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Title: 西班牙內戰、歷史記憶的再現及英雄論述:研讀塞爾卡斯、門多薩及森普倫的當代小說(2/3)
Spanish Civil War, Representation of Historical Memory and Discourse of Heroes in the Novels by Javier Cercas, Eduardo Mendoza and Jorge Semprún(2/3)
Authors: 楊瓊瑩
Yang, Chung-ying
Contributors: 歐洲語文學系
Keywords: 西班牙內戰;歷史記憶;英雄;混雜;集體記憶;創傷;偵探小說文類
Spanish Civil War;historical memory;hero;hybridity;collective memory;trauma;detective genre 
Date: 2021-07
Issue Date: 2022-01-04 16:04:51 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本計劃以文本分析為起點,將探討西班牙內戰、歷史記憶的再現及英雄論述等主題如何呈現在當代三位來自不同世代、文學書寫風格迥然不同但卻具社會影響力的男性作家(賽爾卡斯、門多薩及森普倫)之小說作品,期盼以多元、寬廣的角度研究當代小說的變革。本計畫將以三年期方式執行。第一年計畫聚焦於賽爾卡斯(Javier Cercas)如何運用混雜的文類結構,尤其是「見證小說」、偵探小說文體的模式在《薩拉米納的戰士》(Soldados de Salamina, 2001),重新陳述及再現歷史/真實與虛構所產生的衝突或困境。透過霍布瓦克所倡導的「集體記憶」的理念,審視作家如何在書寫及回憶的過程裡,改寫官方版本的歷史事件,進而探究與拯救過往不為人所知的歷史記憶。我也將應用皮爾森的「內在英雄」原型理論,建構或解構小說中的(無名)英雄人物的多元人格特點。第二年計畫將分析門多薩(Eduardo Mendoza)如何融入混雜的文類結構於《一個英國人在馬德里》(Riña de gatos. Madrid 1936, 2010),尤其是黑色小說/偵探小說、歷史小說或驚悚間諜小說文體的模式,再現了西班牙內戰爆發之際與虛構情節所產生的糾結與矛盾。我將試圖顛覆小說中的英雄圖像與英雄論述。我也將探討門多薩藉著拼貼西班牙藝術/繪畫作品於小說章節中,如何呈現藝術與小說人物角色的關聯,以及藝術與社會的對談。第三年計畫將分析森普倫(Jorge Semprún)如何運用混雜的文類結構及互文性在《二十年及一日》(Veinte años y un día, 2003),以便建構或解構西班牙內戰/近期歷史與想像所產生的疆界模糊。我將探索小說中不同世代的人物在西班牙內戰、佛朗哥獨裁執政期及後佛朗哥時期的時代氛圍下,如何面對個人記憶及集體記憶所造成的衝突及創傷。除了探討畫作Judit y Holofernes與小說文本所虛構的1936年農民集體謀殺地主的事件之共通性,我也將分析畫作中的Judit及女僕合力斬首將領Holofernes如何被塑造成「女英雄」而終能捍衛自由及女性主體價值。 
The present project will base on textual analysis to explore the Spanish Civil War, the representation of historical memory and the discourse of heroes as central themes in the novels by three male writers (Javier Cercas, Eduardo Mendoza and Jorge Semprún) from different generations with distinct literary styles in order to research the evolution of contemporary Spanish narrative. This project will be conducted in three years. In the first year, I will focus on how Javier Cercas employs the hybrid genres, especially the “novela testimonial” and the detective genre, in an attempt to retell and represent conflict or dilemma as consequence of the blurring of reality and fiction in Soldados de Salamina (2001). Drawing from the concept of “collective memory" by Maurice Halbwachs, I will examine how Cercas, in his process of writing and remembering, intends to rewrite official versions of historical truth, explore and rescue some repressed historical memories of the past. I will also apply the heroic archetypes defined by Carol S. Pearson in order to construct or deconstruct (unknown) heroes’ multiple personalities in the novel. In the second year, I will analyze how Eduardo Mendoza employs the hybrid structural elements, especially the genres of novela negra, historical novel or spy thriller novel, to represent contradictions caused by dissolving the boundaries of the Civil War and the fictionalized historical episodes in Riña de gatos.Madrid 1936 (2010). I will subvert the portraits of anti-heroes and the discourse of heroes. Moreover, I will examine how Mendoza incorporates Spanish art (painting) in the numerous episodes of the novel, how art is connected with the development of characters as well as the dialogues between art and society. In the third year, I will center on how Jorge Semprún used the techniques of mixed genres and intertextuality in Veinte años y un día (2003) with the purpose of constructing or deconstructing the blurring of the Civil War and imagination. I will explore how characters from different generations (at the outset of Spanish Civil War, the Franco dictatorship and post-Francoism) will challenge conflict and trauma from personal memories and collective memories. In addition to compare the similarities between the classic paining Judit y Holofernes and the fictional murder of the wealthy landlord by farm workers in 1936, I would like to analyze how Judit and her maid work together to behead the invading army's general, Holofernes, and will be featured as female heroes to defend their own freedom and women's subjectivity. 
Relation: 科技部, MOST108-2410-H004-023, 10908 ~ 11007
Data Type: report
Appears in Collections:[歐洲語文學系] 國科會研究計畫

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