Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/136631


Title: 臺灣憂鬱情緒量表之後設分析
Meta-Analysis of Taiwan Depression Scale
Authors: 黃舒靜
Huang, Shu-Jing
Contributors: 余民寧
Yu, Min-Ning
黃舒靜
Huang, Shu-Jing
Keywords: 臺灣憂鬱情緒量表
幸福感
心理資本
壓力
後設分析
Taiwan Depression Scale
well-being
psychological capital
stress
meta-analysis
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 16:13:55 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 我們現今所處的時代是被「憂鬱」所宰制的年代,「憂鬱」對於現代人來說是不陌生的文明病,有鑑於憂鬱疾患對現代社會的負面影響,本研究旨在探討余民寧等人(2008)所發展的「臺灣憂鬱情緒量表」(Taiwan Depression Scale, TDS)在臺灣的施測現況。研究方法採用後設分析法(Meta-Analysis)分析臺灣憂鬱情緒量表歷年的施測數據。本研究共納入39篇文獻(43項研究),總共29524人,並探究5個調節變項。研究結果發現:(1)臺灣人整體上有低度至中度憂鬱情緒程度,比例上約有6%至12%的潛在憂鬱疾患高危險群。(2)臺灣憂鬱情緒量表與幸福感量表的關聯性最強,具有中度的負向關係。(3)調節變項以地區、年齡層、職業別、性別、出版類別影響憂鬱情緒與其他心理特質之關係,且仍存在其他潛在的未知變項。
基於上述之研究結論,本研究以(1)教育實務,以及(2)未來研究提出研究建議,並呼籲臺灣民眾重視自身之心理健康狀態。
The era we are engaged in is being dominated by “depression”. It is a disease of affluence that is no stranger to us modern society. Regarding the negative impact depressive disorders have on modern society, this study aims to investigate the test administration of Taiwan Depression Scale (TDS), developed by Yu et al. (2008). Meta-analysis was adopted as the research method of this research in order to analyze the data assessed by Taiwan Depression Scale over the years. An inclusion of 39 literature (43 studies), resulting in 29524 samples, was used to investigate 5 moderator variables. Research results were found as follows: (1) The depressed level of Taiwanese were low to medium, with a rate around 6% to 12% being the latent population at high risk of depressive disorders. (2) The relationship between Taiwan Depression Scale and Well-being Scales were the greatest, indicating a medium negative relationship. (3) Moderators including regions, age levels, occupations, gender, and publication types affect the relationship between depression and other psychological traits, with the existence of further unknown latent variables remain to be found.
In accordance with research conclusions mentioned above, the researcher proposed several research suggestions in (1) educational practice and (2) further research. The appeal for paying more attention to the psychological health status of people in Taiwan is made by the researcher.
Reference: 註:文獻前有標示*號者,即為納入本研究分析之文獻資料。

壹、中文部分
王如芬(2005)。大學生知覺之父母婚姻關係、親子關係與其愛情關係中衝突因應方式之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺中師範學院諮商與教育心理研究所。
王慶福、林幸台、張德榮(1997)。人際依附風格、性別角色取向與人際親密能力之評量。測驗年刊,44(2),63-78。
*石佳宜(2015)。工作壓力及職場疲勞對保險業務員憂鬱相關因素之探討(未出版之碩士論文)。亞洲大學健康產業管理學系健康管理組碩士在職專班。
*余民寧(2013)。「顛峰型」教師之研究。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究成果報告(編號:NSC102-2410-H-004-191-SS2),未出版。
余民寧(2015)。幸福心理學:從幽谷邁向巔峰之路。心理。
*余民寧、許嘉家、陳柏霖(2010)。中小學教師工作時數與憂鬱的關係:主觀幸福感的觀點。教育心理學報,42(2),229-251。
*余民寧、劉育如、李仁豪(2008)。臺灣憂鬱症量表的實用決斷分數編製報告。教育研究與發展期刊,4(4),231-257。
余民寧、黃馨瑩、劉育如(2011)。「台灣憂鬱症量表」心理計量特質分析報告。測驗學刊,58(3),479-500。
*余民寧、陳柏霖(2010)。健康促進與憂鬱之關係。高雄師大學報:教育與社會科學類,29,73-99。
*余民寧、陳柏霖(2014)。幸福感教學對促進大學生正向心理的改變。教育學報, 42(1),1-26。
*余民寧、陳柏霖(2016)。解開幸福的秘密:正向比值是一個關鍵。學校行政105,133-151。
*余民寧、陳柏霖、許嘉家(2010)。教師憂鬱傾向的影響因素之研究。輔導與諮商學報,32(2),73-97。
*余民寧、陳柏霖、許嘉家、鐘珮純、趙珮晴(2012)。自覺健康狀態、健康責任、情緒幸福感及憂鬱關係之調查。屏東教育大學學報-教育類,38,199-226。
*余民寧、陳柏霖、陳玉樺(2017)。量表長度簡化研究:「簡式中小學教師主觀幸福感量表」修訂。教育研究與發展期刊,13(4),27-56。
*余民寧、陳柏霖、陳玉樺(2018)。巔峰型教師的樣貌:圓滿幸福、知覺工作壓力、靈性幸福感及心理健康之關係。教育心理學報,50(1),1-30。
*余民寧、陳柏霖、許嘉家、鍾珮純、趙珮晴(2012)。教師心理健康狀態類型之初探。學校衛生,60,31-59。
*余民寧、陳柏霖、湯雅芬(2012)。大學生心理資本量表編製及其相關因素之研究。教育研究與發展期刊,8(4),19 -52。
*余民寧、謝進昌、林士郁、陳柏霖、曾筱婕(2011)。教師主觀幸福感模式建構與驗證之研究。測驗學刊,58(1),55-85。
*余民寧、鐘珮純、陳柏霖、許嘉家、趙珮晴(2011)。教師健康行為、評價性支持與憂鬱傾向之關係:以主觀幸福感為中介變項。健康促進與衛生教育學報,35,23-48。
*呂孟庭(2015)。大學生Facebook使用行為、主觀幸福感與憂鬱情緒之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系碩士班。
李如雪(2008)。大學生身體意象與自我概念之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學生命教育與健康促進研究所。
李明濱(2018)。什麼是心情溫度計、如何使用心情溫度計。載於李明濱(主編),自殺防治系列:12心情溫度計(1-18)。社團法人台灣自殺防治學會暨全臺灣自殺防治中心。取自https://www.tsos.org.tw/media/3438
李昱(1999)。「高雄地區憂鬱症流行病學調查」:I.「台灣人憂鬱篩選問卷」之發展。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告(編號:NSC 88-2413-H-182A-001),未出版。
李澄賢(2004)。大學生的情緒調節、調節焦點、樂觀與創造力之關係(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系碩士班。
*巫姿嫺(2011)。大學生生活壓力、心理資本與憂鬱之關係(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系碩士班。
*林升堯(2020)。大學生自我概念、憂鬱傾向與網路成癮之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立嘉義大學輔導與諮商學系研究所碩士班。
*林良奉(2019)。台灣成人的宗教參與行為對憂鬱情緒的影響:以心理資本為中介變項(未出版之碩士論文)。玄奘大學應用心理學系碩士班。
*林威廷(2016)。正向心理介入方案對促進大學生幸福感影響之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系碩士班。
馬信行(2007)。後設分析之方法論問題之探討。αβγ量化研究學刊,1,170-183。
*徐雅雯(2013)。碩士生的人格特質、情緒調節策略與憂鬱之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系碩士班。
陳玉樺(2018)。回首向前,轉念成春:反芻思考、未來時間觀與寬恕之關係(未出版之博士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系教育心理與輔導組博士班。
*陳柏霖(2012)。邁向未來:大學生用心、心理資本與心理健康之關係(未出版之博士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系教育心理與輔導組博士班。
*陳柏霖(2015)。建構幸福感教學模式融入情緒心理學課程。教育學報, 43(2),89-114。
*陳柏霖、余民寧(2015)。從幽谷邁向巔峰:臺灣民眾心理健康的分布。成人及終身教育學刊,24,35-65。
陳柏霖、余民寧(2017)。享受生活片刻的能力:用心學習、品味能力及圓滿人生之關係。教育與心理研究,40(1),57-86。
*陳柏霖、洪兆祥、余民寧(2014)。大學生心理資本與憂鬱之關係:以情緒幸福感為中介變項。教育研究與發展期刊,10(4),23-46。
*陳柏霖、何慧卿、高旭繁(2016)。大一巔峰型新生學校生活適應、心理資本及心理健康之關係。教育與心理研究,39(2),27-59。
陳景花(2018)。正向心理學介入對幸福與憂鬱效果之視覺化文獻回顧與後設分析。(未出版之博士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系教育心理與輔導組博士班。
陸洛(1997)。工作壓力之歷程:理論與研究的對話。中華心理衛生學刊,10(4),19-51。
*張乃皓(2019)。大學生自我效能與憂鬱之關係:以未來時間觀及品味為雙中介與遠程中介檢定。(未出版之碩士論文)。玄奘大學應用心理學系碩士班。
張仁和、林以正、黃金蘭(2011)。中文版「止觀覺察注意量表」之信效度分析。測驗學刊,58,235-260。
張紹勳(2014)。Meta分析實作:使用Excel與CMA程式。臺北:五南出版。
*張雅雯(2019)。社會支持、幸福感與憂鬱連結之探討-以已婚婦女為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系碩士班。
張豫立(2012)。基層警察人員工作壓力與因應策略之研究─以基隆市警察局各分駐、派出所為例(未出版之碩士論文)。經國管理暨健康學院健康產業管理研究所。
*許瑞中(2020)。警察人員工作壓力、憂鬱情緒與心理資本之關係(未出版之碩士論文)。中央警察大學行政管理研究所碩士班。
*彭怡菁(2013)。藉由瑜珈運動改善老年人憂鬱症之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北醫學大學醫學資訊研究所。
黃淑儀、宋惠娟(2016)。憂鬱之概念分析。榮總護理,33(3),204-211。
*詹明芬(2013)。大學生親子關係、解釋風格與憂鬱傾向之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺中教育大學諮商與應用心理學系碩士班。
*楊重城(2020)。正念減壓對情緒幸福感、憂鬱、與正念之效益(未出版之碩士論文)。開南大學健康照護管理學院健康照護技術碩士班。
楊淑貞、林邦傑、沈湘縈(2007)。禪坐之自我療癒力及其對壓力、憂鬱、焦慮與幸福感影響之研究。玄奘佛學研究,7,63-103。
楊晴如(2009)。大學生生活壓力、解釋風格與情緒幸福感之關係研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系碩士班。
葉婉榆、鄭雅文、陳美如、邱文祥(2008)。職場疲勞量表的編製與信效度分析。台灣公共衛生雜誌,27(5),349-364。
*趙于萱(2017)。成人自我悲憫與憂鬱之關係研究:以巔峰幸福感為中介變項(未出版之碩士論文)。玄奘大學應用心理學系碩士班。
*趙奕霽(2014)。同性戀族群自我分化程度、內化恐同傾向與憂鬱症狀之探索性研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立東華大學諮商與臨床心理學系碩士班。
*熊師瑤(2020)。To stay or not to stay? 軍校生恆毅力概念建構研究(未出版之博士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系教育心理與輔導組博士班。
鄧景宜、曾旭民、李怡禎、游朝舜(2011)。International English Big-Five Mini-Markers之繁體中文版量表發展。管理學報,28(6),77-113。
*賴志超、蘇倫慧(2015)。正念、自我療癒力與心理適應:自我悲愍與自我貶抑的中介效果。中華輔導與諮商學報,42,93-124。
*鐘珮純、余民寧、許嘉家、陳柏霖、趙珮晴(2013)。從幽谷邁向巔峰:教師的心理健康狀態類型與促進因子之探索。教育心理學報,44(3),629-646。
顏如佑、柯志鴻、楊明仁、施春華、黃維仲、廖瑛鈿、李明濱(2005)。台灣人憂鬱量表與簡式症狀量表使用於大規模社區憂鬱症個案篩選之比較。北市醫學雜誌,2(8),737-744。
盧孟良、車先蕙、張尚文、沈武典(2002)。中文版貝克憂鬱量表第二版之信度和效度。台灣精神醫學,16(4),301-310。
劉紀谷(2008)。大學生自我分化與社交焦慮之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學教育學系碩士班。
劉彥君、藍玉玲、劉志如、周育如(2008)。認知行爲團體治療對憂鬱症狀緩解之成效:近十年之統合分析。中華心理學刊,50(4),383-402。
*劉豈陌(2018)。大學生依附風格、社會支持與憂鬱之關係研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學輔導與諮商碩士學位學程。
謝進昌、陳敏瑜(2011)。國內教育、心理後設分析研究出版偏誤檢定之實徵分析。測驗學刊,58(2),391-422。
藍菊梅(2008)。大學生困擾揭露、非社會支持反應與焦慮及憂鬱之關係研究(未出版之博士論文)。國立高雄師範大學輔導與諮商研究所。
*龔敬凱(2014)。成年人心理位移、正念與憂鬱傾向關係之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立高雄師範大學輔導與諮商研究所。

貳、外文部分
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition: DSM-5. Author.
Bakker, D. J., Lyons, S. T., & Conlon, P. D. (2017). An exploration of the relationship between psychological capital and depression among first-year doctor of veterinary medicine students. Journal of veterinary medical education, 44(1), 50-62.
Batz, C., & Tay, L. (2018). Gender differences in subjective well-being. In E. Diener, S. Oishi, & L. Tay (Eds.), Handbook of well-being. DEF Publishers.
Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. Guilford Press.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. Psychological Corporation.
Beck, A. T., Ward, C. H., Mendelsohn, M., Mock, J., & Erbaugh, J. (1961). An inventory for measuring depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 4, 561-571.
Beckham, E. E., & Leber, W. R. (Eds.). (1995). Handbook of depression (2nd ed.). Guilford Press.
Borenstein, M., Hedges, L. V., Higgins, J. P. T., & Rothstein, H. R. (2009). Introduction to meta-analysis. John Wiley & Sons.
Boyle, C. C., Stanton, A. L., Ganz, P. A., Crespi, C. M., Bower, J. E. (2017). Improvements in emotion regulation following mindfulness meditation: Effects on depressive symptoms and perceived stress in younger breast cancer survivors. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 85(4), 397-402.
Brems, C., Johnson, M. E. (1989). Problem-solving appraisal and coping style: The influence of sex-role orientation and gender. The Journal of Psychology, 123(2), 187-194.
Bundy, M., W. (1952, July). Untitled [Review of the book The Elizabethan malady: A study of melancholia in English literature from 1580 to 1642, by L. Babb] Shakespeare Quarterly, 3(3), 275-278.
Burton, R. (2005). The Anatomy of Melancholy, What it is: With all the Kinds, Causes, Symptomes, Prognostickes, and Several Cures of it. In Three Maine Partitions with their several Sections, Members, and Subsections. Philosophically, Medicinally, Historically, Opened and Cut Up. Retrieved from https://quod.lib. umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?type=simple&c=moa&sid=68ad62caf649dd14&q1=Anatomy%20of%20Melancholy&rgn=full%20text&firstpubl1=1800&firstpubl2=1925&view=header&cc=moa&idno=ACM8939.0001.001 (Original work published 1621)
Cavus, M., & Gokcen, A. (2015). Psychological capital: Definition, components and effects. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 5(3), 244-255.
Cheung, M. W. -L. (2015). Meta-analysis: A structural equation modeling approach. John Wiley & Sons.
Christopher, G., & MacDonald, J. (2005). The impact of clinical depression on working memory. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 10(5), 379-399.
Clarke, R. J., & Macrae, R. (1988). Coffee: Physiology. Elsevier Applied Science.
Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (Revised ed.). Academic Press.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Cooper, H. M. (1979). Statistically combining independent studies: A meta-analysis of sex differences in conformity research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(1), 131-146.
Cuijpers, P., van Straten, A., Andersson, G., & van Oppen, P. (2008). Psychotherapy for depression in adults: a meta-analysis of comparative outcome studies. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 76(6), 909-922.
Cuijpers, P. (2017). Four decades of outcome research on psychotherapies for adult depression: An overview of a series of meta-analyses. Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne, 58(1), 7-19.
Cuijpers, P., Cristea, I. A., Karyotaki, E., Reijnders, M., & Hollon, S. D. (2019). Component studies of psychological treatments of adult depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychotherapy Research : Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, 29(1), 15-29.
Desouky, D., & Allamb, H. (2017). Occupational stress, anxiety and depression among Egyptian teachers. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 7(3),191-198.
Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542-575.
Diener, E., Emmons R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985) The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75.
Diener, E. D., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276-302.
Elbay R. Y., Kurtulmuş, A., Arpacıoğlu, S., Karadere, E. (2020). Depression, anxiety, stress levels of physicians and associated factors in Covid-19 pandemics. Psychiatry Research, 290, 1-5.
Fisher, J. W. (2010). Development and application of a spiritual well-being questionnaire called SHALOM. Religions, 1(1), 105-121.
Fisher, R. A. (1928). Statistical methods for research workers (2nd ed.). Oliver & Boyd.
Glass, G. V. (1976). Primary, secondary, and meta-analysis of research. Educational Researcher, 5(10), 3-8.
Glass, G. V. (1977). Integrating findings: The meta-analysis of research. Review of Research in Education, 5, 351-379.
Glass, G. V., McGaw, B., & Smith, M. L. (1981). Meta-analysis in social research. Sage.
Goldring, E. (2005). ‘So lively a portraiture of his miseries’: Melancholy, mourning and the Elizabethan malady. The British Art Journal, 6(2), 12-22.
Hammen C. (2006). Stress generation in depression: Reflections on origins, research, and future directions. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(9), 1065–1082.
Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. Academic Press.
Holmes, T. H., & Rahe, R. H. (1967). The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 11(2), 213-218.
Hunter, J. E., & Schmidt, F. L. (1990). Methods of meta-analysis: Correcting error and bias in research findings. Sage.
Hunter, J. E., Schmidt, F. L., & Jackson, G. B. (1982). Meta-analysis: Cumulating research findings across studies. Sage.
Huppert, F. A., & So, T. T. C. (2013). Flourishing across Europe: Application of a new conceptual framework for defining well-being. Social Indictor Research, 110, 837–861.
Ilsley J. E., Moffoot, A. P. R., & O' Carroll, R. E. (1995). An analysis of memory dysfunction in major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 35(1-2), 1-9.
Jain, H., & Singh, R. (2016). Developing psychological capital through mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy. Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing, 7(1), 79-84.
Keyes, C. L. M. (1998). Social well-being. Social Psychology Quarterly, 61(2), 121-140.
Keyes, C. L. M. (2005). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 539-548.
Kleinman, A. & Good, B. (1985). Introduction: Culture and depression. University of California Press.
Kuppens, P., Van Mechelen, I., & Rijmen, F. (2008). Toward disentangling sources of individual differences in appraisal and anger. Journal of Personality, 76(4), 969-1000.
Lazarus, R. (1990). Theory-based stress measurement. Psychological Inquiry, 1(1), 3-13.
Lee, M. B., Liao, S. C., Lee, Y. J., Wu, C. H., Tseng, M. C., Gau, S. F., & Rau, C. L. (2003). Development and verification of validity and reliability of a short screening instrument to identify psychiatric morbidity. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 102(10), 687–694.
Lee, Y., Yang, M. J., Lai, T. J., Chiu, N. M., & Chau, T. T. (2000). Development of the Taiwanese depression questionnaire. Chang Gung Medical Journal, 23(11), 688–694.
Levis, B., Negeri, Z., Sun, Y., Benedetti, A., & Thombs, B. D. (2020). Accuracy of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) for screening to detect major depression among pregnant and postpartum women: Systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 371, 1-11.
Liu, Y., Li, T., Guo, L., Zhang, R., Feng, X., Liu, K. (2017). The mediating role of sleep quality on the relationship between perceived stress and depression among the elderly in urban communities: A cross-sectional study. Public Health, 149, 21-27.
Lu, L., & Lin, Y. Y. (1998). Family roles and happiness in adulthood. Personality and Individual Differences, 25, 195-207.
Luhmann, M., Hofmann, W., Eid, M., & Lucas, R. E. (2012). Subjective well-being and adaptation to life events: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(3), 592–615.
Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., Avey, J. B., & Norman, S. M. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 60(3), 541–572.
Luthans, F., Luthans, K. W., & Luthans, B. C. (2004). Positive psychological capital: Beyond human and social capital. Business Horizons, 47(1), 45-50
Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2004). Human, social, and now positive psychological capital management: Investing in people for competitive advantage. Organizational Dynamics, 33(2), 143–160.
Mark, G., & Smith, A. P. (2018). Coping and its relation to gender, anxiety, depression, fatigue, cognitive difficulties and somatic symptoms. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 25(4), 1-22.
Merenda, P. F. (2010). Toward a four-factor theory of temperament and/or personality. Journal of Personality Assessment, 51(3), 367-374.
Moeenizadeh, M., & Salagame, K. K. K. (2010). The impact of well-being therapy on symptoms of depression. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 2(2), 223-230.
Neff, K. D. (2003). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2(3), 223-250.
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1990). Sex differences in depression. Stanford University Press.
Ohmae S. (2012). Seishin shinkeigaku zasshi, 114(8), 886–905.
Orwin, R. G. (1983). A fail-safe N for effect size in meta-analysis. Journal of Educational Statistics, 8(2), 157–159.
Oltmanns, T. F., Emery, R. E. (1998). Abnormal Psychology (2nd ed.). Prentice-Hall.
Pocklington, C., Gilbody, S., Manea, L., & McMillan, D. (2016). The diagnostic accuracy of brief versions of the Geriatric Depression Scale: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 31(8), 837–857.
Pearson, K. (1904). Report on certain enteric fever inoculation statistics. British Medical Journal, 2(2288), 1243–1246.
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385-401.
Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., & Wrightsman, L. S. (1991). Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes: Volume 1 of measures of social psychological attitudes. Academic Press.
Ryff, C. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 1069-1081.
Rosenthal, R. (1984). Meta-analytic procedures for social research. Sage.
Rosenthal, R. (1983). Assessing the statistical and social importance of the effects of psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51(1), 4–13.
Rosenthal, R. (1979). The file drawer problem and tolerance for null results. Psychological Bulletin, 86(3), 638–641.
Rosenthal, R., & Rubin, D. (1982). Comparing effect sizes of independent studies. Psychological Bulletin, 92(2), 500-504.
Seligman, M. E. P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5–14.
Shahar, G., Joiner Jr., T. E., Zuroff, D. C., & Blatt, S. J. (2004). Personality, interpersonal behavior, and depression: Co-existence of stress-specific moderating and mediating effects. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(7), 1583–1596.
Sin, N. L., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2009). Enhancing well-being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: A practice-friendly meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(6), 467-487.
Song, R., Sun, N., & Song, X. (2019). The efficacy of psychological capital intervention (PCI) for depression from the perspective of positive psychology: A pilot study. Frontiers In Psychology, 10, 1-6.
Sowa, C. J., & Lustman, P. J. (1984). Gender differences in rating stressful events, depression, and depressive cognition. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(6), 1334–1337.
Telles-Correia, D., & Marques, J. G. (2015). Melancholia before the twentieth century: Fear and sorrow or partial insanity? Frontiers in Psychology, 6(81). 1-4.
van Wyk, R. (2013). The manifestation of familiness resources and psychological capital as familiness capital: A conceptual analysis. International Business & Economics Research Journal (IBER), 12(9), 1021-1040.
Vilagut, G., Forero, C. G., Barbaglia, G., & Alonso, J. (2016). Screening for depression in the general population with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D): A systematic review with meta-analysis. Plos One, 11(5), 1-17.
Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070.
Wilson, W. R. (1967). Correlates of avowed happiness. Psychological Bulletin, 67(4), 294–306.
World Health Organization [WHO] (2017). Depression and other common mental disorders. World Health Organization.
World Health Organization [WHO] (2001). The world health report: Chapter 2. Burden of mental and behavioral disorders. World Health Organization.
Wolf, F. M. (1986). Meta-analysis: Quantitative methods for research synthesis. Sage.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
教育學系
108152001
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0108152001
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.



All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing