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Title: 雲林縣永續發展的指標建構與因應策略
Construct Sustainable Development Competitiveness Index and Policy Recommendations for Yunlin County
Authors: 張嘉郡
Chang, Chia-Chun
Contributors: 童振源
Tung, Chen-Yuan
Chang, Chia-Chun
Keywords: 地方創生
Regional Revitalization
Sustainable Development
Urban Competitiveness
Principal Components Analysis
Date: 2022
Issue Date: 2022-03-01 17:39:21 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究目的希冀發掘雲林縣的永續發展優劣勢、機遇與挑戰。惟為達成此目的,須先建構含括雲林縣在內臺灣22個縣市的永續發展競爭力指標(SDCI),進而量化評估雲林縣的的優勢、劣勢、機會威脅,最終徵詢與匯整專家學者的寶貴意見,提出雲林縣永續發展的因應策略。
二是利用主成分分析(PCA),建構臺灣22個縣市永續發展競爭力指標(SDCI),含括10大構面77個細項指標。PCA是一種統計技術,客觀賦予各細項指標權重,且透過多個穩健性測試──內部一致性信度(Cronbach α)、多變量配對組T檢定(Hotelling's T2)、Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin(KMO)取樣適切性統計量、Bartlett球形檢驗,以及建構效度,並援引Chen and Woo (2010)與Tung, Wang and Yeh (2012)進行調校。
第四,匯整雲林縣各局處的訪談結果,當前雲林縣政府的永續發展競爭力措施,主要有三:招商引資且瞄準綠能、健康與文化產業。惟根據最終權重(final weught)可知,環境、文化、健康與醫療,最終權重分別為0.040、0.008與0.035,三者合計0.083;反之,基礎建設、政府治理與經濟的最終權重分別為0.132、0.387與0.152。換言之,雲林縣若考量後者,SDCI將可獲得更大程度的躍升。
Combining qualitative and quantitative research, this research analyzes Yunlin County's sustainable development competitiveness and prospects, and then develops supporting measures for the central and local governments in order to help the sustainable development and improves the urban competitiveness of Yunlin County.
There are three main findings of this research: First, at present, all countries are actively investing in the research of sustainable development competitiveness, specifically in Voluntary Local Review. However, a systematic and scientific indicator system has not yet been formed
For this purpose, this study uses principal component analysis (PCA) to construct sustainable development competitiveness index (SDCI), including Yunlin County and 21 counties and cities. Empirical results show that Yunlin County SDCI ranked 14th in 2019, located in the middle of Taiwan. Among them, the environmental competitiveness index ranks eighth, which is the most critical factor driving the overall ranking. Governance, economy, education and technology, and cultural competitiveness are flat, ranking 12th.
Yunlin County's public security and infrastructure construction competitiveness performance is relatively inferior, ranking 15th and 16th respectively. Population, health and medical care, and social welfare competitiveness need to be vigorously promoted, all ranking 19th. For this, it is not difficult to understand that Yunlin County holded VLR forum on September 17, 2021, and the first wave targeted the “big health industry”. This is the second finding of this study, which also highlights the rich policy implications of the empirical results.
In this context, this study interviewed scholars and experts, and summarized policy recommendations for enhancing the sustainable development competitiveness of Yunlin County.
There are three follow-up enhancement measures for Regional Revitalization: First, expand the scope of talent introduction, put it internationally, and broaden diverse targets. The second is to strengthen industry-university cooperation with universities and assist in publicity through the Local Workers Association. The third is to establish a city brand, focusing on the slow life of Yunlin County.
Secondly, there are four policy recommendations for sustainable operations: First, assist local sustainable operations, especially system support, to avoid attracting crowds, but not conducive to local consumption. The second is to assist manufacturers in finding supply chains and increase the incentives for Taiwanese businesses to set up factories in Yunlin. The third is to connect local finance and industry, and utilize local funds for industrial upgrading and transformation. Fourth, artificial intelligence (AI) is used to overcome the problem of population exodus and attract young people to work in their hometowns.
Thirdly, there are four policy recommendations for green energy and low carbon: First, from the perspective of use or carbon emissions, clarify the responsibilities of each county and city; but this depends on the central government's overall planning. The second is the relative industrial transformation, especially the green energy zone in Yunlin County, to avoid carbon trading tax overwhelming manufacturers' operations. The third is to think about Taiwan's overall energy strategy, or establish a rolling review mechanism - the elimination of nuclear power after technological advancement of renewable energy in the future. Fourth, green energy and low carbon still need to be adapted to local conditions. This is the third finding of this study.
Finally, It is recommended that the Yunlin County Government establish the Yunlin High-speed Railway Special Economic Zone, and establish the Yunlin High-speed Railway Special Economic Zone Administration and Yunlin Development Company, futher to open up higher education zones and venture capital parks, and then to connect the central and southern parts. At the same time, Yunlin should plan the MRT between Yunlin High-speed Railway Station and Taiwan Railway, and express roads and light rails between towns and villages.
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