Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
The Politics of Post-9/11 Counterterrorism in the Philippines
Bugarin, Patrick Dave Q.
Bugarin, Patrick Dave Q.
regime of practices
Abu Sayyaf Group
|Issue Date:||2021-03-02 14:51:28 (UTC+8)|
In this dissertation I explore the complex social process of countering international terrorism after the 9/11 bombings and the declaration of the Global War on Terror (GWOT). Specifically, I look into the creation, maintenance, and transformation of the issue of terrorism and its corresponding responses. In order to understand this, I utilize the securitization framework that leans closer to its sociological turn. The sociological perspective in securitization studies presents an integrative framework that accommodates both discursive and non-discursive practices to better understand the subtleties of change and continuity or the evolution of a security issue. The utilization of the concept of regimes of practices further highlights the importance of securitization theory in understanding security issues and as well as expands its utility to capture particular experiences in the non-West. Thus, this work highlights the particular experience of the Philippines that has long been experiencing domestic and transnational forms of terrorism.
After the 9/11 bombings and the declaration of the GWOT, counterterrorism in the Philippines was seemingly recreated in that through this, the country was even dubbed as one of the US’ staunchest allies in the war on terror. In a way, this relationship has directly or indirectly informed Philippine responses to terrorism from the administrations of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2001-2010), Benigno Simeon Aquino, III (2010-2016), and Rodrigo Roa Duterte (2016-present). Upon further reflection, this work reveals that it was not only the alliance that was important in the creation, maintenance, and transformation of the security issue but as well as local political dynamics that co-facilitated the acceptance of the security issue. In this research project I argued that there is so much more than what meets the eye in the Philippines’ response against terrorism. Security decision-making and the politics of the extraordinary is ultimately embedded within the regime of practices that manifests from the domestic political dynamics of the country.
In this dissertation I further reveal that the social construction of counterterrorism has far-reaching repercussions and has created a paradox in reference with the peace initiatives being pursued by the government. As I elaborated on the machinations of power, I made explicit its complex social process and more specifically, the prevailing dominant narrative understood as the traditional way of dealing with conflict and violence by employing heavy-handed approaches. This, then, is most useful to arrive at more informed responses. In a way, I conceived of this research project with the purpose of also encouraging further research works to focus on exposing the exercise of power to understand dominance and willing compliance hidden in various forms of political maneuvering.
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