, and then achieve better results.
Reference: 中文部分
王禹斌 (2006),「美國職棒大聯盟球隊之技術效率分析」,國立中正大學國際經濟研究所碩士論文。
陳信宏(2010),「台灣職業棒球之市場法則-球隊效率與存活」,國立政治大學 財政研究所碩士論文。

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Description: 碩士
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Data Type: thesis
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