Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/136954


Title: 以國際學位生為對象之預備課程校園華語教材編寫研究
Research into the Material Design of Campus Mandarin Language Curriculum for International Degree Students
Authors: 張皓
Chang, Hao
Contributors: 黃雅英
Huang, Ya-Ying
張皓
Chang, Hao
Keywords: 高等教育
國際學位生
專門目的教材
預備華語
需求分析
higher education
international degree students
Mandarin for academic purpose
Mandarin for specific purpose
need analysis
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-09-02 16:49:26 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 為因應臺灣高教少子化之困境,在政府吸引國際學位生政策力推之下,赴臺攻讀學位的國際生人數有逐年增長的趨勢。然而,由於相當多的國際學位生,其華語能力為零起點或是基礎程度,導致這些國際學位生在求學過程及生活環境適應上皆面臨相當多挑戰。而目前對於國際學位生華語學習需求及教材編寫設計相關研究,主要以專業學科用語以及中、高華語程度的學術預備華語為主。針對學位生一般性的,語言任務導向、以預備校園華語為主的需求分析以及教材編寫研究量則相對有限許多。因此,本文以大學的國際學位生為對象,旨在透過問卷調查以及半結構性訪談進行需求分析,分別了解國際學位生的華語學習現有條件,日常生活、校園溝通、專業學科等目標情境中的語言能力需求以及學習需求,並以上述需求分析的結果為基礎,提出教材編寫的方向與建議。研究結果顯示,基礎華語程度的國際學位生,在語言能力的需求上,以聽力理解最為需要。主題需求方面,則以校園相關的日常生活用語需求,如購物、點餐、利用交通工具等最為需要。其他如理解使用說明、理解課堂規範用語、校園行政諮詢、專業學科關鍵詞彙也都是國際學位生普遍認定的需求。在教材方面,國際學位生普遍能接受以英語寫成的說明,並偏好使用多媒體影音輔助學習。因此,本研究提出高教國際學位生的預備校園華語教材編寫應把握七項原則,分別是速成性、針對性、真實性、目標多元性、易讀性、策略性、延伸性。期許透過教材,得以自語言及生活面提供國際學位生輔助。
The recruitment of international degree students is promoted by the government of Taiwan to cope with the dilemma of sub-replacement fertility in higher education. This policy successfully resulted in the increasing number of international degree students in higher education in Taiwan. However, these international degree students encountered difficulties in both daily lives and learning activities due to their primary Mandarin Chinese proficiency. Indeed, the researches toward international degree students’ learning needs and learning material compilation to date mainly focused on intermediate or high-level Mandarin for Academic purposes. In contrast, the number of researches toward international degree students’ target-aimed, general campus Mandarin learning needs and learning material compilation remained limited. Thus, this research aimed at realizing international degree students’ Mandarin learning in various target situations, such as daily life language, campus communication language, and professional subject language through survey and semi-structured interviews. This research further aimed to provide instructions toward composing learning material for international degree students. As the result of the research, international degree students were proved to have a high requirement to listening comprehension competence among language competencies, while having a high requirement to daily conversation language such as Mandarin for shopping, ordering foods, and utilizing transportations among language topics. There were also other learning needs such as understanding instructions, understanding classroom language, consulting for administration affairs, and keywords of professional subjects, etc. As for learning materials, most of international degree students accepted the instructions in the learning materials written in English. international degree students also desired to learn Mandarin through visual and audio recourses. Based on the result of need analysis, several features are suggested to compose Mandarin learning material for international degree students. Which were effective, target-aimed, practical, task-focused, readable, strategic, and expandable.
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網路資源
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
華語文教學碩博士學位學程
106161008
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106161008
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[華語文教學博/碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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