Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/137102


Title: 越南對中、日基礎建設偏好之經濟社會成因: 由河內、胡志明市城市鐵路案例切入
Economic and Social factors Influencing Vietnam’s Preference for Chinese and Japanese Infrastructure Investment: Case Studies About Hanoi And Ho Chi Min City Metro System
Authors: 俞雋
Yu, Chun
Contributors: 黃瓊萩
Huang, Chiung-Chiu
俞雋
Yu, Chun
Keywords: 越南
中日資交通建設項目
城市鐵路系統
Vietnam
Chinese and Japanese funded Transportation infrastructure projects
METRO systems
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-09-02 17:58:19 (UTC+8)
Abstract:   本研究意在透過經濟、社會層面,探討越南對中國、日本交通建設項目之偏好。在研究架構上,本文共計有三項主要命題:其一,乃越南偏好日本交通建設所帶來之經濟、社會影響,因而使該國對其有較高之接受度;其二,越南民間對中、日工程項目之偏好確實會受其營建模式所影響;其三,越南菁英、民間社會因為所顧及的面向不同,使得菁英較偏好具有總體經濟效益的中資項目,而民間較偏好能帶動地方就業、社會功能較完善之日資項目。
  透過對新聞媒體、相關文獻的觀察,以及與在臺越籍人士的簡短訪談,筆者發現越南無論係政府還是基層民眾,皆顯露出對日資項目的偏好。根據筆者的歸納,這主要導因於以下因素:工程項目本身的施工安全性;越方人員於項目中參與度;越南對中國、日本的國家與企業印象,而這也與筆者先前的命題設定有些微出入。
This research aims to explore Vietnam's preference for transportation infrastructure projects funded by China and Japan through the economic and social aspects. In terms of the research framework, this article has three main propositions: First, the economic and social impact of Vietnam’s preference for Japanese infrastructure investment, which makes the country have a high degree of acceptance. Second, the preference of the Vietnamese people on infrastructure projects funded by China and Japan will indeed be affected by their modes of execution. Third, Vietnamese elites and civil society take into account different aspects, making elites prefer Chinese projects with overall economic benefits, while the public prefer Japanese projects that can promote local employment and have better social functions.
Through the observation of news media, relevant literature, and brief interviews with Vietnamese in Taiwan, the author found that both the Vietnamese government and the grassroots people showed their preference for Japanese-funded projects. According to the author’s summary, this is mainly due to the following factors: the construction safety of the project itself; the participation of Vietnamese people in the project; the impression of Vietnam on China and Japan’s countries and enterprises, which is also in line with the author’s previous propositions. However, there are some differences between the research result and the proposition.
Reference: 中文文獻

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新聞媒體(依報導時間排序)

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網頁資料(依網頁條目字首筆畫排序)

1.中華人民共和國外交部,中國同越南的關係,上網日期2021年2月14日,檢自https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/web/gjhdq_676201/gj_676203/yz_676205/1206_677292/sbgx_677296/
2.維基百科,河內都市鐵路,上網日期2021年2月28日,檢自https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/河內都市鐵路
3.維基百科,胡志明市都市鐵路,上網日期2021年2月28日,檢自https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/胡志明市都市鐵路
4.國家教育研究院,個案研究法,上網日期2020年11月20日,檢自https://terms.naer.edu.tw/detail/1681584/ 
5.貿協全球資訊網,越南,上網日期2021年3月3日,檢自https://www.taitraesource.com/total01.asp

外文文獻

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英文報告

1.Vannarith Chheang. (2018). China’s Economic Statecraft in Southeast Asia. Yusof Ishak Institute. Retrieved from https://www.think-asia.org/bitstream/handle/11540/8902/ISEAS_Perspective_2018_45%4050.pdf?sequence=1
2.Do, Thuy Thi. (2014). Locating Vietnam-Japan's Strategic Partnership in the changing East Asian political landscape. Japan's Institute of International Affairs. Retrieved from: http://nghiencuuquocte.org/wp content/uploads/2014/07/140711_Vietnam-Japan_Strategic_Partnership-Final_paper_Thuy_Thi_Do.pdf
3.Ferchen, Matt. (2015). How new and crafty is China's ‘new economic statecraft’? Carnegie‐Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, Tsinghua University. Retrieved from: http://carnegieendowment.org/files/How_New_and_How_Crafty_is_Chinas_New_Economic_Statecraft_CTC_Web_Version.rd2.pdf
4.Ha Thi, Hong Van. (2010). Comparison of Vietnam and East Asia Countries (China, Korea, and Japan) Economic Relations. In Mitsuhiro Kagami (Eds), Japan and Korea with the Mekong River Basin Countries, (pp. 228-265). Bangkok Research Center.
5.Nikken Sekkei Civil Engineering Ltd; Nikken Sekkei Research Institute; Nippon Koei Co., Ltd; Japan Railway Technical Service; Sumitomo Realty & Development Co., Ltd. (2012). Socialist Republic of Vietnam Preparatory Survey On Ben Thanh Central Station Project (Final). Japan International Cooperation Agency. Retrieved from https://openjicareport.jica.go.jp/618/618/618_123_12066528.html
6.Nguyen, Xuan Thanh; Dapice, David (2009). Vietnam’s Infrastructure Constraints. UNDP-Harvard Policy Dialogue Paper. Retrieved from https://ash.harvard.edu/files/vietnams_infrastructure_constraints.pdf
7.Reilly, James. (2013). China’s economic statecraft: turning wealth into power. Lowy Institute for International Policy.
8.Zhao, Hong. (2018). Chinese and Japanese infrastructure investment in Southeast Asia: from rivalry to cooperation? (NO. 689). Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization.

英文新聞媒體或雜誌(依報導時間排序)

1.M.Vong & Dong Ha. (2007, April 10). Vietnam to build first subway with Japanese aid. Thanh Nien. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120308085704/http://www.thanhniennews.com/2007/pages/200741013369026957.aspx
2.Duc Trung. (2008, February 18). Vietnam’s first subway line ready to break ground. Thanh Nien. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120224003728/http://www.thanhniennews.com/2008/pages/2008218121926035812.aspx
3.VNS. (2011, December 30). Work on City's second metro line to be finished by 2017. Viet Nam News. Retrieved from https://vietnamnews.vn/society/219244/work-on-citys-second-metro-line-to-be-finished-by-2017.html
4.Nam Hang. (2012, July 20). Difficulties for Hanoi's urban railway projects. dti news. Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20160917135250/http://www.dtinews.vn/en/news/018/23803/difficulties-for-hanoi-s-urban-railway-projects.html
5.Vuving, Alexander L. (2014, November 26). Vietnam, the US, and Japan in the South China Sea: Prospects for regional security hinges heavily on how these actors relate to the South China Sea issue. The Diplomat. Retrieved from https://thediplomat.com/2014/11/vietnam-the-us-and-japan-in-the-south-china-sea/
6.VNS. (2015, May 14). All work stopped at Hanoi metro project. VietNamNet. Retrieved from http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/society/130566/all-work-stopped-at-hanoi-metro-project.html
7.Jennings, Ralph. (2017, August 25). Vietnamese Consumers Resist China as Officials Try to Get Along. Voice of America. Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/vietnamese-consumers-resist-china-officials-try-get-along
8.Le, Hong Hiep. (2018, Autumn). The Belt and Road Initiative in Vietnam: challenges and prospects. International Institute for Asian Studies. Retrieved from https://www.iias.asia/the-newsletter/article/belt-road-initiative-vietnam-challenges-prospects
9.Vietnam Insider. (2018, November 29). Vietnam has expressed concerns over interest rates charged by China for its loans. Vietnam Insider. Retrieved from https://vietnaminsider.vn/vietnam-has-expressed-concerns-over-interest-rates-charged-by-china-for-its-loans/
10.Doan Loan. (2019, April 30). Hanoi metro inauguration delayed yet again. VNExpress. Retrieved from https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/hanoi-metro-inauguration-delayed-yet-again-3916746.html
11.VRE Editor. (2019, November 19). 28% of Hanoi metro line staff quit their jobs. VietnamRealEstate.TV. Retrieved from https://vietnamrealestate.tv/news/28-of-hanoi-metro-line-staff-quit-their-jobs/
12.Nguyen, Dat. (2020, April 14). First look at HCMC metro train. VNExpress. Retrieved from https://e.vnexpress.net/news/business/economy/first-look-at-hcmc-metro-train-4084057.html
13.VNA. (2020, October 25). Commuters in Hanoi and HCM City willing to use metro: JICA survey. SGGP. Retrieved from https://sggpnews.org.vn/travel/commuters-in-hanoi-and-hcm-city-willing-to-use-metro-jica-survey-89020.html
14.JICA. (2020, November 11). Construction of Vietnam’s first metro is on track: Providing support from railway construction to company operations and maintenance, and installation of in-station services. JICA. Retrieved from https://www.jica.go.jp/english/news/field/2020/20201111_01.html
15.Gia Minh. (2020, December 8). Unexplained HCMC metro line cracks raise serious concerns. VNExpress. Retrieved from https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/unexplained-hcmc-metro-line-cracks-raise-serious-concerns-4202608.html
16.Gia Minh. (2020, December 22). Cracks in HCMC metro line caused by underweight supporting pads: investor. VNExpress. Retrieved from https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/cracks-in-hcmc-metro-line-caused-by-underweight-supporting-pads-investor-4210226.html
17.VnExpress. (2020, December 31). Hanoi metro test run goes ‘relatively well’: authorities. Voice of Vietnam. Retrieved from https://vovworld.vn/en-US/news/hanoi-metro-test-run-goes-relatively-well-authorities-937016.vov
18.VNA. (2021, February 19). HCM City: Work begins to supply power for Metro Line No 1. Vietnam +. Retrieved from https://en.vietnamplus.vn/hcm-city-work-begins-to-supply-power-for-metro-line-no-1/196474.vnp
19.Gia Minh & Nguyen Quy. (2021, February 19). Saigon 1st metro line completion pushed back to 2022. VNExpress. Retrieved from https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/saigon-1st-metro-line-completion-pushed-back-to-2022-4237020.html
20.VnExpress. (2021, March 18). HCMC to get four Japanese-built metro trains in summer. Voice of Vietnam. Retrieved from https://vovworld.vn/en-US/news/hcmc-to-get-four-japanesebuilt-metro-trains-in-summer-963587.vov

英文網頁資料(依網頁條目字首排序)

1.Greater Mekong Subregion Environment Operations Center. Restrive March 28, 2021, from https://web.archive.org/web/20080115080454/http://www.gms-eoc.org/
2.Trade Map, International Trade Center. Restrived October 30, 2020, from https://www.trademap.org/Index.aspx
3.Ho Chi Minh City Metro, Vietnam, Railway Technology. Restrive January 28, 2021, from https://www.railway-technology.com/projects/vietnammetro/
4.Hanoi Metro, Railway Technology. Restrive January 28, 2021, from https://www.railway-technology.com/projects/hanoi-metro/
5.GDP(Current US$), The World Bank. Restrived October 30, 2020, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD
6.Vietnam top 5 Export and Import partners, World Integrated Trade Solution. Retrieved October 30, 2020, from https://wits.worldbank.org/countrysnapshot/en/VNM

其他英文資料

1.Jackson, Lance Devreaux. (2017). Geostrategic Competition and the Future of ASEAN’s Hedging Strategy. Retrieved from: http://128.171.57.22/bitstream/10125/43968/e13_5_Jackson_GeostrategicCompetition.pdf


越文新聞媒體(依報導時間排序)

1.Phong Tiền. (2002, June 14). Kế hoạch xây dựng mạng lưới giao thông đô thị Hà Nội. VN Express. Được lấy từ https://web.archive.org/web/20190122133729/https://vnexpress.net/thoi-su/ke-hoach-xay-dung-mang-luoi-giao-thong-do-thi-ha-noi-2058207.html
2.PV. (2015, May 28). Đình chỉ thi công toàn tuyến đường sắt Cát Linh- Hà Đông. Voice of Vietnam. Được lấy từ https://vov.vn/xa-hoi/dinh-chi-thi-cong-toan-tuyen-duong-sat-cat-linh-ha-dong-403915.vov
3.Văn Duẩn. (2015, June 10). Bộ trưởng Thăng lý giải việc mua 13 đoàn tàu của Trung Quốc. Voice of Vietnam. Được lấy từ https://vov.vn/kinh-te/bo-truong-thang-ly-giai-viec-mua-13-doan-tau-cua-trung-quoc-406628.vov
4.Bảo An. (2015, October 28). Bắt đầu trưng bày tàu mẫu Cát Linh – Hà Đông. Tiền Phong. Được lấy từ https://tienphong.vn/bat-dau-trung-bay-tau-mau-cat-linh-ha-dong-post822449.tpo
5.Vân Ảnh. (2015, October 30). Tranh cãi nảy lửa xoay quanh mẫu tàu đường sắt Cát Linh – Hà Đông. LAO ĐỘNG. Được lấy từ https://web.archive.org/web/20190106055221/https://laodong.vn/ban-doc/tranh-cai-nay-lua-xoay-quanh-mau-tau-duong-sat-cat-linh-ha-dong-392127.bld
6.Đoàn Loan. (2017, May 12). Vay Trung Quốc hơn 250 triệu USD cho đường sắt Cát Linh - Hà Đông. VNExpress. Được lấy từ https://vnexpress.net/vay-trung-quoc-hon-250-trieu-usd-cho-duong-sat-cat-linh-ha-dong-3583704.html
7.Đoàn Loan. (2017, November 11). Đường sắt Cát Linh - Hà Đông có thể chậm tiến độ thêm 11 tháng. VNExpress. Được lấy từ https://vnexpress.net/duong-sat-cat-linh-ha-dong-co-the-cham-tien-do-them-11-thang-3682813.html#ctr=box_morelink_thoisu_env_4_click
8.Hải Vân. (2018, May 2). Trung Quốc không còn là thị trường chất lượng thấp. Nhịp Cầu Đầu Tư. Được lấy từ https://nhipcaudautu.vn/thuong-truong/trungquoc-khong-con-la-thi-truong-chat-luong-thap-3323772/
9.Dương. (2018, August 15). Vốn vay Trung Quốc kém ưu đãi, lãi suất cao. Người Lao Động. Được lấy từ https://nld.com.vn/kinh-te/nhieu-du-an-su-dung-von-vay-trung-quoc-thuong-xuyen-cham-tien-do-20180815092724409.htm
10.Quý Nguyễn. (2018, September 3). Đường sắt Cát Linh - Hà Đông có gì đặc biệt? Kinh tế & Đô. Được lấy từ http://kinhtedothi.vn/duong-sat-cat-linh-ha-dong-co-gi-dac-biet-324257.html
11.Thế Anh. (2019, March 16). Đường sắt Cát Linh – Hà Đông khó hoàn vốn khi chính thức vận hành. Dân trí. Được lấy từ https://dantri.com.vn/kinh-doanh/duong-sat-cat-linh-ha-dong-kho-hoan-von-khi-chinh-thuc-van-hanh-20190316064554470.htm
12.Xuân Thái. (2019, August 23). Dự án metro số 1 Bến Thành - Suối Tiên: Kiểm điểm cá nhân và tập thể sai phạm. VnEconomy. Được lấy từ https://web.archive.org/web/20190831143108/http://vneconomy.vn/du-an-metro-so-1-ben-thanh-suoi-tien-kiem-diem-ca-nhan-va-tap-the-sai-pham-20190822220336886.htm
13.Đặng Tiến. (2021, April 12). Chất lượng thi công ảnh hưởng trực tiếp đến chất lượng công trình. Lao Động. Được lấy từ https://laodong.vn/giao-thong/chat-luong-thi-cong-anh-huong-truc-tiep-den-chat-luong-cong-trinh-897853.ldo
14.Quốc Hùng. (2021, April 15). Gỡ vướng để giải ngân cho tuyến metro Bến Thành - Suối Tiên. SGGP. Được lấy từ https://www.sggp.org.vn/go-vuong-de-giai-ngan-cho-tuyen-metro-ben-thanh-suoi-tien-725207.html
15.Phi Long. (2021, April 28). Tàu Cát Linh - Hà Đông được cấp chứng nhận an toàn, có thể vận hành từ 1/5. Voice of Vietnam. Được lấy từ https://vov.vn/xa-hoi/tau-cat-linh-ha-dong-duoc-cap-chung-nhan-an-toan-co-the-van-hanh-tu-15-853432.vov
16.Đức Phú. (2021, April 30). Ngày 1-5, thêm 2 đoàn tàu metro số 1 từ Nhật Bản về Việt Nam. TuoiTre. Được lấy từ https://tuoitre.vn/ngay-1-5-them-2-doan-tau-metro-so-1-tu-nhat-ban-ve-viet-nam-20210430113051632.htm
17.Phi Long. (2021, May 1). Vì sao Bộ GTVT xin “thông cảm” cho đường sắt Cát Linh – Hà Đông? Voice of Vietnam. Được lấy từ https://vov.vn/xa-hoi/vi-sao-bo-gtvt-xin-thong-cam-cho-duong-sat-cat-linh-ha-dong-854193.vov
18.Minh Tâm. (2021, May 1). Thành phố “Siêu metro”. VnEconomy. Được lấy từ https://vneconomy.vn/thanh-pho-sieu-metro.htm

越文網頁資料(依網頁條目字首排序)

1.Phê duyệt điều chỉnh quy hoạch phát triển giao thông vận tải thành phố Hồ Chí Minh đến năm 2020 và tầm nhìn sau năm 2020. (2013, April 8). Cơ Sở Dữ Liệu Văn Bản Pháp Luật Trung Ương. Được lấy từ http://vbpl.vn/TW/Pages/vbpq-toanvan.aspx?ItemID=86137&Keyword=568/Q%C4%90-TTg 
2.Thủ Tướng Chính Phủ. (1998, June 20). Quyết Định Của Thủ Tướng Chính Phủ: Về Việc Phê Duyệt Điều Chỉnh Quy Hoạch Chung Thủ Đô Hà Nội Đến Năm 2020. Cổng Thông Tin Điện Tử Bộ Tư Pháp. Được lấy từ https://web.archive.org/web/20170912200021/http://www.moj.gov.vn/vbpq/lists/vn%20bn%20php%20lut/view_detail.aspx?itemid=7721#
3.Thủ Tướng Chính Phủ. (2007, January 22). Quyết Định: Phê duyệt Quy hoạch phát triển giao thông vận tải thành phố Hồ Chí Minh đến năm 2020 và tầm nhìn sau năm 2020. Cổng Thông Tin Điện Tử Chính Phủ. Được lấy từ http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page/portal/chinhphu/hethongvanban?class_id=1&_page=301&mode=detail&document_id=20096
4.Bộ Giao Thông Vận Tải. (2008, December 26). Về Việc Phê Duyệt Kế Hoạch Đấu Thầu Dự Án Đường Sắt Đô Thị Hà Nội: Tuyến Cát Linh - Hà Đông. Được lấy từ https://thuvienphapluat.vn/van-ban/Xay-dung-Do-thi/Quyet-dinh-3899-QD-BGTVT-phe-duyet-ke-hoach-dau-thau-Du-an-Duong-sat-do-thi-104957.aspx
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
東亞研究所
107260007
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107260007
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[東亞研究所 ] 學位論文

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