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Title: A Research on Spatial Accessibility to Paediatric Services in Hualien County
Authors: 郭璨宇
Kuo, Tsanyu
Contributors: 亞太博二
Keywords: 進階兩階段流動搜尋法;地理資訊系統;空間自相關性;空間可接近性;小兒科診所人口比
Enhanced Two-Step Floating Catchment Area Method;Geography Information System;Spatial Autocorrelation;Spatial Accessibility;Clinic-to-population ratio
Date: 2020-01
Issue Date: 2021-05-25 11:08:44 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This research aims to investigate the spatial accessibility of paediatric clinics in Hualien county. Enhanced Two-Step Floating Catchment Area Method is used to calculate the spatial accessibility (clinic-to-patient ratio) of each village in Hualien. In addition, spatial autocorrelation such as Anselin's LISA and Getis-Ord's Gi*(d) were conducted to pinpoint the spatial clusters where paediatric services are most needed. The current distribution of paediatric clinics is concentrated in Huadong valley and Hualien city, leaving 8.74% of children under the age of 18 in risk as they have no paediatric resource accessibility. Through spatial autocorrelation, we can point out the three paediatric service 'cold points': north Hualien, centre-south Hualien and south Hualien. These areas are also being highlighted in past research as resource insufficient regions. Centre-south Hualien is currently covered by Mobile Medicine Program whereas north and south Hualien, especially mountainous regions need more support to improve its spatial accessibility.
本研究使用「進階兩階段流動搜尋法」(Enhanced Two-Step Floating Catchment Area Method)計算花蓮縣各村里小兒科醫療資源的空間可接近性,以了解各村里診所與兒童的人口比例。並透過Anselin's LISA與Getis-Ord's Gi*(d)進行空間自相關分析,發掘醫療資源缺乏的空間聚落,提供未來政策規劃參考。研究發現,花蓮縣小兒科醫療資源集中於花東縱谷與花蓮市,全縣有8.74%的兒童醫療資源可接近性為0,是疾病潛在風險群。透過空間自相關性分析,發現花蓮北部、中南部及南部為小兒科醫療可接近性較低的「冷點」,這些聚落在過去的研究中也被點名為資源缺乏區域。雖然健康保險署目前的「巡迴醫療服務」可改善醫療可接近性,但服務範圍僅聚集於花蓮中南部,建議巡迴服務應擴及花蓮北部及南部,以改善醫療可接近性
Relation: 臺灣健康照顧研究學刊, No.21, pp.72-104
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS)] 期刊論文

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