Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/136748


Title: 接軌國際的幻象:藉布赫迪厄共謀觀點探討貸款赴外交換學生的「動機」
The Cosmopolitan Illusio;or, Why Are We Having an Exchange Study Through a Loan?
Authors: 傅威
Fu, Wei
Contributors: 劉慧雯
Liu, Hui-Wen
傅威
Fu, Wei
Keywords: 文化資本
世界主義
交換學生
社會軌跡
結構與能動性
Cosmopolitanism
Cultural capital
Exchange study
Social trajectory
Structure and agency
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 16:41:44 (UTC+8)
Abstract:   全球化發展令人們越來越重視參與國際事務的視野與能力,起碼對國人來說,「跟國際接軌」是一種無所不在的想望與焦慮。本研究關注的便是這樣一種現象——或曰,這樣一種對「接軌國際」的趨之若鶩——從何而來,目的又在於將人們帶往何處(是帶領個體走向成功的投資,社會責任對個體的勒索,或純粹是個體的自我實現)。本研究選擇關注其中一種相對特定的實踐形式:貸款出國當交換學生。這樣的手段同時帶有經濟上的投資期待,卻又在缺乏穩定人力資本回報上,帶有純粹追求自我實現的意義。

  透過深度訪談法,本研究訪問八名貸款赴外交換學生,探究形塑其等赴外理想的過往背景,以及遠赴他國的實際心路歷程。藉由布赫迪厄的生成性結構主義思維,及其場域—資本—慣習三位一體的解析方式,本研究欲理解實踐方式如何萌生於生命歷程,並瞭解這實際為他們帶來什麼樣的社會意義。

  研究發現,自幼浸淫於文化場域內無所不在的世界主義思維,實為「接軌國際」信念普遍存在於大眾心中的主要原因。其次,作為一種世界主義素養的追求,「接軌國際」實為一種文化資本的追求,故非傳統意義上的經濟投資。然而,正因世界主義素養是為一種文化資本,並在社會上廣泛受到接納,這種特殊資本實有點石成金,換取經濟資本的能力。
As globalization continues, the importance of having the ability to interact with foreign others and navigate through transnational environments is now without a doubt. And, the desire and anxiety of “becoming cosmopolitan” are – here in Taiwan at least – all-pervasive in everyday life. This very phenomenon is the major concern of this thesis in which we explore what it brings on to us – be it an investment that leads to social success, a social responsibility, or just an actualization of one’s aspiration to become a better self? We pay attention to a specific kind of cosmopolitan practice, “having an exchange study through a loan,” as it signifies an economic expect of return – which is the nature of loaning – and the pure pursuit of self-actualization – as it lacks a stable human capital return rate - at the same time.

To this end, we conducted an in-depth interview with 8 then-students having their exchange study through a loan. We focus on the life experiences that drove each of their decision to go abroad and the stories of what was happening during their times away. Drawing on the theoretical framework of Pierre Bourdieu, we examine how their aspiration of cosmopolitanism has been shaped through each of their social trajectories, and what are the social effects on them of what they have done.

In lieu of a conclusion, we pointed out that the omnipresent nature of cosmopolitanism within cultural fields is the reason why “becoming cosmopolitan” a desirable goal for the majority. And, we found that venturing on cosmopolitanism disposition is itself economical of a certain kind of cultural logic – rather than a traditional logic of economics kind. Nevertheless, due to the fact that cosmopolitanism disposition as cultural capital is widely recognized locally and globally, we believe the acquisition of it does make some hard money afterwards.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
傳播學院傳播碩士學位學程
105464040
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105464040
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[傳播學院傳播碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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