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Title: 《咆哮山莊》中的凝視、權力消長與和解
The Gaze, Power Shifting and the Reconciliation in Wuthering Heights
Authors: 彭詠翎
Peng, Yung-Ling
Contributors: 黃涵榆
陳音頤

Han-yu Huang
Eva Chen

彭詠翎
Peng, Yung-Ling
Keywords: 艾蜜莉.布朗忒
咆哮山莊
權力消長
凝視
空間
社會結構
Emily Brontë
Wuthering Heights
Power shifting
The gaze
Space
Social structures
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-09-02 15:26:20 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 我嘗試在《咆哮山莊》錯綜複雜的角色關係中,尋找可以分析權力關係的介質。探討凝視可以解釋人物動機,以及角色間豐沛的情感。因此從各種角度做文本分析,在第一章,從凝視的觀點,讀者可以發現在社會結構底下被人物隱藏所的心思。然而,社會脈絡不完全限制角色的發展,論文的第二章展現藉由觀察人物的凝視,人物間的權力運作關係顯而易見。以奈莉為例,她並非來自於上層家族,卻可以影響書中人物的命運。她充分利用職位的權力影響身邊的人們。在社會結構底下,角色們隱藏了他們的心思還有內心意志。凝視顯露了角色的內心意識,像是凱瑟琳生病時的意識焦點。凝視的動作也可以捕捉流動的意識,像是凱瑟琳預測了伊莎貝拉的未來。不過這些隱藏的部分,因為凝視得以被了解。最後,凝視成為生者與死者間溝通的媒介。舉例來說,凱瑟琳死後仍盤踞著咆哮山莊,不斷地提醒著希斯克里夫她的存在。希思克里夫能看見凱瑟琳的鬼魂,則讓他保持復仇的意圖。最後,藉由凝視,咆嘯山莊和畫眉田莊的第二代讓兩家得以和解。
Among the intricacy of the relationship between the characters in Wuthering Heights, I look for a medium to analyze the power shifting. Exploring the gaze explains the unspoken intentions and the passionate emotions of the characters. Therefore, I try to do textual analysis from various perspectives. For the first chapter, the reader discovers hidden motives under social structures through the lens of the gaze. The conflicts between the Heights and the Grange reflect the intertwined power in society. However, social class does not constrain characters. The demonstration of the power shift in the relationship is in the observation of the gaze in the second chapter. Nelly, as an example, does not come from a high-born family but manages to influence the fate of the characters. Nelly makes the most use of her position to influence the people around her. Under the power structure, the characters hold their inner voice and convey the will under power. The gaze indicates the consciousness of the characters and locates Catherine’s focalization when she is sick. The flow of consciousness can be captured by the movement of the gaze, as seen when Catherine, in a trance, forecasts Isabella’s future. Furthermore, the gaze depicts the inner voice and strong will of the characters. In the end, the gaze becomes a method for the life and the dead to communicate. For instance, Catherine keeps haunting Heathcliff in order to remind Heathcliff of her presence and Heathcliff seeing Catherine after her death retains his purpose of vengeance. Lastly, the gaze brings consolation for the second generation.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
英國語文學系
106551009
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106551009
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[英國語文學系] 學位論文

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