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Ill-gotten Properties by Political Parties;transitional justice;Suspension from Execution
|Issue Date:||2021-06-08 15:10:53 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract:||2016年8月，立法院通過《政黨及其附隨組織不當取得財產處理條例》（以下簡稱黨產條例），我國處理威權時期國家不法行為之轉型正義工程，進入一個嶄新的階段。在一般所認識之以「大規模且有系統的人權侵害」為客體，運用相關手段作為尋求正義與遠離傷痛的轉型正義體系，或者將轉型正義理解為「在民主轉型過程中，為求民主鞏固為目的，面對過去威權統治的程序與機制」的脈絡下，不可諱言，「追討不當黨產」，確屬比較特殊的一環。在轉型正義的理念基礎上，不論是追究加害者責任之應報式正義觀（retributive justice），重新確立法與不法之對立價值，或強調修復式正義（restorative justice），放眼未來，著重於加害者、被害者與社會間之關係修復，乃至於民主鞏固，在追討不當黨產的環節上，都必須尋找其精準的座落，國內亦有不少的論述，主張追討黨產並不屬於轉型正義應有的手段，甚至有純屬政治鬥爭之譏。在黨產條例之具體適用上，特別是條例所規範之相關主體、程序、實體法內涵，乃至於行政暨司法實務上產生的爭議，都必須有具備理論視野、特別是其他國家轉型正義工程中類似經驗之比較法角度下的檢視。針對此兩大主軸：「轉型正義下追討不當黨產之基礎理論」、「黨產條例適用上之實體法暨程序法問題」，國內至今並無比較全面性的論述與檢討，有必要進行此項研究工作，做清楚的論述與建構，此即為本研究計畫之緣起。 |
In August 2016, the Legislative Yuan passed the Act Governing the Settlement of Ill-gotten Properties by Political Parties and Their Affiliate Organizations (hereinafter referred to as the Ill-gotten Properties Act), and our country has entered a brand-new stage in its transitional justice project to deal with state illegal acts during the authoritarian period. In general, the object of "large-scale and systematic violation of human rights" is used as a transitional justice system to seek justice and stay away from pain, or to understand transitional justice as "in the process of democratic transformation, for the purpose of consolidation of democracy, in the context of facing and dealing with past authoritarian procedures and mechanisms, it cannot be denied that " governing the settlement of ill-gotten properties " is indeed a relatively special part. Based on the concept of transitional justice, whether it is the retributive justice that holds the perpetrators accountable, re-establish the opposite value of law and lawlessness, or emphasize restorative justice, focusing on the future, the restoration of relationship between the perpetrators, victims, and society, or even the consolidation of democracy. In the process of governing the settlement of ill-gotten properties, it is necessary to find its precise location. There are also many discussions in Taiwan argue that governing the settlement of ill-gotten properties is not belonging to the means of transitional justice. Moreover, some critics even think of this as political struggle. In the application of the Ill-gotten Properties Act, especially the relevant subjects, procedures, substantive law connotations regulated by the act, and even the disputes arising from administrative and judicial practices, they must have a theoretical perspective, especially from the aspect of comparison method of similar experience in other countries’ transitional justice projects. In response to these two main axis: ‘basic theory of governing the settlement of ill-gotten properties under transitional justice’ and ‘substantial law and procedural law issues in the application of the Ill-gotten Properties Act‘, there is no comprehensive discussion and review in Taiwan so far. This research makes a clear discussion and construction, which is the origin of the research project.
|Appears in Collections:||[Department of Law] Research Reports|
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