Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/136630


Title: 性別薪資差異:世界趨勢、學生軟實力和專業領域
Gender Wage Gap: World Trend, Soft Skills, and Fields of Study
Authors: 朱梅花
Zhu, Mei-Hua
Contributors: 邱美秀
Chiu, Mei-Shiu
朱梅花
Zhu, Mei-Hua
Keywords: 性別薪資差異
軟技能
大學專業
學測成績
不平等
gender wage gap
soft skill
college major
entrance score
inequality
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 16:13:38 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 勞動力市場的性別不平等是一個關鍵的全球性問題,性別薪資差異在許多國家的不同層面廣泛存在,數十年來一直是公眾關注的問題。前所未有的疫情加劇了國家內部和國家之間存在的收入不平等。而教育理應成為縮小薪資差距和收入不平等的工具,因此本文著重探索臺灣教育長期追蹤資料庫:後續調查(TEPS-B) 以及關於薪資差異的文獻,包含以下研究。
研究一針對1980年至2020年發表的性別薪資差異研究進行了文獻計量分析。它描繪了經濟、社會學和教育三個特定領域中性別薪資差異研究的主要發展及其隨時間的演變。隨後的兩項研究主要通過從TEPS-B中提取數據來研究台灣的相關情況。
研究二考察了TEPS-B中的學業成績和軟技能的性別差異,及其對性別薪資差異的影響。它通過分析相關數據來呈現性別薪資差異的狀況,以及基於社會文化理論的潛在解釋,從而提供了一些關於性別薪資差異的見解。
研究三擴展了研究二的研究,進一步探討了大學專業學門對收入、學業成績和軟技能的性別差異的調節作用。最後,第五章通過總結三項研究的發現來概述論文,並提出對未來研究和教育實踐的啟示。
Gender inequality in the labour market is a key global issue, the gender wage gap is widely existed at different levels in many countries and has been a public concern over decades. The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the earning inequality existing both within and across countries. Education is expected to be the great equalizer that narrows the gap and shrinks the income inequality. This thesis presents three studies on gender wage gap.
Study 1 reports on a bibliometric analysis of gender wage gap research published from 1980 to 2020. It delineates the main development of gender wage gap research in three specific fields of economy, sociology, and education, and its evolution over time. The subsequent two studies primarily focused on Taiwan context by extracting data from Taiwan Education Panel Survey and Beyond (TEPS-B).
Study 2 examines the gender difference in academic achievement and soft skills in higher education, and their impact on gender wage gap. It provides some insights on gender wage gap by presenting new empirical estimates to illustrate the extent of the gender wage gap and their potential explanations based on sociocultural theory.
Lastly, Study 3 extends from the previous study and further examines moderating effects of college major on gender differences in income, academic achievement, and soft skills. Finally, Chapter 5 concludes the thesis by summarizing findings across the three studies and proposes implications for future research and educational practice.
Reference: Chapter 1
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Chapter4
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Chapter5
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Landivar, L. C., Ruppanner, L., Scarborough, W. J., & Collins, C. (2020). Early signs indicate that COVID-19 is exacerbating gender inequality in the labor force. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, 6, 2378023120947997. https://doi.org/10.1177/2378023120947997
Reardon, S.F. (2013). The widening income achievement gap. Educational Leadership, 70 (8), 10–16. https://www.gc.cuny.edu/CUNY_GC/media/LISCenter/2019%20Inequality%20by%20the%20Numbers/Instructor%20Readings/Conwell-2.pdf
Wood, W., & Eagly, A. H. (2012). Chapter two - Biosocial construction of sex differences and similarities in behavior. In J. M. Olson & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 46, pp. 55–123). Academic Press. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394281-4.00002-7
Description: 博士
國立政治大學
教育學系
107152518
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107152518
Data Type: thesis
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