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Title: 婚姻對勞動市場表現的影響
The Effects of Marriage on Labor Market Outcomes
Authors: 黃新亞
Huang, Hsin-Ya
Contributors: 黃柏鈞
Huang, Po-Chun
Huang, Hsin-Ya
Keywords: 婚姻溢酬
Marriage Premium
Unobserved heterogeneity
Fixed Effect Model
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 15:59:27 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究主要探討婚姻狀態改變對臺灣男性與女性勞動市場表現的影響,本文採用2005年至2016年間的「華人家庭動態資料庫」的樣本資料,運用固定效果模型,藉此控制住男性與女性個體無法觀察到且不隨時間改變的特性,並考量相關影響的變數後,重新檢驗婚姻與勞動表現的關係。實證結果顯示,在固定效果模型下,臺灣的男性與女性兩者皆不存在顯著的婚姻溢酬。然而,結婚的確會對女性平均週工時與工作機率造成負面的影響,其效果是立即且持續的,但對男性則無影響。此外,婚姻對女性勞動參與的負面衝擊很大一部分是因為婚姻伴隨了小孩的出現-是否有小孩解釋了約80%的此負面影響。
This thesis estimates the impact of changes in marital status on Taiwanese male and female labor market outcomes. To control unobserved heterogeneity and do not change over time and analyze the relationship between marriage and labor market outcomes, data from the 2005-2016 Panel Study of Family Dynamics (PSFD) are investigated using fixed effect model. The empirical results show that there is no significant marriage premium between married men and married women in Taiwan under fixed effect model. Getting married has a negative impact on the average weekly working hours and working probability for female in the year of being married and the effect is immediate and persistent, while male are not affected. Further, I find that the negative impacts on female working probability and hours are largely (but not fully) driven by the presence of children-having children or not explains about 80% of this negative impact.
Reference: 李郁英(2014),《婚育與女性薪資研究》,國立臺北大學社會學系碩士論文。
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Description: 碩士
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Data Type: thesis
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