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Community-based Tourism as a Soft Power Tool for Indigenous Development: A Study of the Tayal Community in Wulai, Taiwan
Griffith, Kendra Karina
Kendra Karina Griffith
Community Based Tourism
|Issue Date:||2021-09-02 18:14:31 (UTC+8)|
Traveling establishes the connection between people and places from different cultures and societies. Tourism impacts the insight of foreign audiences and interconnects qualities such as governance and culture that expresses the splendor of a country, deeming it praiseworthy of emulation. Consequently, tourism is a significant factor of soft power – the aptitude to affect by setting inclinations of global actors and influencing foreign policy results by appealing to a country’s culture and values. For many Indigenous communities across the world, tourism has developed into a vital part of their livelihoods. Tourism opens doors to possible economic development and serves as a tool to ensure cultural survival. Tourism plays a vital role in the development of Indigenous towns in Taiwan. Across the globe, many Indigenous communities have shifted towards community-based tourism as an alternate form of tourism model due to its potential for environmental and cultural protection. Taiwan has Indigenous communities that have been praised for their successful adaptation of the industry. Nevertheless, there are cases where the success of community-based tourism has been inefficient or as sustainable as promised. With tourism playing a significant role in Indigenous communities, the purpose of this research is to examine tourism as a soft power tool. More specifically, this research analyzes the elements of Taiwan’s community-based tourism in Indigenous communities, its policies and implementations, and development to provide reference to the development of tourism of Indigenous communities in Belize. By taking a qualitative approach this research examines the tourism development in three locations in Wulai's Indigenous community in Northern Taiwan, focusing on the economic, sociocultural, environmental impact of community-based tourism at each location.
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