Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: 烏克蘭國族認同演變之研究
A Study on The Evolution of Ukrainian National Identity
Authors: 櫻井恒平
Sakurai, Kohei
Contributors: 林永芳
Lin, Yung-Fang
Kohei Sakurai
Keywords: 烏克蘭
National Identity
Identity Politics
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2022-01-03 16:16:18 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 無論是國家之間或是國家內部,國族認同(national identity)都是21世紀政治秩序與民族政治的核心,對烏克蘭而言更是如此。自從蘇聯瓦解後,該國嘗試與俄羅斯保持距離。然而,烏克蘭和俄羅斯卻因兩國之間的歷史恩怨以及語言和宗教方面的差異而陷入衝突局面,而所有這些問題的根源主要來自於烏克蘭人民的國族認同分歧。

烏克蘭擁有極其複雜的歷史,從基輔羅斯(Kievan Rus’)時期到當代主權獨立時期,該國一直被不同政權所統治。在漫長的歷史演進過程中,烏克蘭國族認同也經歷了從無到有的轉變。蘇聯時期,烏克蘭國族認同受到蘇聯民族語言政策與烏克蘭民族主義的交互影響,以致於造就東西部意識形態的差距。後共時期,烏克蘭開始國族建構的進程,但該國社會在國族認同的問題上仍維持著高度分裂。再者,執政菁英的無能為力也導致了公民革命與公民運動的發生。儘管烏克蘭近年以來的公共話語中仍存在爭議議題,國族認同正邁向穩定發展。

National identity is central to the political order and ethnic politics, whether between states or within a state, in the twenty-first century; this is, especially evident in the case of Ukraine. The country has attempted to distance itself from Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union. However, Ukraine and Russia share a conflictual relationship due to historical grievances and, linguistic, and religious differences, and all of these issues are primarily rooted in a split in the national identity held by people in Ukrainian.

Ukraine has a complex history; it had been under the rule of various regimes from the era of the Kievan Rus' until its independence from Soviet Union. Over the course of this long history, Ukrainian national identity in Ukraine has evolved from nothing to something. During the Soviet era, national identity in Ukraine was influenced by the interaction between the Soviet nationality policy and Ukrainian nationalism, resulting in an ideological gap between the eastern and western regions of Ukraine. In the post-Soviet era, Ukraine began the process of nation-building, but Ukrainian society remains highly divided regarding questions of national identity. Furthermore, the ineptitude of Ukraine’s ruling elite has led to civic revolutions and movements. Nonetheless, although controversies remain in recent Ukrainian public discoure, national identity is stabilizing.

This paper adopts the theoretical frameworks of social construction theory, social identity theory, and historical institutionalism to analyze the evolution of Ukrainian national identity over various historical periods. This paper also explores factors that pull in different directions with regard to the future development of Ukrainian national identity.
Reference: 一、 中文文獻
(一) 專書

(二) 專書譯著
Plokhy, Serhii著,2019。曾毅譯,《歐洲之門—烏克蘭2000年史》(The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine)。北京:中信出版社。

(三) 期刊論文

(四) 學位論文

(五) 網路資料
倪世傑,「倪世傑:蘇聯解體25年,樓從哪裏開始歪了?」,端傳媒, (檢索於2021年8月29日)。

二、 英文文獻
(一) 專書
Adair, John G., Bélanger, David, & Dion, Kenneth L., 1998. Advances in Psychological Science, Vol. 1: Social, Personal, and Cultural Aspects, Hove: Psychology Press.
Anderson, Benedict, 2006. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London: Verso.
Berger, Peter L. & Luckmann, Thomas, 1991. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge, London: Penguin Books.
Beissinger, Mark R., 2002. Nationalist Mobilization and the Collapse of the Soviet State, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brubaker, Roger, 2004. Ethnicity without Groups, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gellner, Ernest, 1983. Nations and Nationalism, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Gudykunst, William B., 2004. Bridging Differences: Effective Intergroup Communication, California: SAGE Publications Inc..
Hammersley, Martyn & Atkinson, Paul, 1995. Ethnography: Principles in Practice. 2 ed., London: Routledge.
Hann, Christopher, & Magocsi, Paul R., 2005. Galicia: A Multicultured Land, London: University of Toronto Press.
Katznelson, Ira & Weingast, Barry R., 2005. Preferences and Situations: Points of Intersection between Historical and Rational Choice Institutionalism, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Kubicek, Paul, 2008. The History of Ukraine, California: Greenwood Press.
Kuzio, Taras, 2002. Ukraine: State and Nation Building, New York: Routledge.
Martin, Terry, 2001. The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923–1939, Ithaca & London: Cornell University Press.
Motyl, Alexander J., 1987. Will the Non-Russians Rebel? : State, Ethnicity, and Stability in the USSR, New York: Cornell University Press.
Naimark, Norman M., 2010. Stalin's Genocides, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Prizel, Ilya & Dunlop, John B., 1998. National Identity and Foreign Policy: Nationalism and Leadership in Poland, Russia and Ukraine, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ritchie, Jane, Lewis, Jane, Nicholls, Carol McNaughton, & Ormston, Rachel, 2003. Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science Students and Researchers, London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Smith, Anthony D., 1991. National Identity, Nevada: University of Nevada Press.
Steinmo, Sven, Thelen, Kathleen, & Longstreth, Frank, 1992. Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tajfel, Henri, 1981. Human Groups and Social Categories: Studies in Social Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridege University Press.
Wilson, Andrew, 2015. The Ukrainians: Unexpected Nation, New Haven; London: Yale University Press.
Wendt, Alexander, 1999. Social Theory of International Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Yekelchyk, Serhy, 2007. Ukraine: Birth of a Modern Nation, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zisserman-Brodsky, Dina, 2003. Constructing Ethnopolitics in the Soviet Union: Samizdat, Deprivation and the Rise of Ethnic Nationalism, New York: Palgrave.

(二) 專書篇章
Kulyk, Volodymyr, 2014. “ Soviet Nationalities Policies and the Discrepancy between Ethnocultural Identification and Language Practice in Ukraine, ” in Mark Beissinger & Stephen Kotkin, eds., Historical Legacies of Communism in Russia and Eastern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 202-221.
Schwandt, Thomas A., 2000. “ Three Epistemological Stances for Qualitative Inquiry: Interpretivism, Hermeneutics, and Social Constructionism, ” in Norman K. Denzin & Yvonna S. Lincoln, ed., Handbook of Qualitative Research. California: SAGE Publications Inc., pp. 189-213.
Tajfel, Henri & Turner, John C., 2004. “ The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior, ” in John T. Jost & Jim Sidanius, eds., Political psychology: Key readings. New York: Psychology Press, pp. 276-293.

(三) 期刊論文
Andrews, Tom, “ What Is Social Constructionism? , ” Grounded Theory Review, Vol. 11, No. 1, (2012), pp. 39-46.
Bernsand, Niklas, “ Surzhyk and National Identity in Ukrainian Nationalist Language Ideology, ” Berliner Osteuropa-Info, Vol. 17, (2001), pp. 38-47.
Birch, Sarah, “ Interpreting the Regional Effect in Ukrainian Politics, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 52, No. 6, (2000), pp. 1017-1041.
Bowen, Glenn A., “ Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method, ” Qualitative Research Journal, Vol. 9, No. 2, (2009), pp. 27-40.
Brudny, Yitzhak M. & Finkel, Evgeny, “ Why Ukraine Is Not Russia: Hegemonic National Identity and Democracy in Russia and Ukraine, ” East European Politics and Societies, Vol. 25, No. 4, (2011), pp. 815-833.
Burant, Stephen R., “ Foreign Policy and National Identity: A Comparison of Ukraine and Belarus, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 47, No. 7, (1995), pp. 1125-1144.
Bureiko, Nadiia & Moga Teodor L., “ The Ukrainian–Russian Linguistic Dyad and Its Impact on National Identity in Ukraine, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 71, No. 1, (2019), pp. 137-155.
Conover, Pamela Johnston, “ The Influence of Group Identifications on Political Perception and Evaluation, ” The Journal of Politics, Vol. 46, No. 3, (1984), pp. 760-785.
Farrell, Henry & Newman, Abraham L., “ Making Global Markets: Historical Institutionalism in International Political Economy, ” Review of International Political Economy, Vol. 17, No. 4, (2010), pp. 609-638.
Feklyunina, Valentina, “ Soft Power and Identity: Russia, Ukraine and the ‘Russian World (s)’ , ” European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 22, No. 4, (2016), pp. 773-796.
Fukuyama, Francis, “ Why National Identity Matters, ” Journal of Democracy, Vol. 29, No. 4, (2018), pp. 5-15.
Gee, Gretchen Knudson, “ Geography, Nationality, and Religion in Ukraine: A Research Note, ” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 34, No. 3, (1995), pp. 383-390.
Graziosi, Andrea, “ The Soviet 1931-1933 Famines and the Ukrainian Holodomor: Is a New Interpretation Possible, and What Would Its Consequences Be? , ” Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 27, No. 1/4, (2004), pp. 97-115.
Guibernau, Montserrat, “ Anthony D. Smith on Nations and National Identity, ” Nations and Nationalism, Vol. 10, No. 1/2, (2004), pp. 125-141.
Guthier, Steven L., “ The Popular Base of Ukrainian Nationalism in 1917, ” Slavic Review, Vol. 38, No. 1, (1979), pp. 30-47.
Himka, John-Paul, “ The Basic Historical Identity Formations in Ukraine: A Typology, ” Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1/4, (2006), pp. 483-500.
Hrytsak, Yaroslav, “ National Identities in Post-Soviet Ukraine: The Case of Lviv and Donetsk, ” Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 22, (1998), pp. 263-281.
Kappeler, Andreas, “ Ukraine and Russia: Legacies of the Imperial Past and Competing Memories, ” Journal of Eurasian Studies, Vol. 5, No. 2, (2014), pp. 107-115.
Kindrachuk, Nadia M., “ The Oppression of Ukrainian National Identity by the Soviet Mass Media: Political and Ideological Censorship 60’s and 70’s of the Twentieth Century, ” Historia i Polityka, Vol. 35, No. 28, (2019), pp. 103-110.
Korostelina, Karina V., “ Mapping National Identity Narratives in Ukraine, ” Nationalities Papers, Vol. 41, No. 2, (2013), pp. 293-315.
Krindatch, Alexei D., “ Religion in Postsoviet Ukraine as a Factor in Regional, Ethno-Cultural and Political Diversity, ” Religion, State & Society, Vol. 31, No. 1, (2003), pp. 37-73.
Kulyk, Volodymyr, “ Language and Identity in Ukraine after Euromaidan, ” Thesis Eleven, Vol. 136, No. 1, (2016), pp. 90-106.
Kulyk, Volodymyr, “ Language identity, linguistic diversity and political cleavages: evidence from Ukraine, ” Nations and nationalism, Vol. 17, No. 3, (2011), pp. 627-648.
Kulyk, Volodymyr, “ National Identity in Ukraine: Impact of Euromaidan and the War, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 68, No. 4, (2016), pp. 588-608.
Kulyk, Volodymyr, “ The Age Factor in Language Practices and Attitudes: Continuity and Change in Ukraine's Bilingualism, ” Nationalities Papers, Vol. 43, No. 2, (2015), pp. 283-301.
Kuzio, Taras, “ History, Memory and Nation Building in the Post-Soviet Colonial Space, ” Nationalities Papers, Vol. 30, No. 2, (2002), pp. 241-264.
Kuzio, Taras, “ Identity and Nation-Building in Ukraine: Defining the ‘Other’ , ” Ethnicities, Vol. 1, No. 3, (2001), pp. 343-365.
Kuzio, Taras, “ National Identity and History Writing in Ukraine, ” Nationalities Papers, Vol. 34, No. 4, (2006), pp. 407-427.
Kuzio, Taras, “ Nationalism, Identity and Civil Society in Ukraine: Understanding the Orange Revolution, ” Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 43, No. 3, (2010), pp. 285-296.
Kuzio, Taras, “ Stalinism and Russian and Ukrainian National Identities, ” Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 50, No. 4, (2017), pp. 289-302.
Labuschagne, Adri, “ Qualitative Research: Airy Fairy or Fundamental, ” The Qualitative Report, Vol. 8, No. 1, (2003), pp. 100-103.
Liber, George O., “ Imagining Ukraine: Regional Differences and the Emergence of an Integrated State Identity, 1926–1994, ” Nations and Nationalism, Vol. 4, No. 2, (1998), pp. 187-206.
Marples, David R., “ Ethnic Issues in the Famine of 1932–1933 in Ukraine, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 61, No. 3, (2009), pp. 505-518.
Melnykovska, Inna, Schweickert, Rainer L. & Kostiuchenko, Tetiana, “ Balancing National Uncertainty and Foreign Orientation: Identity Building and the Role of Political Parties in Post-Orange Ukraine, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 63, No. 6, (2011), pp. 1056-1058.
Motyl, Alexander J., “ Deleting the Holodomor: Ukraine Unmakes Itself, ” World Affairs, Vol. 173, No. 3, (2010), pp. 25-33.
Pierson, Paul, “ Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics, ” The American Political Science Review, Vol. 94, No. 2, (2000), pp. 251-267.
Pirie, Paul S., “ National Identity and Politics in Southern and Eastern Ukraine, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 48, No. 7, (1996), pp. 1079-1104.
Polese, Abel, “ Language and Identity in Ukraine: Was It Really Nation-Building? , ” Studies of Transition States and Societies, Vol. 3, No. 3, (2011), pp. 36-50.
Riabchuk, Mykola, “ Holodomor: The Politics of Memory and Political Infighting in Contemporary Ukraine, ” Harriman Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, (2008), pp. 3-9.
Shevel, Oxana, “ The Battle for Historical Memory in Postrevolutionary Ukraine, ” Current History, Vol. 115, No. 783, (2016), pp. 258-263.
Shulman, Stephen, “ The Contours of Civic and Ethnic National Identification in Ukraine, ” Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 56, No. 1, (2004), pp. 35-56.
Shulman, Stephen, “ National Identity and Public Support for Political and Economic Reform in Ukraine, ” Slavic Review, Vol. 64, No. 1, (2005), pp. 59-87.
Shumlianskyi, Stanislav, “ Conflicting Abstractions: Language Groups in Language Politics in Ukraine, ” International Journal of the Sociology of Language, Vol. 2010, No. 201 (2010), pp. 135-161.
Stepanenko, Viktor, “ How Ukrainians View Their Orange Revolution: Public Opinion and the National Peculiarities of Citizenry Political Activities, ” Demokratizatsiya, Vol. 13, No. 4 (2005), pp. 595-616.
Szporluk, Roman, “ Ukraine: From an Imperial Periphery to a Sovereign State, ” Daedalus, Vol. 126, No. 3, (1997), pp. 85-119.
Szporluk, Roman, “ West Ukraine and West Belorussia: Historical Tradition, Social Communication, and Linguistic Assimilation, ” Soviet Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1, (1979), pp. 76-98.
Torbakov, Igor, “ Ukraine: Vagaries of the post-Soviet transition, ” Demokratizatsiya, Vol. 8, No. 4, (2000), pp. 461-471.
Wendt, Alexander, “ Anarchy Is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics, ” International organization, Vol. 46, No. 2, (1992), pp. 391-425.
Wojnowski, Zbigniew, “ The Soviet People: National and Supranational Identities in the Ussr after 1945, ” Nationalities Papers, Vol. 43, No. 1, (2015), pp. 1-7.
Young, Richard A. & Collin, Audrey, “ Introduction: Constructivism and Social Constructionism in the Career Field, ” Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 64, Issue 3, (2004), pp. 373-388.
Zhurzhenko, Tatiana, “ A Divided Nation? Reconsidering the Role of Identity Politics in the Ukraine Crisis, ” Die Friedens-Warte, Vol. 89, No. 1/2, (2014), pp. 249-267.

(四) 網路資料
BBC News, “ Ukraine crisis in maps, ”, available at: (2015), accessed: Oct. 16, 2021.
Erlanger, Steven, “ The World; Learning to Fear Putin's Gaze, ” The New York Times, available at: (2001), accessed: Jan. 1, 2020.
Kiryukhin, Denys, “ Roots and Features of Modern Ukrainian National Identity and Nationalism, ” E-International Relations, available at: (2015), accessed: Sep. 2, 2021.
Kulyk, Volodymyr, “ Memory and Language: Ukraine’s Divergent Policies on Two Controversial Issues, ” PONARS Eurasia, available at: (2017), accessed: Oct. 16, 2021.
Maksymiuk, Jan, “ Russia afraid of Ukraine's de-Russification?, ” The Ukrainian Weekly, available at: (2000), accessed: Jan. 2, 2020.
Nahaylo, Bohdan, “ Zelenskyy’s vision for Ukrainian national identity, ” Atlantic Council, available at: (2020), accessed: Sep. 3, 2021.
Pop-Eleches, Grigore, “ Revolutions in Ukraine: Shaping Civic Rather Than Ethnic Identities, ” PONARS Eurasia, available at: (2018), accessed: Sep. 25, 2021.
Soltys, Dennis, “ Why Poroshenko lost, ” Atlantic Council,, available at: (2019), accessed: Oct. 23, 2021.
Sudyn, Danylo, “ Born or becoming Ukrainian? , ” The Ukrainian Weekly, available at: (2019), accessed: Mar. 26, 2021.

(五) 百科全書
Encyclopedia of Ukraine (1993), Vol. 5, s.v. “ Ukrainians, ” by Volodymyr Kubijovyč et al.

三、 俄文文獻
(一) 專書
Бердяев, Н., 1955. Истоки и смысл русского коммунизма, Париж: YMCA Пресс.
Государственный комитет СССР по статистике. Информационно-издательский центр, 1991. Национальный состав населения СССР. По данным Всесоюзной переписи населения 1989 г., Москва: Издательство «Финансы и статистика».
Калтахчян, С. Т., 1976. Собаки - Струна, Большая советская энциклопедия. 3-е издание. Том 24, Кн. 1, Москва: Советская энциклопедия.
КПСС, 1962. XXII съезд Коммунистической партии Советского Союза. 17-31 октября 1961 года. Стенографический отчет. Том 1, Мосвква: Госполитиздат.

(二) 期刊論文
Арутюнова, М. А., « Языковая политика и статус русского языка в СССР и государствах постсоветского пространства, » Вестник Московского университета. Серия 25: Международные отношения и мировая политика, № 1, (2012), С. 155-178.
Барбашин, М. Ю., « Советская идентичность в этносоциальном пространстве: институциональные особенности, » Теория и практика общественного развития, № 7, (2012), С. 45-50.
Гребенок, М. Н., « Советский народ: государственно-политический конструкт, » Аналитика культурологии, № 21, (2011), С. 1-4.
Кравец, Д., « Национальная политика большевиков советской Украины в западноукраинской общественно-политической мысли 1920-х гг., » Legea şi Viaţa, Вып. 269, № 5/3, (2014), С. 11-14.
Подолянская, А. О., « Этнополитическая трансформация Беларуси и Украины сквозь призму миграций, » Полис. Политические исследования, № 2, (2010), С. 54-63.
Томайчук, Л. В., « Мифологизация истории как инструмент конструирования национальной идентичности на современной Украине и в Беларуси, » Terra Humana, № 3, (2012), С. 52-55.
Томайчук, Л. В., « Язык и национальная идентичность: украинский контекст, » Формирование добрососедских этноконфессианальных отношениё как одна из важнейших задач современной цивилизации, № 3, (2013), С. 126-130.
Тураев, В. А., « Кризис советской идентичности и распад СССР, » Россия и АТР, № 4 (90), (2015), С. 5-17.
Щербак, А. Н., Болячевец, Л. С., Платонова, Е. С., « История советской национальной политики: колебания маятника?, » Политическая наука, № 1, (2016), С. 100-123.

(三) 網路資料
Гладких, М., « «Наша влада буде страшною!» Украинские националисты устроили террор в Польше. Их благословил сам Гитлер, », режим доступа: (2018), дата обращения: июл. 3, 2021.
Интерфакс, « Более 600 тысяч жителей ЛНР и ДНР получили российские паспорта, » режим доступа: (2021), дата обращения: окт. 23, 2021.
КПСС, « Конституция (Основной Закон) Союза Советских Социалистических Республик (утверждена II Съездом Советов Союза ССР от 31 января 1924 г.) (с изменениями и дополнениями) (прекратила действие), » Сайт конституции Российского федерации, режим доступа: (1924), дата обращения: авг. 9, 2021.
Портнов, А., « Украинский шпагат, » Уроки истории, режим доступа: (2014), дата обращения: окт. 11, 2021.
Семёнов, М., « Красные отцы украинской нации - Большевики хотели укрепить власть на окраинах. Так появились настоящие украинцы, », режим доступа: (2018), дата обращения: июл. 1, 2021.
Чех, М., Грынив, И., « Национальный вопрос: Украина как Европа, » ZN,UA, режим доступа: (2017), дата обращения: сен. 25, 2021.
Электронная библиотека исторических документов, « 29 декабря. Союзный рабоче-крестьянский договор между РСФСР и Украинской ССР, утвержденный VIII Всероссийским съездом Советов, и дополнительное постановление к регламенту Всероссийских съездов Советов, » режим доступа: (1920), дата обращения: июн. 26, 2021.

四、 烏文文獻
(一) 專書
Кормич, Л. І., Багацький, В. В., 2001. Історія України від найдавніших часів І до XXI століття, Харків: Одисей.
Рубльов, О., 2004. Західноукраїнська інтелігенція у загальнонаціональних політичних та культурних процесах:(1914-1939), Київ: Інститут історії України НАН України.
Ясь, О. В., 2018. Енциклопедія історії України: Україна—Українці. Кн. 1, Київ: Видавництво «Наукова думка».

(二) 期刊論文
Віленська, Е. В., Поклад, В. І., « Національно-культурні орієнтації мешканців Луганської області, » Філософська і соціологічна думка, № 4, (1993), С. 49-60.

(三) 網路資料
Історична Правда, « 20 Років Референдуму на підтвердження Акту незалежності. Підсумки, » режим доступу: (2011), останній перегляд: вер. 3, 2020.
РБК-Україна, « Рада отстранила Януковича и назначила выборы президента на 25 мая 2014 г., » режим доступу: (2014), останній перегляд: січ. 2, 2020.

(四) 研究報告
Державна Служба Статистики України, « Статистичний збірник « Регіони України » 2019. частина 1, » режим доступу: (2020), останній перегляд: чер. 8, 2021.
Description: 碩士
Source URI:
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
300201.pdf5145KbAdobe PDF369View/Open

All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

社群 sharing