Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Diagnosis of Lightings in Equus
|Issue Date:||2021-08-04 14:23:02 (UTC+8)|
This thesis focuses on how lightings, including darkness, manifest the motif of Peter Shaffer’s Equus. In the play, different forms of lights and darkness have different symbolisms. Shaffer uses six different forms of lights and lighting changes to depict the psyche of the characters to show the sequence of process of questioning “normality.” The warm light, which is mainly associated with Hesther, creates a sense of familiarity and security and symbolizes the general criterion of normality and social norms. The dim light creates a melancholy atmosphere, which symbolizes Alan’s obscure relationship with Nugget and Dora’s doubts and confusion of her situation. The cold light comes in when the general criterion of normality is proved problematic in a way, and it symbolizes the disillusion of Dysart and Alan. The darkness is both presented on stage and used metaphorically to show the dark side and desperation of characters like Dysart. The spotlight intensifies Alan’s abnormal passion for the horses while cones of light manifest Alan’s divine and dreadful attitude toward the horses. Therefore, I argue that different forms of lights, darkness and changes of lights in Equus are the vital elements to depict the psyche of the characters and to manifest the themes of the play.
|Reference:||Barnes, Clive. “‘Equus’ a New Success on Broadway.” New York Times Oct. 1974,|
p.26, https://www.nytimes.com/1974/10/25/archives/equusa-new-success-on-broadway.html. Accessed 30 Mar. 2020.
Bellman, Willard F. Lighting the Stage: Art & Practice. Third Ed. Broadway P, 2001.
“Benefits of a Spotlight When Choosing Stage Lighting Equipment.” SSRC Quality Theatrical Distribution, SSRC, Mar. 2019, https://www.ssrconline.com/blog/
benefits-of-a-spotlight-when-choosing-stage-lighting-equipment/. Accessed 25 March 2021.
Buckley, Tom. “Why are there two u's in ‘Equus’?” New York Times Apr. 1975, p.242, https://www.nytimes.com/1975/04/13/archives/why-are-there-
two-us-in-equus-write-me-said-the-play-to-peter.html. Accessed 30 Mar. 2020.
Fu-shan, Lai. Peter Shaffer’s Dramatic Vision of the Failure of Society: A Study of The Royal Hunt of the Sun, Equus and Amadeus. MA thesis. Simon Fraster University, 1989.
Galens, David M. “Equus.” Drama for Students. vol. 5, Gale, 1999, pp. 101-121. Gale eBooks, https://link-gale-com.autorpa.lib.nccu.edu.tw/apps/doc/CX2693000016/GVRL?u=nccu&sid=GVRL&xid=7eb68ee4. Accessed 17 Dec 2020.
Gendrich, Cynthia M., and Archer, Stephen M. Theatre: Its Art and Craft. Seventh edition, Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.
“How Lighting is Used in Theatre.” The Light Yard, The Light Yard, Nov. 2017, https://thelightyard.com/blogs/the-blog-of-light/how-lighting-is-used-in-theatre. Accessed 15 June 2020.
Kalson, Albert E. “Equus Review.” Educational Theatre Journal, vol. 25, no. 4, 1973, pp. 514–515. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3205613. Accessed 29 Dec 2019.
Mustazza, Leonard. “A Jealous God: Ritual and Judgement in Shaffer’s Equus.” Papers on Language & Literature, vol. 28, no. 2, Spring 1992. EBSCOhost, search. ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9704043709&
lang=zh-tw&site=ehost-live. Accessed 15 Jan 2020.
“Normality, n” OED Online, Oxford UP, December, 2003, https://www-oed-com.autorpa.lib.nccu.edu.tw/
Accessed 17 Sep 2020.
Obsorn, Michael. “Archetypal Metaphor in Rhetoric: The Light—Dark Family.” Quarterly Journal of Speech, Vol 53, No 2, 1967, pp.115-126.
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00335636709382823. Accessed 9 Jul 2020.
Safak, Zafer. “The Relationship Between Martin Dysart and Alan Strang in Peter Shaffer’s Equus in The Light of Psychoanalysis” Erciyes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 2016.
Shaffer, Peter. Equus. New York: Penguin Books, 1977.
Schanker, Harry H., Katherine A Ommanney. The Stage and the School. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc, 1998.
Shewy, Don. “Equus—A Horse of A Different Color.” Gay Community News Dec.1975, https://repository.library.northeastern.edu/downloads/ neu:m046gz18h?datastream_id=content. Accessed 6 Nov 2020.
“Stage Lighting Basics.” Drama by Design, Drama by Design,
http://www.dramabydesign.com/stage-lighting-basics/. Accessed. 15 June 2020.
“The Importance of Color in Lighting.” Illuminated Integration, Illuminated Integration, 24 Feb. 2019, https://illuminated-integration.com/blog/
importance-of-color-in-lighting/. Accessed 15 June 2020.
|Appears in Collections:||[英國語文學系] 學位論文|
Files in This Item:
All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.