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Nourishing Democracy: Preliminary Discussion on the Relations Between United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and Democratization of Host State from 1958 to 2020
United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
democratization of host state
vulnerability of host state
relations between central authority and rebellions
regional hegemony and third-party actors
|Issue Date:||2021-09-02 17:57:31 (UTC+8)|
Since Neack(1995) explored the motivation of western countries engaging in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations(PKO), academies have initiated abundant discussions regarding whether PKO could facilitate the democratization of host state. Arguments were raised, mostly focused on endogenous variables including gender distribution of personnels in troops, nationality composition of peacekeepers, and the mandates of each operation. This thesis contends peacekeeping deployments can foster host state’s civil liberty, or even nourish its democracy developments. This research adopts data of PKOs from 1958 to 2020 to verify the causal relations between peacekeeping deployments and democratization of host state, and it appears that the vulnerability of host state is a focal effect in empirical research. Simultaneously, this thesis takes PKOs in Haitai and Croatia to conduct a case study applied with a two-dimensional analysis framework. The outcome illustrates that the effectiveness of democratization of the host state depends on “domestic variable- relations between central authority and rebellions” and “global variable- regional hegemony and third-party actors.”
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