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Title: Pre-Song Daoist Exorcism (道教法術) and its Relationship with Heavenly Masters Daoism
Authors: 常志靜
Reiter, Florian C.
Contributors: 華人宗教研究
Keywords: Daoist exorcism (Wulei fa 五雷法) ; Heavenly Masters Daoism (Tianshi dao 天師道) ; Wang Wenqing 王文卿 (1093-1153) ; Ye Fashan 葉法善 (631-720) ; Ye Qianshao 葉千韶 (fl. 9^(th) cent.) 
五雷法 ; 天師道 ; 王文卿 ; 葉法善 ; 葉千韶
Date: 2019-07
Issue Date: 2021-12-07 09:04:54 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This article challenges common assumptions concerning Song 宋 (960-1279)and Yuan 元 (1279-1368) Daoist exorcism called Wulei fa 五雷法, also referred to as Thunder Magic rituals, and Divine Empyrean Daoism (Shenxiao dao 神霄道)that suggest these traditions introduced a new Daoism in the Song-period or augmented Daoism by adapting to folk-traditions of healing practices and other magic competencies. The author argues that, contrary to assumptions, Daoist exorcist practices were a religious phenomenon that always was associated with Heavenly Masters Daoism (Tianshi dao 天師道). The article explains that Daoist exorcism was conceived as a crucial part of liturgical Daoism in the Heavenly Masters tradition. The author also considers potential reasons for the late inclusion of exorcist rituals in the Daozang 道藏 and their further documentation therein. Arguments are mainly based on canonical biographical sources and expert statements by high ranking Daoists of the Tang 唐 (618-907). Such sources refer to the purposes of Heavenly Masters Daoism and claim the presence and practical reality of Daoist exorcism to be genuine elements of Daoist religious culture.
Relation: 華人宗教研究, 14, 83-110
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文

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