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Governance of Leading Public Universities in Taiwan and Pursuit of International Competitiveness
Tao, Claire Yun-Hui
Tao, Claire Yun-Hui
New Public Management
|Issue Date:||2021-09-02 18:05:03 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract:||由於臺灣公立大學由國家資助，歷來享有比私立大學更高的聲望，並擁有更多的優秀學生、教師和資源，本研究旨在深入瞭解臺灣頂尖公立大學的管理方式。自 1970 年代後期以來的全球公共行政改革現象，新公共管理（NPM）被認為是更為優異的管理方式。這種重塑政府的新浪潮也蔓延至教育領域。因此，本研究將特別從新公共管理的觀點，來分析臺灣頂尖公立大學在全球化時代增強國際競爭力的策略。本研究不僅利用文獻和法規文件來分析臺灣公立大學治理的整體情況，還研究中韓兩所大學案例，進一步探索模範大學的實踐和策略。為了直接瞭解利害關係人的觀點，筆者還採訪了公立大學副校長、資深行政人員、學生等12名參與者，以獲取見解。訪談結果資料分析採用ATLAS.ti軟體，通過編碼歸納法進行。結果表明，臺灣高等教育尚未完全實踐新公共管理原則。但因為新公共管理可提高大學治理的有效性和效率，若新公共管理能夠應用於大學治理，則可以提高大學的全球競爭力。在此基礎上，未來研究可聚焦在臺灣高等教育新公共管理實踐受阻的原因，以及如何加強大學治理結構，特別是台灣這種官僚體制和傳統由上往下的高等教育決策模式的國家。|
As public universities in Taiwan are state-dependent organizations and historically enjoy higher prestige than private universities and receive more talented students, faculty and resources, this study aims to gain a deeper understanding of how the leading public universities in Taiwan are governed. Due to a worldwide public administration reform phenomenon since the late 1970s, New Public Management (NPM) is assumed as the superiority of managerial techniques. Such a new wave of reinventing government also spread to the education sector. Accordingly, this study is to analyze, particularly, how the leading public universities in Taiwan strategize to pursue international competitiveness in the globalized era through the lens of New Public Management. Not only literature and legislative documents reviews are utilized to analyze the overall situation of governance of public universities in Taiwan. Case study of two model universities in China and Korea is also conducted for further exploration of the model universities’ practice and strategies. In order to learn at first-hand about stakeholders’ perspectives, the author also interviewed twelve participants, ranging from vice presidents, senior administrators, to students, from public universities to gain the insights. The interview result data analysis was carried out inductively via coding using the ATLAS.ti software. The result suggests that NPM principles have yet to be firmly incorporated into Taiwan’s higher education and university global competitiveness can be enhanced if the elements of NPM can be applied in university governance since the effectiveness and efficiency of its operation can be improved. On this basis, future research can be focused on what causes the hindrance of the NPM practice in Taiwan’s higher education and how to enhance a university governance structure, especially in the country where bureaucratic structure and top-down decision making model in HEIs remains dominant.
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