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Establishment and Development of EU-Africa Partnership: Implications on the EU's Migration Policy toward Africa
European Common Trade Policy;ACP;migration;refugee crisis;Cotonou Agreement
|Issue Date:||2021-10-26 13:42:31 (UTC+8)|
According to the Article 207 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (EU), the foreign trade policy is an exclusive competence of the EU. Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union also demonstrates that the EU shall ＂encourage the integration of all countries into the world economy＂. The empirical experience which the EU's economic diplomacy strategy has shown that the main goal of the common trade policy is not only to secure greater market access, but also to deepen regulatory cooperation with major trade partners. The main trading mechanism are various and diversified, including the Free Trade Agreements, Trade and Development Agreements, the European Neighbourhood Policy, the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, Stabilisation and Association Process and the so-called Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) etc. in different regions. Among the type of EPAs, the African states or the ACP countries and the EU have agreed to take all the measures to implement and ensure the cooperation under EPAs framework. The statistic of the EU trade to Africa illustrates that the EU is still Africa’s top trading partner and holds 36.2% market share. Under the EU Global Strategy, the European Commission proposed to increase the external action budget to 123 billion euro for the EU budget 2021-2027. Compared to the period 2014-2020 with 94.5 billion euro, the funding will increase up by 30%. The most significant instrument for EU external action is Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI). This streamlined instrument will consist of three pillars, namely geographic, thematic and rapid response to crisis. However, the relationship between EU and the African states is one of the key action category of the external relation, especially since 2014 the migration and refugee crisis happened in EU where about 20% from African region, the EU's comprehensive strategy with Africa and Covid-19 crisis in 2020. Thus, the management mechanism and reform on policy within the EU and how the externalization of the policy into African region for balance of solidarity, humanity and efficiency are the main challenges. Based above arguments, this paper focus on three issues. Firstly, to clarify the context of relationship under the framework of EU's economic diplomacy and African region; Secondly, to analyze possible implications under EU's foreign trading policy and development cooperation policy and strategy toward to African states; Thirdly, to discuss and evaluate the migration and refugee's policy and management mechanism of the EU. Finally, this paper examines the impacts of Covid-19 to evaluate the further development of EU- Africa relations.
|Relation:||國際關係學報, 50, 1-33|
|Appears in Collections:||[Journal of international relations] Journal Articles|
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