Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/136456


Title: 神化思想在中國本土基督教的再現:從西方個人靈修到召會的團體行動實踐
The Reappearance of The Idea of Theosis in Chinese Christianity: From Western Personal Spirituality to Corporate Action and Practice of the Local Church
Authors: 張證豪
Chang, Cheng-Hao
Contributors: 郭承天
Kuo, Cheng-Tian
張證豪
Chang, Cheng-Hao
Keywords: 中國基督教
神化
成神
基督化
李常受
召會
團體實踐
Chinese Christianity
Deification
Theosis
Christification
Witness Lee
Local Church
Corporate Practice
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 15:33:13 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 神化思想在西方基督教中由來已久,並不是一個新的概念或論述。早自希臘教父時期起,神化思想即已有相當的發展;但在中世紀之後,神化思想逐漸歸於沉寂。宗教改革運動以來,神化思想在基督教中僅有零星的蹤跡。近代的西方學者對於神化的議題,也抱持著保留或懷疑的態度。然而,西方在本世紀初以來,卻重新掀起了對神化教義的研究熱潮。無獨有偶的是,神化思想也出現於上個世紀末的中國本土基督教。召會的神學家李常受,以「亞他那修」為起始發展出他的神化論述,並將其論述具體實踐於教會的團體行動中。由於以往神化思想的論述與實踐,大多是聚焦在神化個人層面,較少著墨於神化對於教會的意義與團體性的行動與實踐。因此,本文擬以神化分析理論架構分析的李常受的神化論述與召會在團體實踐上的內涵。
The idea of theosis has a long history in Western Christianity and it is not a new concept or discourse. The idea of theosis has developed considerably since the Greek Fathers, but it gradually declines after the Middle Ages. After the Reformation Movement, the idea of theosis has only sporadic traces in Christianity. Modern Western scholars have reservations or doubts about theosis. However, since the beginning of this century, there has been a resurgence of research on the doctrine of theosis in the West. Coincidentally, the idea of theosis also appeared in Chinese Christianity at the end of the last century. Witness Lee, the theologian of the Local Church, developed the discourse of theosis from Athanasius and put his own discourse into the corporate practice in the church. Because most of the discussion and practice of theosis focus on the individual aspect in the past but pay less attention to the meaning of theosis for the church and corporate action and Practice in the church. Therefore, this thesis will analyze Witness Lee's deification discourse and the practical connotation of the Local Church according to the theoretical framework of the deification analysis.
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41.Medved, Goran (2019). “Theosis (Deification) as a Biblical and Historical Doctrine,” in Kairos Evangelical Journal of Theology, Vol. XIII, No. 1. Zagreb, Croatia: Biblijski institut.
42.Medved, Goran (2019). “Theosis (Deification) as a New Testament and Evangelical Doctrine,” in KAIROS: Evangelical Journal of Theology, Vol. XIII, No. 2. Osijek : Evangelical Theological Seminary.
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肆、中文期刊論文
1.于中旻(1991),〈從聖經看福音預工〉,收錄於《金燈台活頁雙月刊》34 期,香港:金燈台。
2.史文森(Swanson, Allen J.)(1977),〈臺灣獨立教會〉,收錄於《基督教入華百七十年紀念集》,臺北:宇宙光。
3.李信毅、劉秋華(2014),〈從《人生的奧祕》談召會的救恩觀與宣教特色〉,收錄於《基督生命長成:現代中國本土基督教神學之發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
4.李銘倫(2013),〈臺灣「地方召會」之研究〉,國立中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所碩士論文。
5.李永義(2016),〈以《早期基督教教義》初代教父教會論觀點評論《教會論:全球導覽》當代神學處境教會論之 Non–Church Movement〉,魏理神學研究院碩士論文。
6.宋剛(2012),〈基要與本色之間:賈玉銘、王明道與倪柝聲思想比較芻議〉,收錄於《不死就不生:2011近現代中國基督教神學思想學術研討會論文集》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
7.徐弢,陶曉輝(2014),〈靈、魂、體三元論及其對華人教會的影響〉,收錄於《世界宗教研究》第4 期,北京:中國社會科學院世界宗教研究所。
8.姚蘊慧(2012),〈親密交通與社會資本-以倪柝聲思想應用於臺灣地方召會為例〉,收錄於《不死就不生:2011近現代中國基督教神學思想學術研討會論文集》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
9.周復初(2014),〈結論:基督生命長成〉,收錄於《基督生命長成:現代中國本土基督教神學之發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
10.周復初(2019),〈「人語」譯「神的話」之挑戰與因應─以πνεῦμα為例〉,收錄於《追求更好:論聖經翻譯》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
11.周復初、謝仁壽(2019),〈聖經根本隱喻oikonomia的漢譯研究〉,收錄於《追求更好:論聖經翻譯》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
12.段 琦(1999),〈中國基督教神學的構建〉,收錄於《世界宗教研究》1999年第3期,北京:世界宗教研究所。
13.郭承天(2012),〈民主的宗教基礎:新制度論的分析〉,收錄於《政治學報》第32期,臺北:中國政治學會。
14.郭承天(2016),〈回到華人本土神學的起初:聖經希臘文的教育〉,收錄於《認識耶穌,贏得基督:中國基督教之本土與全球發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
15.郭榮剛(2012),〈倪柝聲中國「地方教會」運動的本土化實踐:「建制重構」到「內核回歸」〉,收錄於《不死就不生:2011近現代中國基督教神學思想學術研討會論文集》,新北市:華宣。
16.郭韵璇、周復初(2019),〈修辭亦實際—聖經「身體」隱喻翻譯的重建〉,收錄於《追求更好:論聖經翻譯》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
17.張世忠(2013),〈中國本土神學對神化論之貢獻─聖靈同我們的靈〉,收錄於《「近現代基督教的中國化」國際學術研討會論文集》,福建:武夷學院。
18.張證豪(2015),〈臺灣眾召會的變遷(1984–2015):神學與教會組織之因素〉,國立政治大學宗教研究所碩士學位論文。
19.張證豪(2016),〈從全球化視野探討不同聖經譯本間的差異:以新約中的「ψυχή」為例〉,收錄於《認識耶穌,贏得基督:現代中國本土基督教神學之發展學術研討會論文集》,新北市 : 聖經資源中心。
20.張證豪(2018),〈召會在異文化地區的宣教與運作:以荷蘭的地方召會為例〉,收錄於《改變形像:中國基督教本土與全球發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
21.莊祖鯤(2012),〈宣教使命之再思與實踐〉,收錄於《大使命》第九十七期,加州:大使命中心。
22.許秀敏(2012),〈李常受教會觀之研究―「神的經營思想」之詮釋與實踐〉,中原大學宗教研究所碩士學位論文。
23.許宏度(2003),〈從新約的觀點看倪柝聲的聖靈觀〉,收錄於《屬靈實際的追尋─從聖經、歷史、神學看倪柝聲的思想》,臺北:中華福音神學院。
24.葉先秦、蔡彥仁(2020),〈移民與海外宣教:真耶穌教會近期的全球拓展〉,收錄於《中國基督教研究》第 14 期。洛杉磯:基督教與中國研究中心。
25.陳亦蘭、周復初(2016),〈結論:中國基督教之本土與全球發展〉,收錄於《認識耶穌,贏得基督:中國基督教之本土與全球發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
26.詹勛軍(2017),〈李常受之基督論研究〉,中原大學宗教研究所碩士學位論文。
27.蔡維民、吳銘達(2012),〈全球化思潮衝擊下倪柝聲教會觀的落實-以臺灣聚會所經驗為例〉,收錄於《不死就不生:2011近現代中國基督教神學思想學術研討會論文集》,新北市:聖經資源中心
28.瞿海源、袁憶平(2006),〈人格、刻板印象與教會的復振過程〉,收錄於《宗教、術數與社會變遷第二冊》。苗栗:桂冠圖書有限公司。
29.蘇遠泰(2005),〈人可以成神?──試論基督宗教意義下的成神觀〉,收錄於《道風:基督教文化評論》第二十二期。香港:漢語基督教文化研究所。
30.劉遠城(2016),〈召會的教會觀點對其發展的影響〉,收錄於《認識耶穌,贏得基督:中國基督教之本土與全球發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
31.劉遠城(2018),〈召會的核心神學觀點基督與教會之演變與影響〉,收錄於《改變形像:中國基督教本土與全球發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
32.謝仁壽、周復初(2013),〈教父傳統與中國本土神學的對照─神的經綸、神化和人的靈〉,收錄於《近現代基督教的中國化國際學術研討會論文集》,福建:中國社科院近代史所與福建師大。
33.謝仁壽、周復初(2014),〈經綸、神化、人的靈〉,收錄於《基督生命長成:現代中國本土基督教神學之發展》,新北市:聖經資源中心。
34.謝仁壽、周復初(2020),〈論加爾文和李常受「呼求主名」的教訓與實踐:基督教「終極處境」與中國化〉,收錄於《華人宗教研究》第十六期,臺北市:華人宗教中心。
35.譚光鼎、陳鸞鳳(2013),〈基督徒聚會處之本土化行動的解析—一個後現代觀點〉,收錄於《「近現代基督教的中國化」國際學術研討會論文集》,福建:武夷學院。

伍、其他資料或網頁資訊
1.Athanasius, ‘Defense of the Nicene Definition’, The Nicene and Post–Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, Series II, Volume IV, Eerdmans Publishing Co, 1979.
2.Athanasius, On the Incarnation.
3.Basil (1979). “Letters” The Nicene and Post–Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, Series II, Volume VIII, Eerdmans Publishing Co.
4.Dan Towle,〈「神人」訴訟案「專家證詞」─介言〉,1995 年 10 月 26 日,網址:https://cftfc.com/%E3%80%8C%E7%A5%9E%E4%BA%BA%E3%80%8D%E8%A8%B4%E8%A8%9F%E6%A1%88%E3%80%8C%E5%B0%88%E5%AE%B6%E8%AD%89%E8%A9%9E%E3%80%8D%E2%94%80%E4%BB%8B%E8%A8%80/,2021年5月30日瀏覽。
5.Fuller Theological Seminary,Fuller's Statement, January 5, 2006,網址:https://www.localchurches.org/recognition/fullers-statement/,2021年5月30日瀏覽。
6.Greek Orthodox Church, Community and Church of Canberra and District的〈Theosis〉,網址:https://www.saintnicholascanberra.org.au/orthodox-spirituality,2020年12月30日瀏覽。
7.Jamieson, R., Fausset, A. R. and Brown, David, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, 1871, https://www.biblestudytools.com/commentaries/jamieson-fausset-brown/ephesians/ephesians-1.html, 2020/12/15.
8.Melton, J. Gordon (1985), An Open Letter Concerning the Local Church, Witness Lee and “The God-Men” Controversy, The Institute for the Study of American Religion. 網址:https://contendingforthefaith.org/en/dr-j-gordon-melton-an-open-letter-concerning-the-local-church-witness-lee-and-the-god-men-controversy/,2021年5月30日瀏覽。
9. Passantino, Gretchen (2007),〈真道實踐會聲明「護教結論的再思:引“地方召會與水流職事站”為例」〉,網址:https://cftfc.com/%E7%9C%9F%E9%81%93%E5%AF%A6%E8%B8%90%E6%9C%83%E8%81%B2%E6%98%8E/,2021年5月30日瀏覽。
10.Philip and Henry Wace (eds), St. Cyril of Jerusalem and St. Gregory Nazianzen, The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, Series II, Volume IV, Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1979.
11.Vincent, M. R., Vincent's Word Studies, 1886, https://biblehub.com/commentaries/ephesians/1-23.htm,2020年12月15日瀏覽。
12.〈主恢復中相調的同工們〉署名信件,2005年6月30日。
13.王明道,《王明道文庫精選》,網址:http://www.cclw.net/other/wangmindao/wmd2/htm/chapter09.html,2019年12月3日瀏覽。
14.朱三才(1991),《1990年臺灣基督教會教勢報告》,臺中:基督教資料中心。
15.朱三才(2018),《2017年臺灣基督教會教勢報告》,臺中:基督教資料中心。
16.李容珍(2012),《基督教論壇報第3356期》,臺北:財團法人基督教論壇基金會。
17.李容珍、何毓芬(2013),〈領袖非強人,須一起配搭〉,《基督教論壇報》2013年4月,臺北:基督教論壇基金會。
18.李常受(1997),《一封感激、交通的信》。
19.吳佳玲(2013),〈針對異端 臺灣基督教界首度發表聯合聲明〉,《基督教今日報》2013年3月1日。參閱網址:https://www.cdn-news.org/news/3308,瀏覽日期:2021年5月30日。
20.唐崇榮,〈唐牧師歸正查經講座-希伯來書第二十九講〉,網址: http://www.cclw.net/other/tcr/xblscj/index.html,2020年1月18日瀏覽。
21.瑟瑞尼(Leon Seyranian),〈「神人」訴訟案判決書〉中文翻譯,參閱網址:http://mandel.synology.me/%E6%9B%B8%E5%A0%B1%E5%90%88%E8%BC%AF/gracefinder.com/folder/books/index372.html,2021年5月30日瀏覽。
22.簡汎佐(2009),〈海外來鴻〉,《竹訊》第248期2009年12月,新竹:新竹市召會。
23.臺灣福音書房編輯部(2004),〈2004全球華語新春特會現場報導〉,《臺北市召會週訊》第284期2004年2月,臺北:臺北市召會。
24.〈「彎曲心思者」出版商─湯瑪斯.尼爾森公司的撤銷聲明〉,參閱網址:https://cftfc.com/%E3%80%8C%E5%BD%8E%E6%9B%B2%E5%BF%83%E6%80%9D%E8%80%85%E3%80%8D%E5%87%BA%E7%89%88%E5%95%86%E2%94%80%E6%B9%AF%E7%91%AA%E6%96%AF-%E5%B0%BC%E7%88%BE%E6%A3%AE%E5%85%AC%E5%8F%B8%E7%9A%84%E6%92%A4%E9%8A%B7/,2021年5月30日瀏覽。
Description: 博士
國立政治大學
宗教研究所
104156504
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104156504
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[宗教研究所] 學位論文

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