Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/137053


Title: 從制度邁向文明:約翰彌爾的完善效益論
From Institution to Civilization: J. S. Mill's Perfectionist Utilitarianism
Authors: 李璿
Lee, Hsuan
Contributors: 陳建綱
李璿
Lee, Hsuan
Keywords: 約翰.彌爾
效益主義
個體性
完善論
文明
J. S. Mill
Utilitarianism
Individuality
Perfectionism
Civilization
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-09-02 17:38:29 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文為約翰‧彌爾的政治思想提供了全面性的解析與討論。在自由主義與效益主義傳統的調和上,筆者從完善論的角度切入,提供了高貴情操與同情共感的理論線索,以此兼顧彌爾快樂主義與完善論的思想二元性;並從完善論的基礎出發,論證了個體性的欲求與達成即為最大幸福。這樣的關懷源於彌爾對於社會專政壓迫個體性的擔憂,尤其考量到商業文明與公共輿論對邪惡利益的助長;保障個體性進而確保最大幸福的達成也反映在他對政治制度的設計中。另一方面,彌爾長久以來被學界忽略的階段性史觀也深刻影響他對政治的想法;透過政治制度排除邪惡利益,並為人民提供道德教育,文明發展得以擺脫遲滯問題,邁向下一階段的進程。
This article offers a comprehensive interpretation and discussion of John Mill’s political philosophy. On the reconciliation of utilitarianism and liberalism tradition, I take a perfectionist point of view, offer the account of nobleness and sympathy to balance the binary of Mill’s hedonism and perfectionism; and from the perfectionist foundation, I argue that the desiring and achievement of individuality is maximizing happiness. The concern of individuality stems from Mill’s worry about social tyranny and the oppression it caused, especially the aggravation of sinister interest by commercial society and public opinion; securing individuality to achieve the maximum of happiness also reflects in his plans of political institution. On the other hand, Mill’s conception of history contains the idea of phases, which is long-neglected by the academic community, also deeply affects his thoughts on politics; excluding sinister interest and providing moral education for people via political institution, civilization would be able to cast off the stagnation, moving on to the next stage of development.
Reference: Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, ed. J.M. Robson (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1963-1991), 33 vols.

中文部分
專書
江宜樺,2001,《自由民主的理路》,新北市:聯經。
林火旺,2017,〈導讀:穆勒及其效益主義〉,載於邱振訓(譯),《效益主義》(頁14-38),新北市:暖暖書屋。
蕭高彥,2020,《探索政治現代性:從馬基維利到嚴復》,新北市:聯經。

期刊論文
李酉潭,2000,〈約翰彌勒論民主的問題及其解決〉,《中山人文社會科學期刊》,第八卷第1期,頁142-164。
李酉潭,2005,〈約翰彌勒自由觀之分析〉,《國立政治大學學報》,第71期,頁35-67。
張福建,2005,〈參與和公民精神的養成:彌爾 (J. S. Mill)《代議政府論》的一種解讀〉。《東吳政治學報》,第21期,頁41-61。
陳建綱,2017,〈效益主義的發軔:初探邊沁的政治思想〉。《人文及社會科學集刊》,第二十九卷第4期,頁527-562。
黃俊龍,2003,〈民主社會的菁英統治:對密爾《論代議政府》的一個詮釋〉,《政治科學論叢》,第21期,頁217-239。

學位論文
馬仲民,(2000),《約翰.密爾論民主公民的品質及其條件》,國立政治大學政治學系碩士論文,台北市。
黃培維,(2011),《個人、國家與世界:論約翰彌爾的公眾參與理論》,國立政治大學政治研究所碩士論文,台北市。
廖斌洲,(2007),《菁英、教育與代議政府:詹姆士彌爾政治思想之研究》,國立政治大學政治研究所碩士論文,台北市。


英文部分
專書
Bentham, Jeremy. & Schofield, Philip. 1989. First Principles Preparatory to Constitutional Code ed. Philip Schofield. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
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期刊與專書論文
Arneil, Barbara. 2012. “Liberal Colonialism, Domestic Colonies and Citizenship,” History of Political Thought, 33(3): 491-523.
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Beaumont, Tim. 2018. “J. S. Mill’s Hedonism: Activism, Experientialism, and Eudaimonism,” British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 26(3):452-474.
Beaumont, Tim. 2019. “J. S. Mill on Calliclean Hedonism and the Value of Pleasure,” Dialogue, 58, 553-578
Black, R. C. Collison. 1968. “Economic Policy in Ireland and India in the Time of J. S. Mill,” Economic History Review, 321-336.
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Brink, David. 2007. “Mill’s Moral and Political Philosophy”.
Brudney, Daniel. 2008. “Grand Ideals: Mill’s Two Perfectionisms,” History of Political Thought, 29(3): 485-515.
Clor, Harry. 1985. “Mill and Millians on Liberty and Moral Character,” The Review of politics, 3-26.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
政治學系
107252021
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107252021
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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