Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/136549


Title: 實踐的GAYA: 水源文化健康站的太魯閣族文化照顧實作
Practicing Gaya: Truku cultural care works in Pajiq cultural health station
Authors: 柯哲瑜
Ke, Zhe-Yu
Contributors: 吳考甯
Courtney Work
柯哲瑜
Ke, Zhe-Yu
Keywords: 實踐的Gaya
療癒的Gaya
Gaya與照顧
太魯閣族文化照顧模型
太魯閣族文化健康站實作
照護殖民與解殖
Practicing Gaya
Healing Gaya
Gaya and Caring
Taroko(Truku) Cultural Care Model
Practice in Taroko(Truku) Cultural Care Health Station
Caring Colonization and Care for Decolonization.
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 15:56:46 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 此論文談討的核心主軸為,太魯閣族人世代傳承的GAYA如何影響了當代的照護實作。藉由這個提問,我爬梳與太魯閣族相關的人類學研究及田野調查的回饋,歸納出與健康有關的GAYA(下稱健康GAYA),分別為:追求個人及集體的強盛、力氣(BIYAX)、勤勞(MDRUMUT)、細心的照護(KLAWA)、尊重長者(MDRUDAN)、性的禁忌與性別意識、社會關係致病的疾病觀。
另外,我透過MADELEINE LEININGER創立的文化照顧模型,揭示了從日本到中華民國殖民政府對太魯閣族造成的結構性負面健康影響,並設定我的部落花蓮縣秀林鄉水源部落文化健康站為參與式觀察的據點,分別針對母語名字課程、古調音樂課程、運動課程、營養餐食、安全環境等五個面向進行深度訪談,取得長者對課程的想法以及他們個人的健康受損歷程,連結至殖民所帶來的結構性負面健康影響層次。
此論文的田野工作始於2019年結束在2021年,在照護需求與照護實作的來回對話裡,我們可以意識到健康GAYA如何影響著當代的照護實作,因而得到了提問的解答。
此論文有五個研究發現,一是我們可以意識到GAYA未曾因為殖民而消失,GAYA會在實踐當中浮現並且為當代的需求產出解釋。二是GAYA對於太魯閣族人有著療癒性的力量,逆反GAYA的政策則會造成傷害。三則是奠基於一跟二的研究發現,討論照護殖民與照護解殖的哲學性議題。四是重新檢證MADELEINE LEININGER的文化照顧理論提出四大偏誤:上層七大因素比重、上層因素因素之間的相互影響及關聯、上層親屬結構影響應是考慮因素的尺度,而非其中一個因素。下層三元素比重問題。五是改善四大偏誤提出從個人、家族與部落,生理心理到靈性的太魯閣族文化照顧模型。
How Gaya, which Taroko(Truku) people inherit for several centuries, influencing the caring practice in the contemporary is the main issue of this dissertation. I conclude the Gaya, that related to health knowledge, and named it as healthy Gaya. The outcome of healthy Gaya includes pursuing strong at both individual and collective level, Strenth(Biyax), Hard-working(Mdrumut), Attentive care(Klawa), Respect the elders(Mdrudan), Sex taboo and sexual awareness, The view of disease in the treatment of social relations.
Besides, I expose the structural and negative health impact to Taroko(Truku) people by the colonial government from the Japanese occupation to the Republic of China, with the cultural care model created by Madeleine Leininger. Set my tribe's cultural health station, located at Shuiyuan tribe in Xiulin Township, Hualien County, as a base for participatory observation. In-depth interviews were conducted on five aspects: native name course, ancient music course, exercise course, nutritious meals, and safe environment, respectively, to obtain the elderly's thoughts on the course and their personal health damage history, linking to the colonization brought about structural negative health impact levels.
The fieldwork started from 2019 to 2021; we can finally realize how healthy Gaya influences the caring practice in the back and forth dialogue between care needs and care implementation.
There are five research findings. First, Gaya has not disappeared due to colonization, and it will emerge in practice and produce explanations for current needs. The second is that Gaya has healing powers for the Taroko(Truku) people, and rebelling against Gaya's policies will cause harm. The third is based on one and two research findings, discussing the philosophical issues of caring colonization and care for decolonization. The fourth is to re-examine Madeleine Leininger’s cultural care theory and put forward four errors: proportion issue for seven factors at the upper level, the interaction between factor and factor at the upper level, kinship and social factor should be level to measure but not one of factor, and proportion issue for three elements at the below level. The fifth is to propose Taroko(Truku) cultural care model, which provides the aspect to define health care from size individual to family to tribe and from physical to mental to spiritual scale, after amended the four errors announced at the fourth research finding.
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2006太魯閣族生活方式之變遷-花蓮縣秀林鄉水源部落的個案研究tailugezu shenghuo fangshi zhi bianqian hualianxian xiulinxiang shuiyuan buluo de ge an yanjiu[The Changes in the Life Style of the Taroko Nationality: A Case Study of the Shuiyuan Tribe in Xiulin Township, Hualien County]。臺灣師範大學地理學系碩士論文taiwan shifan daxue dili xuexi shuoshi lunwen[Master Dissertation. Institute of Geography, National Taiwan Normal University.]
35. 程廷Cheng, Ting
2012近代太魯閣族部落空間變遷之研究─以alang Ciyakang(支亞干)為對象jindai tailugezu buluo kongjian bianqian zhi yanjiu yi zhi yagan wei duixiang[A Study on the Changes of the Taroko Tribe Space in Modern Times: Taking Tribe Ciyakang as an Object]。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所碩士論文taiwan daxue jianzhu yu chengxiang yanjiusuo shuoshi lunwen [Master Dissertation. Institute of building and planning, National Taiwan University.]
36. 黃筱晶, 怡懋‧蘇米, & 王雅青Huang Hsiao-ching, Sumi Yimao and Ya-ching Wang
2016以文化照顧概念初探原住民輔具運用之現況yi wenhua zhaogu gainian chutan yuanzhumin fuju yunyong zhi xiankuang[A Preliminary Probe into the Current Situation of Aboriginal Assistive Devices Using the Concept of Cultural Care]。 刊於[in] 刊於[in]台灣原住民族研究論叢taiwan yuanzhuminzu yanjiu[Taiwan Indigenous Stadies Review] (19), 153-177.
37. 葉高華Yeh, Kao-hua
2016分而治之:1931-1945年布農族與泛泰雅族群的社會網絡與集團移住fen er zhi zhi 1931-1945 nian bunongzu yu fan taiyazuqun de shehui wangluo yu jituan yizhu[Divide and Rule: Social Networks and Collective Relocations of Bunun and Pan-Atayal Tribes, 1931-1945]。刊於[in]臺灣史研究taiwan shi yanjiu[Taiwan History Studies] 23(4), 123-172.
38. 葉高華Yeh, Kao-hua
2017臺灣民眾的家庭語言選擇taiwan minzhong de jiating yuyan xuanze[Family Language Choice in Taiwan]。刊於[in]臺灣社會學刊taiwan shehui xuekan[Taiwanese Journal of Sociology](62), 59-111.
39. 廖守臣Liao, Shou-chen
1978泰雅族東賽德克群的部落遷徙與分布(下)taiyazu dong saidekequn de buluo qianxi yu fenbu xia[The Tribal Migration and Distribution of the Atayal East Saidiq Group (Part 2)]。刊於[in]中央研究院民族學研究所集刊zhongyang yanjiuyuan minzuxue yanjiusuo jikan[A compilation of data from the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica](44), 61-206.
40. 廖守臣Liao, Shou-chen
1998泰雅族的社會組織taiyazu de shehui zuzhi[Atayal Social Organization]。花蓮:私立慈濟醫學暨人文社會學院hualian sili ciji yixue ji renwen shehui xueyuan[Hualien: Private Tzu Chi school of medicine, humanities and social sciences ]
臺灣總督府警務局理蕃課taiwan zongdufu jingwu ju lifan ke[Indigenous Affairs Office of the Police Bureau of the Government of Taiwan during Japanese Occupation]
1938高砂族調查書第五編 蕃社概況 迷信gaoshazu diaocha shu di wu bian fanshe gaikuang mixin[Survey of the Gaosha Ethnic group, Part 5 General Situation of Fan Society Superstition],中央研究院民族學研究所編譯zhongyang yanjiuyuan minzuxue yanjiusuo bianyi [Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica ed]。臺北﹕中央研究院民族學研究所taibei: Zhongyang Yanjiuyuan Minzuxue Yanjiusuo [Taipei: Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica.]
41. 劉育玲Liu, Yu-ling
2005太魯閣族mhuni傳說初探tailugezu mhuni chuanshuo chutan[A Preliminary Study on the Mhuni Legend of the Taroko Nationality]。刊於[in]民間文學研究通訊minjian wenxue yanjiu tongxun[Folk Literature Research newsletter] (1), 17-34.
42. 潘繼道Pan, Ji-dao
2005國家, 區域與族群—臺灣後山奇萊地區原住民族群歷史變遷之研究 (1874—1945) guojia quyu yu zuqun taiwan houshan qilai diqu yuanzhumin zuqun lishi bianqian zhi yanjiu(1874-1945)[ Country, Region and Ethnic Group: A Study on the Historical Changes of the Indigenous Ethnic Groups in the Qilai Area of Houshan, Taiwan (1874-1945)]。台灣師範大學歷史學系博士論文taiwan shifan daxue lishi xuexi boshi lunwen[Doctoral Dissertation. Institute of History, National Normal University]
43. 蔡惠雅, & 張玉龍 Tsai, Hui-ya and Yu-lung Chang
2018省思文化照顧在原鄉部落社區照顧服務之實踐-南投縣三個族群部落的經驗xingsi wenhua zhaogu zai yuanxiang buluo shequ zhaogu fuwu zhi shijian nantou xian san ge zuqun bulou de jingyan[Reflection on the Practice of the Cultural Care in Indigenous Community Care Service: Experiences of Three Ethnic Groups in Nantou County]。刊於[in]台灣原住民族研究學報taiwan yuanzhuminzu yanjiu xuebao[Journal of Taiwan Indigenous Studies] 8(4), 149-178.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
民族學系
107259003
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107259003
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[民族學系] 學位論文

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