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Title: Having Children in a Time of Lowest-Low Fertility
Authors: 胡力中
Hu, Li-Chung
Chiang, Yi-Lin
Contributors: 社會系
Keywords: Value of children;Fertility desire;Birth parity;Lowest-low fertility;Taiwan
Date: 2020-08
Issue Date: 2021-05-24 14:50:54 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Studies on the family often assume that the normative expectations of having children are straightforward. However, in societies with sustained lowest-low fertility, each childbirth is seen as a thoroughly calculated decision. Using data from the Taiwan Youth Project (TYP), this study examines young adults’ reasons and sex preference for having children in Taiwan, where the total fertility rate is among the lowest in the world. We examine whether the values of children in Taiwan capture fertility desires and which ones do so, and how the importance of each value varies by birth parity. The findings show that young adults attach different values to the first, second, and third child. Additionally, while young adults in Taiwan do not consider economic utility as a primary value for having children, economic resources significantly shape their levels of desire to have children. Moreover, son preference has been largely replaced by the preference for a balanced sex composition. These results suggest that non-economic values, economic resources and sex preference intertwine to shape fertility desire in a context of lowest-low fertility. Implications for fertility policies within and beyond Taiwanese society are discussed.
Relation: Child Indicators Research, 14, 537-554
Data Type: article
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