Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/137727


Title: 學齡前兒童性教育數位繪本之設計
Design of the Digital Picture Book of Sexuality Education for Preschool Children
Authors: 陳宇
Chen, Yu
Contributors: 陳宜秀
廖峻鋒

Chen, Yi-hsiu
Liao, Chun-Feng

陳宇
Chen, Yu
Keywords: 學齡前兒童
性教育
數位繪本
互動設計
Preschool children
Sexuality education
Digital picture books
Interactive design
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-11-01 12:18:22 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 近年來,相關的媒體報導未成年人遭受性侵引發全社會的關注,學齡前兒童性教育也逐漸受到了重視,該如何幫助父母對孩子進行性教育是一個難題。因此,本研究透過性教育結合數位繪本做設計,希望能幫助父母與孩子在性教育上的溝通及性知識的傳授,也希望增加兒童性教育繪本的社會接受度,能為性教育的不同方式提供相應的參考。
繪本是父母和孩子的溝通媒介,而數位繪本是延續傳統繪本,融入新的數位元素,為讀者提供豐富的體驗。本研究根據學齡前兒童性教育知識點為依據創作故事內容,為學齡前兒童設計了一套「被遮住的小秘密」性教育數位繪本作為研究的原型工具,繪本中主要由故事內容及問答兩大部分組成,讓家長與孩子一起使用,在趣味中學習知識。
本研究邀請了六組家庭進行測試,透過參與觀察法及半結構性訪談法進行對繪本的評估。研究結果顯示學齡前兒童數位學習能力強,對互動有興趣,但根據使用數位產品頻率的不同,對數位繪本的興趣程度及知識的學習程度也不同。而通過對家長的訪談,家長認為數位繪本可以幫助他們對孩子進行性教育,動畫及互動功能有幫助孩子對於知識的理解,也希望通過增加互動設計維持孩子的興趣。本研究有兩項發現,第一,學齡前兒童互動性要求差異,因數位產品使用頻率的不同,對於互動要求也不同;第二,比起聲音輔助,學齡前兒童更注重繪本中的互動功能。本研究設計了一項為學齡前兒童設計的繪本,而且根據測試的結果,對於未來的學齡前數位繪本設計提出建議。
In recent years, reports of sexual assault on minors have aroused society’s anger, and the sex education of preschool children has received much attention. How we can help parents provide their children proper sex knowledge is a challenging issue. This work intends to design digital picture books as the medium to provide sex education, hoping to help parents and preschool children and promote increased social acceptance of children’s sex education materials to protect our next generation.
Picture books are a suitable communication medium for parents and children because they contain attractive pictures, easy-to-read texts, and even 3-dimensional figures. As more and more children are exposed to digital media at early ages, digital picture books are another medium worth consideration. The digital elements provide readers with a richer experience, incorporating sounds, animation, and more interactions.
This research first designed a prototype of a digital picture book named “Covered Little Secrets” based on the contents and styles suitable for preschool children to provide sex education. The digital picture book consists of a storytelling portion followed by a Q&A session, allowing parents and children to read it together to learn the knowledge with fun.
In the evaluation phase, six groups of child-parent dyads were invited to test out the digital picture book. The processes were video recorded, and the children’s responses were observed, followed by a semi-structured interview. The results show that preschool children have strong digital learning abilities and are highly interested in interaction. Parents interviewed believe that digital picture books could help them deliver the proper knowledge to their children and that animation and interactive functions could help children understand the content. However, according to their prior exposure to digital products, their level of interest in digital picture books and learning may vary. Those who use digital products more frequently may demand more interaction to sustain their attention. Second, preschool children pay more attention to the interactive functions in picture books than to acoustic assistance.
Reference: Aziz, N. A. A., Batmaz, F., Stone, R., & Paul Wai Hing, C. (2013, 7-9 Oct. 2013). Selection of touch gestures for children's applications. Paper presented at the 2013 Science and Information Conference.
Barker, P. (1992). Electronic books and libraries of the future. The electronic library.
Biehr, B. (1989). Problem sexual behavior in school‐aged children and youth. Theory Into Practice, 28(3), 221-226.
Davies, S. L., Glaser, D., & Kossoff, R. (2000). Children’s sexual play and behavior in pre-school settings: Staff’s perceptions, reports, and responses. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24(10), 1329-1343.
De Jong, M. T., & Bus, A. G. (2002). Quality of book-reading matters for emergent readers: an experiment with the same book in a regular or electronic format. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94(1), 145.
Dore, R. A., Hassinger-Das, B., Brezack, N., Valladares, T. L., Paller, A., Vu, L., . . . Hirsh-Pasek, K. (2018). The parent advantage in fostering children's e-book comprehension. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 44, 24-33. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.02.002
Flewitt, R., Messer, D., & Kucirkova, N. (2015). New directions for early literacy in a digital age: The iPad. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 15(3), 289-310.
Hanna, L., Risden, K., & Alexander, K. (1997). Guidelines for usability testing with children. interactions, 4(5), 9-14.
Jonker, T. (2011). Into a Digital World: A Q&A about Digital Picture Books. Children & Libraries, 9(2), 58-59.
Kaeser, F., DiSalvo, C., & Moglia, R. (2000). Sexual behaviors of young children that occur in schools. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 25(4), 277-285.
Kotler, P. (1980). Marketing management : analysis, planning, and control / Philip Kotler. (4th ed.). Prentice-Hall.
Kurtuncu, M., Akhan, L. U., Tanir, I. M., & Yildiz, H. (2015). The sexual development and education of preschool children: knowledge and opinions from doctors and nurses. Sexuality and disability, 33(2), 207-221.
Larsson, I., & Svedin, C. G. (2002). Teachers’ and parents’ reports on 3-to 6-year-old children’s sexual behavior—a comparison. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26(3), 247-266.
Lindberg, L. D., & Maddow-Zimet, I. (2012). Consequences of Sex Education on Teen and Young Adult Sexual Behaviors and Outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51(4), 332-338. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.12.028
Mana, N., Mich, O., De Angeli, A., & Druin, A. (2013). Interactive e-books for children. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children.
Martin, K. A., & Torres, J. M. C. (2014). Where did I come from? US parents' and preschool children's participation in sexual socialisation. Sex Education, 14(2), 174-190. doi:10.1080/14681811.2013.856291
Martin, K. A., Luke, K. P., & Verduzco-Baker, L. (2007). The sexual socialization of young children: Setting the agenda for research. Advances in group processes, 24, 231-259.
Masataka, N. (2014). Development of reading ability is facilitated by intensive exposure to a digital children's picture book. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 4. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00396
Morawska, A., Walsh, A., Grabski, M., & Fletcher, R. (2015). Parental confidence and preferences for communicating with their child about sexuality. Sex Education, 15(3), 235-248. doi:10.1080/14681811.2014.996213
Nacher, V., Jaen, J., Navarro, E., Catala, A., & González, P. (2015). Multi-touch gestures for pre-kindergarten children. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 73, 37-51. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2014.08.004
Read, J. C., MacFarlane, S., & Casey, C. (2002). Endurability, engagement and expectations: Measuring children’s fun. Paper presented at the Interaction design and children.
Sanders, G. F., & Mullis, R. L. (1988). Family Influences on Sexual Attitudes and Knowledge as Reported by College Students. Adolescence, 23(92), 837.
Sandnabba, N. K., Santtila, P., Wannäs, M., & Krook, K. (2003). Age and gender specific sexual behaviors in children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27(6), 579-605. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0145-2134(03)00102-9
Sargeant, B. (2015). What is an ebook? What is a book app? And why should we care? An analysis of contemporary digital picture books. Children's Literature in Education, 46(4), 454-466.
Sciaraffa, M., & Randolph, T. (2011). " You Want Me to Talk to Children about What?": Responding to the Subject of Sexuality Development in Young Children. YC Young Children, 66(4), 32.
Shamir, A., Korat, O., & Fellah, R. (2012). Promoting vocabulary, phonological awareness and concept about print among children at risk for learning disability: can e-books help? Reading and Writing, 25(1), 45-69. doi:10.1007/s11145-010-9247-x
SIECUS(1998). Right from the start: guidelines for sexuality issues (birth to five years).Retrieved from http://www.siecus.org/_data/global/images/RightFromTheStart.pdf
Stone, N., Ingham, R., & Gibbins, K. (2013). ‘Where do babies come from?’ Barriers to early sexuality communication between parents and young children. Sex Education, 13(2), 228-240. doi:10.1080/14681811.2012.737776
Verenikina, I., & Kervin, L. (2011). iPads, digital play and pre-schoolers. He Kupu, 2(5), 4-19.
Welbourne-Moglia, A., & Moglia, R. J. (1989). Sexuality Education in the United States: What It Is; What It Is Meant to Be. Theory Into Practice, 28(3), 159-164. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1476619
Zaranis, N., Kalogiannakis, M., & Papadakis, S. (2013). Using mobile devices for teaching realistic mathematics in kindergarten education. Creative Education, 4(07), 1.
小島敏彥、蔣永明(2002)。新產品開發管理 : 企業革新的生存之道 / 小島敏彥編著 ; 蔣永明譯。中衛發展中心發行。
毛萬儀(2004)。兒童繪本中的幼兒性教育議題分析-以“身體議題”為例。臺灣性學學刊,10(2),61-84。doi:10.6784/fjs.200409.0061
佛洛伊德(1905)。性學三論 / 西格蒙.佛洛伊德(Sigmund Freud)著 ; 孫中文編譯 (初版2017 ed.)。臺北市:信實文化行銷有限公司。
李君懿(2010)。優良兒童繪本出版研究。中華印刷科技年報,364-377。doi:10.30153/jcagst.201003.0026
李欣霈(2015)。電子繪本對幼兒閱讀動機及閱讀能力之影響。國立屏東大學幼兒教育學系碩士論文,屏東市。
汪楊珊(2015)。從紙媒到數字媒體的跨越—電子繪本中的交互設計研究。(碩士)。湖北美術學院。
林秀茹(2013)。親子談「心」說「性」落實家庭性教育。家庭教育雙月刊(45),59-67。
林函諭(2011)。電子繪本設計及其在教學運用之研究。國立暨南國際大學, Available from Airiti AiritiLibrary database.
林敏宜(2000)。圖畫書的欣賞與應用。臺北:心理出版社。
法貝思(2006)。兒童發展 / Richard A. Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin著;白玉玲,王雅貞譯 (初版 ed.)。臺北市:雙葉書廊。
洪文瓊(1999)。電子書對傳統童書的挑戰及其教育價值。In: 出版界。
洪佳盟(2014)。數位繪本教學對國中生專注力、創意思考能力與英語閱讀成效之影響。國立成功大學,Available from Airiti AiritiLibrary database.
胡萍、賈方方(2019)胡萍:《性教育不能從青春期才開始》。婚姻與家庭期刊,24-26。
唐納·諾曼(2011)。情感@設計:為什麼有些設計讓你一眼就愛上,Donald A.Norman著;王鴻祥、翁鵲嵐、鄭玉屏、張志傑譯。臺北市:遠流。
席格勒(2004)。兒童認知發展:概念與應用 / Robert S. Siegler作;林美珍編譯 (初版 ed.)。臺北市:心理。
晏涵文(2011)。性.兩性關係與性教育 晏涵文著 (二版)。臺北:心理出版社,23-26。
晏涵文、李蘭、白瑞聰、林燕卿(1992)。幼兒園至國小六年級學生、家長及教師對實施性教育內容之需求研究。衛生教育雜誌,13,1-17。
郝廣才(2006)。好繪本 如何好 / 郝廣才文 (初版)。 格林文化。
馬苗苗(2017)。新媒體環境下兒童繪本形式的多元化。教育觀察(上半月),6(05),135-137。
國民健康署(2020)。搶先看~臺灣學齡前兒童健康圖像-視覺資訊圖與重點描繪,上網日期2018年9月17日,修改日期2020年9月28日,檢自:https://www.hpa.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeid=248&pid=8934
張惠純(2008)。數位媒體運用於幼稚園繪本教學之研究。中華印刷科技年報,302-313。doi:10.30153/jcagst.200803.0021
張晶(2018)。傳統繪本與數字繪本對幼兒情感教育效果的比較研究。(碩士)。華東師範大學,Available from Cnki。
張麗雲、吳璧如(2007)。國內性教育教學介入成效之後設分析。臺灣性學學刊,13(2),1-20。 doi:10.6784/fjs.200709.0001
梁雪櫻、吳秀如(2012)。兒童心理學:如何與孩子知心.交心 / 梁雪櫻,吳秀如譯 (初版)。合記圖書出版。
畢凌霄(2013)。兒童繪本的教育功能探析。韶關學院學報,34(7),139-142。
許杏安、邱惠如(2013)。繪本裡的生命教育,臺灣教育評論月刊,2(12),122-125。
郭芳彣(2017)。幼兒閱讀紙本圖畫書與電子童書對故事理解之效果研究。國立臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系幼兒教育專班碩士論文,台北市。
程文婷、王軍(2015)。親子閱讀視角下電子繪本與紙質繪本的閱讀差異研究。圖書情報工作,59(22),64-71。
黃金花(2008)。幼兒性教育目標與內容的研究。(碩士)。湖南師範大學, Available from Cnki。
楊建平(2018)。幼兒家庭性教育存在的問題及對策研究——以重慶市C幼兒園為例。教育現代化,5(17),295-296+317。
葉君玲、陳國彥(2012)。父母性教育教養態度與子女性知識關係之研究:以高雄市國小六年級學生為例。人文社會電子學報,8(2),68-98。doi:10.30134/stoshss.201209.0005
歐曉燕(2012)。幼兒園性教育活動實施的行動研究。(碩士)。西南大學, Available from Cnki。
鄭瑞菁(2005)。幼兒文學 / 鄭瑞菁著 (第二版)。臺北:心理出版社,203-208。
聯合國(1989)。兒童權利公約,檢自:https://www.unicef.org/child-rights-convention/convention-text
聯合國教科文組織(2018)。《國際性教育技術指導綱要》。(原版:International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education: An evidence-informed approach)。
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
數位內容碩士學位學程
108462016
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0108462016
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[數位內容碩士學位學程] 學位論文
[數位內容碩士學位學程] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
201601.pdf29531KbAdobe PDF0View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing