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Title: 馬來西亞降低投票年齡政策始末 (2016 – 2019) - 約翰金敦之多元流架構觀點
Lowering the Voting Age in Malaysia (2016 – 2019) – A Perspective of John Kingdon’s Multiple Streams Framework
Authors: 周家慧
Chow, Karen Kai Wai
Contributors: 吳得源
Wu, Der-Yuan
Chow, Karen Kai Wai
Keywords: 公共政策
public policy
policy process
voting age
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 16:43:27 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 2019年7月16日馬來西亞議會一致地通過憲法增修法案將法定投票年齡從21歲降低至18歲。投票改革的想法在 2017 年出現,接著在 2019 年迅速被採納。本研究探討了這項改革的議程設置過程,以了解該想法如何被推進到決策議程。本研究採用約翰金敦之多元流架構觀點來辨識問題、政策、政治流、關鍵人物和政策窗中引領降低投票年齡作為議程的因素和特徵。研究結果顯示該框架的屬性是顯而易見的,但指出本研究存在一些限制。該研究為約翰金敦的多元流架構觀點提供了理論上的見解。
The Parliament of Malaysia passed the Constitution (Amendment) Bill 2019 unanimously on July 16, 2019, to lower the voting age from twenty-one years old to eighteen years old. The voting reform idea emerged in 2017 before it was swiftly adopted in 2019. This study explores the agenda-setting process for this reform to understand how the idea advanced to the decision agenda. The study uses John Kingdon's multiple streams framework to identify the factors and characteristics in problem, policy, and political stream, key individuals, and policy windows that lead to lowering the voting age as agenda. The results show that the framework's attributes are evident but suggest some limitations on the study. The study contributes theoretical insights into Kingdon’s multiple streams framework.
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