Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/137154


Title: 習近平時代的中國在東海的強硬行為分析
An Analysis of Chinese Assertive Behaviors in the East China Sea under the Xi Administration
Authors: 吉本彩惠
Yoshimoto, Ayae
Contributors: 盧業中
Lu, Yeh-Chung
吉本彩惠
Yoshimoto, Ayae
Keywords: 新古典現實主義
中日關係
核心利益
Neoclassical realism
Sino-Japan relations
Chinese core interests
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-09-02 18:14:07 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本論文使用新古典現實主義來分析中國的國內政治和其領導人的想法,是如何驅動中國對日本的強硬行為。隨著2012年日本民主黨將尖閣群島國有化,中日關係陷入了最糟糕的階段。由於前首相安倍晉三最初的政策是在經濟和軍事上遏制中國的崛起,所以即使在自民黨的安倍上任後,兩國之間的關係仍然處於高度緊張的狀態。但隨著安倍晉三在2016年前後將其對中國政策轉變為有意合作的政策,中日關係出現了改善的跡象。然而2017-2019年期間,中日關係在經濟和外交上的改善,並不一定能緩解兩國在東海領土主權問題上的緊張。 本論文假設,中國對自身實力不斷增強的看法以及權力集中在習近平手中,推動了中國咄咄逼人的外交政策立場,導致中國的外交政策出現矛盾。因此,只要中國保持其經濟影響力且習近平繼續執政之下,中國在尖閣群島的挑釁行為即不可能會有緩和之可能性。
This thesis uses neoclassical realism to analyze how China’s domestic politics and perceptions of its leaders drive Chinese assertive behaviors toward Japan.
With the Democratic Party of Japan nationalizing the Senkaku Islands in 2012, China-Japan relations fell into the worst phase. Even after the inauguration of Shinzo Abe of the Liberal Democratic Party as prime minister, relations between the two countries remained highly tense because Abe’s initial China policy was to contain China’s rise economically and militarily. However, as Abe shifted his China policy to a more cooperative approach around 2016, Japan-China relations showed signs of improvement. Nevertheless, the economic and diplomatic improvements in Sino-Japanese relations during the 2017-2019 period did not necessarily ease the tension over the territorial sovereignty issue in the East China Sea.
This thesis assumes how China’s perception of its growing strength and the concentration of power in Xi’s hands have encouraged China’s aggressive foreign policy stance, resulting in contradictions in China’s foreign policy. Therefore, as long as China retains its economic influence and Xi continues to be in power, it is unlikely that China’s provocative actions in the Senkaku Islands will ease up.
Reference: Bibliography

I. SOURCES IN ENGLISH

1. Books

Nathan, Andrew J., and Andrew Scobell. China’s search for security. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.
Waltz, Kenneth N. 1979. Theory of international politics. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.

2. Journal Articles

Fewsmith, Joseph. “The 19th Party Congress: Ringing in Xi Jinping’s new age.” China Leadership Monitor, No 55. (January 2018):1-22.
Graham, E. (2015). “Divining the Fluid Element: From Cooperation to Conflict in Japan-China Maritime Relations.” Security Challenges, 11(1), 49-72.
Heath, Timothy R., “The Consolidation of Political Power in China Under Xi Jinping: Implications for the PLA and Domestic Security Forces.” Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2019:1-11.https://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT503.html.
Jacobson, Linda. “China’s unpredictable maritime security actors.” Lowy Institute. (December 2014): 1-55. https://www.lowyinstitute.org/sites/default/files/chinas-unpredictable-maritime-security-actors_3.pdf
Jakobson, Linda and Manuel, Ryan. “How are Foreign Policy Decisions Made in China?” Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies. vol. 3, no. 1, 98–107. doi: 10.1002/app5.121.
Rose, Gideon. "Neoclassical Realism and Theories of Foreign Policy." World Politics 51, no. 1 (1998): 144-72. Accessed November 19, 2020. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25054068.
Saunders, Phillip C. “China’s Juggling Act: Balancing Stability and Territorial Claims.” CSIS Pac Net, No. 33, 29 (April 2014):1-2. https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/Pac1433.pdf
———. “China’s Role in Asia: Attractive or Assertive?” In International Relations of Asia, edited by David Shambaugh and Michael Yahuda, 147-172. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014:147-172.
Sutter, Robert and Huang, Chin-hao. ‘‘China’s Growing Resolve in the South China Sea.’’ Comparative Connections 15, no. 1 (2013).
———. “China’s Assertive Behavior: Part One: On ‘Core Interests.’” China Leadership Monitor, No. 34 (February 2011):1-25. http://www.hoover.org/publications/china-leadership-monitor/article/67966
———. “Chinese Views of foreign Policy in the 19th Party Congress.” China Leadership Monitor, No 55. (January 2018): 1-12. https://www.hoover.org/sites/default/files/research/docs/clm55-ms-final.pdf
———. “Xi Jinping’s Address to the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs: Assessing and Advancing Major- Power Diplomacy with Chinese Characteristics.” China Leadership Monitor, No 46. (March 2015):1-19. https://www.hoover.org/sites/default/files/clm46ms.pdf
Yuan Peng. “My personal view on the great changes unseen in a century.” Contemporary international relations 2020 No.2: 1-3.

3. News Articles

Fravel, Taylor. “China’s Island Strategy: “redefine the status quo.”” The Diplomat, November 1, 2012. https://thediplomat.com/2012/11/chinas-island-strategy-redefine-the-status-quo/.
———. “Xi Jinping’s Overlooked revelation on China’s maritime disputes.” The Diplomat, August 15, 2013. https://thediplomat.com/2013/08/xi-jinpings-overlooked-revelation-on-chinas-maritime-disputes/.
Xinhua net. “Changes, cballenges and choices—China is driven by the path it takes”. Accessed June 13, 2021. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-08/28/c_138345879.htm.

II. SOURCES IN CHINESE

1. Journal Articles

Fan, Xiaoju 樊小菊. "Xin《Rimei fangwei hezuo zhizhen》de jiegou tezheng yu lishi luoji" 新《日美防卫合作指针》的结构特征与历史逻辑 [On the revised Japan - U.S. Defense Cooperation Guideline: Its Structural Features and Evolving Logic]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 6 (2015):37.
———. "Yingdui Zhongri guanxi de xin xingshi yu lao wenti ———shixian Zhongri guanxi “wanquan zhengchang hua”de sikao" 应对中日关系的新形势与老问题———实现中日关系“完全正常化”的思考 [Coping with Old Issues in a New Era:“ Complete Normalization”of Sino-Japanese Relations]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 10 (2018):2-5.
———. "Riben de zhanlüe dongxiang ji dui Zhongguo de yingxiang." 日本的战略动向及对中国的影响 [Japan’s strategic trends and its influence on China]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 12 (2017):17-18.
Huang, Dahui 黄大 and Zhao, Luoxi 赵罗希. “Rimei qianghua tongmeng guanxi dui Zhongguo zhou anquan de yingxiang" 日美强化同盟关系对中国周安全的影响 [A Strengthened Japan - US Alliance and Its Impact on China’s Peripheral Security], Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 6 (2015):25-30.
Liu, Fei刘 霏. "Lun Riben de donghai zhengce ji qi dui Zhongguo de yingxiang" 论日本的东海政策及其对中国的影响 [ On Japan’s East China Sea Policy and Its Influence on China]. Riben yanjiu 日本研究4(2015):27-30.
Liu, Jiangyong 刘江永. "Anbei Jinsan shouxiang fanghua hou de Zhongri guanxi" 安倍晋三首相访华后的中日关系 [China-Japan relations after Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s visit to China]. Dangdai shijie 当代世界 12 (2018):29-31.
Lü, Yaodong 吕耀东. "Anbei zhengfu dui hua zhengce de diaozheng ji qi xiandu" 安倍政府对华政策的调整及其限度 [Abe Administration’s China Policy]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 10 (2018): 7-9.
Men, Honghua 门洪华. "Riben bianju yu Zhongri guanxi de zouxiang" 日本变局与中日关系的走向 [Transformation of Japan and orientations of Sino-Japanese relationship]. Shijie jingji yu zhengzhi 世界经济与政治 4 (2016): 76-79, 82-84.
Meng, Xiaoxu 孟晓旭. "Zhongri anquan guanxi fazhan taishi ji Zhongguo de yingdui" 中日安全关系发展态势及中国的应对 [The Dilemma of Sino - Japanese Security Relations and China’s Response]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系3 (2017): 28-29.
Meng, Xiaoxu 孟晓 and Wang, Shan 王珊. "Xin anbao faan yu Riben anquan zhanlüe kunjing" 新安保法案与日本安全战略困境 [Japan’s New Security Bills and Strategic Dilemma]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 8 (2015): 18-20.
Tang, Yanlin 唐彦林 and Tao, Keqing 陶克清. "Xi Jinping waijiao sixiang zhixiang xia Zhongri guanxi fazhan de xin dingwei" 习近平外交思想指向下中日关系发展的新定位 [A New Orientation for the Development of Sino-Japan Relations following Xi Jinping’s Thought on Diplomacy]. Riben yanjiu 日本研究 1 (2020):1-3.
Wang, Pengquan 王鹏权. "Lun Anbei dazhanlüe diaozheng de mubiao yu shouduan" 论安倍大战略调整的目标与手段 [On the Goals and Means of Abe’s Strategic Adjustment]. Riben yanjiu日本研究 4 (2014):12-15
Wang, Shan 王珊. "Anbei de guojia zhuyi ji qi zhengce shijian" 安倍的国家主义及其政策实践 [Abe’s nationalism and its policy practice]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 12 (2016): 40.
Wang, Shan王珊 and Meng, Xiaoxu孟晓旭. "Anbei zhizheng houqi Riben zhengzhi zoushi yu Zhongri guanxi" 安倍执政后期日本政治走势与中日关系 [Japan’s Political Trends and Sino-Japanese Relations in the Late Abe Administration]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 2(2019):40-41.
Zhang, Ruiting 张瑞婷 and Wu, Huaizhong 吴怀中. “Lun Riben dui Meiguo yatai zai pingheng de zhanlüe liyong” 论日本对美国亚太再平衡的战略利用 [Japan’s Strategic Use of America’s Asia-Pacific Rebalance]. Riben yanjiu 日本研究4(2015):26-30.
Zhu, Haiyan 朱海燕. "Anbei zhengfu de anbao zhanlüe: mubiao、lujing ji qianjing" 安倍政府的安保战略: 目标、路径及前景 [Security Strategy of the Abe Administration: Goals, Paths and Prospects]. Xiandai guoji guanxi 现代国际关系 4(2016):22-24.

2. News Articles

China News Service中国新闻网. “Xi Jinping: fangyan shijie, women miandui de shi bainian weiyou zhi da bianju” 習近平:放眼世界,我們面對的是百年未有之大變局 [Xi Jinping: look at the world, we are facing changes unseen in a century]. December 29, 2017. http://www.chinanews.com/gn/2017/12-29/8412268.shtml.
Cpcnews.cn 中国共产党新闻网. “Xi Jinping zai zhongyang waishi gonzuo huiyi shang qiangdiao jianchiyi xinshidai Zhongguo tese shehuizhuyi waijiao sixiang weizhidao nuli kaichuang Zhongguo tese daguo waijiao xin jumian” 习近平在中央外事工作会议上强调坚持以新时代中国特色社会主义外交思想为指导努力开创中国特色大国外交 [Stick to the guidance of thought on diplomacy of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era and break new ground in major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics-Xi urges at the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs]. June 24th, 2018. http://jhsjk.people.cn/article/30079017.
He, Cheng 何成. “Quanmian renshi he lijie “bainian weiyou zhi dabianju”” 全面认识和理解“百年未有之大变局” [Comprehensive knowledge and understanding of the "changes unseen in a century”]. People’s Daily Online人民网, January 3, 2020.
People’s Daily 人民日報. “Dai bing guo : jianchi zou heping fazhandaolu bingfei pai naodai de chanwu” 戴秉国: 中国坚持走和平发展道路 并非拍脑袋的产物 [Dai Bingguo: China’s adherence to the road of peaceful development is not the product of a pat on the head]. December 13th, 2010.
Pu Ping蒲俜. “Guojiguanxi yanbianzhongde “bainianweiyouzhidabianju”” 国际关系演变中的“百年未有之大变局” [The "changes unseen in a century" in the evolution of international relations]. People’s Daily Online人民网, January 3, 2020. http://theory.people.com.cn/n1/2020/0103/c40531-31533109.html.
Xinhua news agency “Full text of Xi Jinping’s report at 19th CPC National Congress.” November 3. 2017, http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/special/2017 11/03/c_136725942.htm.
Zhong, Sheng鐘声. “Zhongguo weihu lingtuzhuquan de yisi burong shitan”中国維護領土主権的意思不容試探 [China’s intention to defend its territorial sovereignty cannot be tested]. People’s Daily 人民日報, January 17th.

3. Government Website

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. “The central conference on work relating to foreign affairs was held in Beijing,” Beijing: China, November 29, 2014. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/zxxx_662805/t1215680.shtml.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. “Waijiaobu buzhang Yang JieChi jiu Zhongguo waijiaozhengce he duiwaiguanxi da zhongwai jizhe wen” 外交部部長楊潔篪就中國外交政策和對外關係答中外記者問 [Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi Answers Questions from Chinese and Foreign Journalists on China’s Foreign Policy and Foreign Relations]. Beijing: China, 2013. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/web/ziliao_674904/zyjh_674906/t1019938.shtml
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. “Li Qiang tong riben shouxiang anbeijinsan juxinghuitan shi qiangdiao nuli shixian zhongriguanxi changqi jiankang wending fazhan” 李克强同日本首相安倍晋三举行会谈时强调努力实现中日关系长期健康稳定发展”[Li Keqiang and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe stressed efforts to achieve long-term healthy and stable development of Sino-Japanese relations during the meeting]. Beijing:China, May 10, 2018. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/web/gjhdq_676201/gj_676203/yz_676205/1206_676836/xgxw_676842/t1558182.shtml.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. “Xi Jinping hui jian riben shouxiang Anbei Jinsan” 习近平会见日本首相安倍晋三 [Xi Jinping Meets with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe]. Beijing: China, June 27, 2019. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/web/gjhdq_676201/gj_676203/yz_676205/1206_676836/xgxw_676842/t1676386.shtml.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China. “Xi Jinping hui jian riben shouxiang Anbei Jinsan” 习近平会见日本首相安倍晋三 [Xi Jinping Meets with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe]. Beijing: China, December 23, 2019. https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/web/gjhdq_676201/gj_676203/yz_676205/1206_676836/xgxw_676842/t1727165.shtml.
The central people’s government of the people’s republic of China. “Zhongguo guowuweiyuan dai bing guo : jianchi zou heping fazhandaolu” 中国国务委员戴秉国: 坚持走和平发展道路 [Chinese State Councilor Dai Bingguo: Adhere to the road of peaceful development]. December 6th, 2010. http://www.gov.cn/ldhd/2010-12/06/content_1760381.htm.

III. SOURCES IN JAPANESE

1. Journal Articles

Kadozaki, Shinya 角崎信也. “Shuken no dilemma” 集権のジレンマ 下 習近平の権力の現状と背景 [Xi Jinping’s power struggles Vol.2 the current situation and backgrounds of Xi Jinping’s power]. China Report Vol.9: 1-8.
———. “Shuken no dilemma” 集権のジレンマ 上 習近平の権力の現状と背景 [Xi Jinping’s power struggles Vol.1 the current situation and backgrounds of Xi Jinping’s power]. China Report Vol.8: 1-6.
Kato, Harunobu 加藤青延. “Kenpou kaisei to kouzou kaikaku de okiku kawatta Chugoku no touji kozo” 憲法改正と構造改革で大きく変わった中国の統治構造 [China’s Prominent Ruling Shift Reinforced by Constitutional Amendments and Structural Reform]. Annual report of the Institute of Political Science & Economics, Musashino University (17):19-47.
———. “Nikime wo mukaeta Shu Kimpei taisei no yukue” 2期目を迎えた習近平体制の行方 [Outlook for Xi Jinping’s Regime in His Second Term]. Annual report of the Institute of Political Science & Economics, Musashino University (16): 75-109.
Kawamura, Noriyuki 川村範行. (2014). Senkakusyoto ryoyumondai to nichukankei no kozohenka ni kansuru kosatsu 尖閣諸島領有問題と日中関係の構造変化に関する考察 [A Study on the Senkaku Islands and Structural Changes in Japan-China Relations]. Nagoya University of Foreign Studies, journal of School of Foreign Languages. Pp. 27-51.
Kojima, Kazuko小嶋華津子. “Shu Kinpei Seiken ka no seiji: Shuken to sono imi” 習近平政権下の政治:集権化とその意味 [Politics under Xi administration: consolidation of power and its meaning]. Financial review, 2019 (3): 133-148.
Li, Ha 李昊. “Kenryoku tousou no shiten kara mita Shu Kinpei Seiken no anteisei” 権力闘争の視点から見た習近平政権の安定性 [Stability of Xi Jinping administration in terms of the power struggle]. China Report Vol. 28: 1-3.
Maeda, Hiroko前田宏子. “Chugoku ni okeru kokueki ronsou to kakushin teki rieki” 中国における国益論争と核心的利益 [Debates on national interests and core interests in China]. PHP Policy Review Vol. 6-No. 48, February 2nd, 2012. http://research.php.co.jp/policyreview/pdf/policy_v6_n48.pdf
Matsuda, Hiroyasu松田 康博. “Ko Kin Tou seiken no kaiko to Chugoku 18 zentaikai no chumoku ten- gaikou•kokubou no ryoiki ni kanshite” 胡錦濤政権の回顧と中国18全大会の注目点 ―外交・国防の領域に関して [A Retrospective of the Hu Jintao Regime and Highlights of China’s 18th Plenum - On the Domains of Diplomacy and National Defense]. The Tokyo foundation for policy research東京財団政策研究所, September 6, 2012. https://www.tkfd.or.jp/research/detail.php?id=890
Mifune, Emi 三船恵美. “Shu Kinpei taiseika no Chugoku no gaikou anzen hoshou senryaku” 習近平体制下の中国の外交・安全保障戦略 [Chinese diplomacy and national security strategy under Xi Jinping administration]. Komazawa hougaku 駒澤法学 16-4(62)(2017): 1-40.
One Mizhuho みずほ総合研究所. “Shu Soshoki ga egaku 「kyoukoku」 he no michi dai 19 kai toutaikai houkoku ni miru Chugoku「Xin zidai」no houkousei” 習総書記が描く「強国」化への道 第19回党大会報告にみる中国「新時代」の方向性 [The road to becoming a "strong nation" drawn by General Secretary Xi: The direction of China’s "new era" in the report of the 19th Party Congress]. (2017):1-7.
Takagi, Seiichiro高木誠一郎. “Chugoku gaikou ni okeru kakushin teki reiki ron no tenkai” 中国外交における「核心利益」論の展開 [The evolution of the discourse on the “core (national) interest” in Chinese Diplomacy]. Issues and studies 42(2): 67-81.
Takahara, Akio 高原明生, "Chugoku no naisei gaikou no genjyou"中国の内政外交の現状 [Current status of China’s domestic affairs and diplomacy]. Syoken review 証券レビュー, 11(59): 28-61.
———. “Daiikki shu kinpei seiken ka ni okeru 「ikkyo taisei」 seiritsu no keii” 第1期習近平政権下における「一強体制」成立の経緯 [Backgrounds of the establishment of one strong regime system under the first phase of Xi Jinping regime]. China Report Vol. 16: 1-3.
Takahara, Akio, Nakanishi, Hiroshi & Yoshioka, Keiko 高原明生, 中西寛 & 吉岡桂子. “Beichu tairitsuka no jiyuu de hirakareta indo taiheiyou” 米中対立下の「自由で開かれたインド太平洋」[A “Free and Open Indo-Pacific” under U.S.-China confrontation]. Diplomacy Vol. 64 (2020): 16-29.
Yamaguchi, Shinji 山口信治. “Chugoku no kokusai chitsujo ninshiki no kiso to henka” 中国の国際秩序認識の基礎と変化 [Basics and changes in Chinese perception of international order]. Bouei kenkyujo kiyou 防衛研究所紀要 18(2) : 45-63.
———. “Shu Kinpei no kokunai seiji to taigai seisaku” 習近平の国内政治と対外政策 [Xi Jinping’s domestic politics and foreign policy]. China’s Domestic Situation and Foreign Policy中国の国内情勢と対外政策. (March 2017): 87-117.
———. “Kokusaichitsujo wo meguru kyousou wo gekika saseru chugoku: kyokouka wo motarasu jikoninshiki” 国際秩序をめぐる競争を激化させる中国:強硬化をもたらすその自己認識(先鋭化する米中対立)[China intensifying the competition over international order: self-perception that leads to a further hardline stance]. Diplomacy 外交 62, 114-119, July 2020.
———. “Chugoku kyosantou dai 19 kai zenkoku daihyo taikai no kiso bunseki” 中国共産党第19回全国代表大会 [Basic analysis of the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party]. NIDS Commentary No.62:1-4.

2. News Articles

Kono to leave for China on Wednesday for first visit by Japan defense chief in 10 years. (2019). Japan times.
Shimada, Manabu 島田学. “Chugoku, senkaku ha kakushinteki reiki to hajimete meigen” 中国、尖閣は「核心的利益」と初めて明言[China says Senkaku Islands are ‘core interests’ for the first time]. 日本経済新聞 Nihon Keizai shinbun. April, 2013. https://news.tv-asahi.co.jp/news_international/articles/000004397.html
TV Asahi news テレ朝. “Chugoku gaimusyo ga hajimete senkaku ha kakushinteki rieki” 中国外務省が初めて「尖閣は核心的利益」[China’s Foreign Ministry says for the first time that the Senkakus are a core interest]. Accessed March 30, 2021. https://news.tv-asahi.co.jp/news_international/articles/000004397.html.

3. Internet Sources

The Japan-China joint opinion survey 2019. 言論NPO [The Genron NPO], October 24th, 2019.https://www.genron-npo.net/en/opinion_polls/archives/5505.html. (accessed October 9th, 2020)

4. Government Websites

JETRO (The Japan External Trade Organization). Japan’s Top 10 Trading Partners. Tokyo: Japan, 2020. https://www.jetro.go.jp/world/japan/stats/trade/
Japan Coast Guard. Trends in Chinese government and other vessels in the waters surrounding the Senkaku Islands and Japan’s Response -Records of intrusions of Chinese government and other vessels into Japan’s territorial sea. Accessed September 17, 2020. https://www.kaiho.milt.go.jp/mission/senkaku/senkaku.html
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. Trade white paper 2018. Tokyo: Japan, 2018. https://www.meti.go.jp/report/tsuhaku2018/pdf/02-03-03.pdf
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, “Nichu shunou denwa kaidan” 日中首脳電話会談 [Japan-China summit teleconference]. Tokyo: Japan, May 30, 2018, https://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/a_o/c_m1/cn/page1_000523.html.

5. Online Conferences

Takahara, Akio 高原明生and Ohara, Bonji 小原凡司. “Chugoku taigai shisei no haikei to kokusai chitsujo he no eikyo -coronapandemic ha nani wo kaetano ka?-” 中国対外姿勢の背景と国際秩序への影響 [“Background of China”s aggressive external posture and its impact on the international order -What has changed after the coronavirus pandemic occurred?-]. 1st Open forum, SPF China observer from Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Tokyo, August 4, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q6lmc-AnWdg.
Takahara, Akio高原明生, Kamo, Tomoki 加茂具樹, and Ohara, Bonji大原凡司. ““Background of China”s aggressive external posture and its impact on the international order -What has changed after the coronavirus pandemic occurred?-.” 2nd Open forum, SPF China observer from Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Tokyo, September 7, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY8PZO3t_XI&t=2787s.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國際研究英語碩士學位學程(IMPIS)
107862013
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107862013
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
201301.pdf963KbAdobe PDF8View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing