Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/139312


Title: 中國收編越南菁英─運用影響力以達地緣政治目的之分析
Chinese Co-opting of Vietnamese Elites: An Analysis in the Exercise of Influence to Achieve Geopolitical Ends
Authors: 柏傑宓
Blaxland, James
Contributors: 林永芳
Ling, Yung-Fang
柏傑宓
Blaxland, James
Keywords: 中國
越南
菁英
China
Vietnam
Elites
Date: 2022
Issue Date: 2022-03-01 18:18:54 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 隨著中華人民共和國成為一個日益強大的全球參與者,中國共產黨大幅增加了其影響世界各國菁英的企圖。儘管這是一個有據可查的現象,但有些國家仍對此策略的研究較少。越南儘管是 21 世紀少數幾個名義上屬共產主義的國家之一,且與其強大的北方鄰國有著悠久的交織歷史,越南對於中國是否試著以及如何在該國菁英階級中獲得影響力,仍缺乏相關研究。

本文旨在彌補研究中的此一空白。本文首先透過案例研究,分析中國對於進入其勢力範圍的東南亞國家菁英的影響力。透過這一點,研究建立了影響者和受影響者的行為模式,可用於分析越南政治和商業不透明領域的情況。接著本文分析了中國與越南政府、企業和國有企業領域之間互動的幾個案例研究。研究發現,在東南亞的案例中,菁英階級對於越南背景下潛在持有者和目標的影響力,所表現出的行為模式存在相當大的重疊。鑑於兩國之間的來往關係密切,本文假設在中國對越南菁英日積月累的影響下,可能會對這個東南亞國家未來的政治穩定產生重大影響。
As the People’s Republic of China has become an increasingly powerful global player, the Chinese Communist Party has substantially increased its attempts to influence elites in countries around the world. Though this is a well-documented phenomenon, there are some countries in which this tactic has been less researched. Vietnam, despite being one of the few other nominally communist countries in existence in the 21st century, and despite having a long intertwining history with its powerful northern neighbour, is one such country where there is a dearth of research into whether and how Chinese actors are seeking to gain influence among elites.

This paper seeks to correct this gap in the research. It does so, firstly by analysing case studies of Chinese influence of elites in Southeast Asian countries that have moved into China’s sphere of influence. Through this, the research establishes patterns of behaviour, both on the part of the influencer and the influenced, which can be used to analyse the situation in the opaque realm of Vietnamese politics and business. From here, the research analyses several case studies of interactions between Chinese entities and Vietnamese figures in the fields of government, business, and state-owned enterprises. The research finds that there is considerable overlap in patterns of elite influence in the Southeast Asian case studies, and in the patterns of behaviour exhibited by potential purveyors and targets of influence in the Vietnamese context. Given the frequently fraught nature of the ties between these two countries, this paper hypothesises that ongoing Chinese influence of elites in Vietnam could have substantial ramifications for the Southeast Asian nation’s political stability in the future.
Reference: ABBank. (2021). ABBank Annual Report 2020. Retrieved from ABBank: https://www.abbank.vn/uploads/files/2021/04/29/c6728c/phpjbkicd-abb-bctn-2020-en-final.pdf

AidData. (2021). AidData's Global Chinese Development Finance Dataset, Version 2.0. Retrieved from https://www.aiddata.org/data/aiddatas-global-chinese-development-finance-dataset-version-2-0

American Enterprise Institute. (2021, May 6). China Global Investment Tracker. Retrieved 2021, from China Global Investment Tracker: https://www.aei.org/china-global-investment-tracker/

Anh, H. (2018, November 29). Deputy Minister Nguyen Van Thanh receives Chinese delegation. Retrieved from Ministry of Public Security of Socialist Republic of Vietnam: http://en.bocongan.gov.vn/international-relations-cooperation/deputy-minister-nguyen-van-thanh-receives-chinese-delegation-t5319.html

Anh, T. (2018, October 11). Minister To Lam meets Chinese Secretary of Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission. Retrieved from Ministry of Public Security of Socialist Republic of Vietnam: http://en.bocongan.gov.vn/tintuc/Pages/articles.aspx?ItemID=5222

Bathke, B. (2018, October 5). Is Vietnam sliding deeper into authoritarianism? Retrieved from Deutsche Welle: https://www.dw.com/en/is-vietnam-sliding-deeper-into-authoritarianism/a-45769864

Batino, C., & Calonzo, A. (2018, May 16). Duterte Says China's Xi Won't Allow His Removal From Office. Retrieved from Bloomberg: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-16/duterte-says-china-s-xi-has-his-back-to-help-him-stay-in-power

BBC News. (2012, July 13). Asean nations fail to reach agreement on South China Sea. Retrieved from BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18825148

BBC News. (2016, January 25). Vietnam PM Nguyen Tan Dung pulls out of party boss race. Retrieved from BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-35401259

BBC News. (2018, June 11). Vietnam detains 100 after anti-China economic zone protests turn violent. Retrieved from BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44436019

BBC News. (2018, January 22). Vietnam jails most senior Communist Party official in decades. Retrieved from BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-42770847

Bemma, A. (2020, January 17). Vietnam’s battalions of ‘cyber-armies’ silencing online dissent. Retrieved from Al Jazeera: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/1/17/vietnams-battalions-of-cyber-armies-silencing-online-dissent

Bergin, T. (2008, July 22). UPDATE 1-Petrovietnam surveying oil block eyed by China-BP. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/bp-vietnam-idUSL22100883920080722

Blanchard, B. (2016, October 20). Duterte aligns Philippines with China, says U.S. has lost. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-philippinesidUSKCN12K0AS

Brady, A.-M. (2017). Magic Weapons: China's political influence activities under Xi Jinping. Washington DC: Woodrow Wilson Center.

Bui, L. (2018, December 21). Vietnam, China hold 4th Deputy Minister-level Security Dialogue. Retrieved from Ministry of Public Security of Socialist Republic of Vietnam: http://en.bocongan.gov.vn/international-relations-cooperation/vietnam-china-hold-4th-deputy-minister-level-security-dialogue-t5372.html

Bunthoeun, C. (2020, June 10). Sihanoukville records over $7 billion in construction. Retrieved from Khmer Times: https://www.khmertimeskh.com/732207/sihanoukville-records-over-7-billion-in-construction/

Cardenal, J. P., Kucharczyk, J., Mesežnikov, G., & Pleschová, G. (2017). Sharp Power: Rising Authoritarian Influence. National Endowment for Democracy.

Castro, R. C. (2016). The Duterte Administration’s Foreign Policy: Unravelling the Aquino Administration’s Balancing Agenda on an Emergent China. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 35(3), 139-159.

Chan, S. (2018, January 12). China asked to buy more sugarcane from Cambodia . Retrieved from Khmer Times: https://www.khmertimeskh.com/101596/china-asked-buy-sugarcane-cambodia/

Chi, M. (2018, April 23). 3 SEZs to cost Vietnam whopping $70 billion. Retrieved from VietnamNet: https://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/business/199302/3-sezs-to-cost-vietnam-whopping--70-billion.html

China Merchant Holdings (International) Company Limited. (2010, April 29). Formation of Joint Venture In Vietnam. Hong Kong.

Chinh, G. (2020, May 18). Chinese acquisition of prime land worries Vietnam defense ministry. Retrieved from VnExpress: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/chinese-acquisition-of-prime-land-worries-vietnam-defense-ministry-4101238.html

Ciorciari, J. D. (2015). A Chinese model for patron–client relations? The Sino-Cambodian partnership. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 15(2), 245-278.

CNN Philippines. (2016, June 9). Davao City business magnates top donors in Duterte campaign. Retrieved from CNN Philippines: https://cnnphilippines.com/news/2016/06/09/duterte-top-campaign-donors.html

CNN Philippines. (2020, September 10). Allowing China-backed Dito to build cell sites in military camps a ‘dumb’ move as security concerns hound PH — Carpio. Retrieved from CNN Philippines: https://www.cnn.ph/news/2020/9/10/Dito-telecommunity-cell-tower-military-camp-spying-security-Carpio.html

Corporate Planning Division, Vietnam Oil & Gas Group. (2018). Projects Calling for Investment. Retrieved from Petrovietnam.

Davidson, H., & Fonbuena, C. (2020, September 23). Facebook removes fake accounts with links to China and Philippines. Retrieved from The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/sep/23/facebook-removes-fake-accounts-with-links-to-china-and-philippines

Deutsche Welle. (2016, March 14). Vietnamese activists remember 1988 Spratly Islands clash with China. Retrieved from Deutsche Welle: https://www.dw.com/en/vietnamese-activists-remember-1988-spratly-islands-clash-with-china/a-19114754

Dezan Shira & Associates. (2017, September 25). Chinese FDI in Vietnam: Growing Economic Ties, Despite Strains. Retrieved from Vietnam Briefing: https://www.vietnam-briefing.com/news/vietnam-and-china-growing-economic-ties-despite-strains.html/

Do, T. T. (2016). ‘Firm in principles, flexible in strategy and tactics’: Understanding the logic of Vietnam’s China
policy. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, 2(1), 24-39.

Dunst, C., & Savino, S. (2020, May 27). Another pearl in China's string? Retrieved from The Lowy Interpreter: https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/another-pearl-china-s-string

Erie, M. S., & Ha, D. H. (2021). Law and Development Minus Legal Transplants: The Example of China in Vietnam. Asian Journal of Law and Society, 8, 372-401.

Fawthrop, T. (2019, March 26). Public criticism pressures Vietnam to back down on new economic zones. Retrieved from China Dialogue: https://chinadialogue.net/en/business/11154-public-criticism-pressures-vietnam-to-back-down-on-new-economic-zones/

Geleximco. (2018, December 7). TẬP ĐOÀN GELEXIMCO - Tổng hợp nguồn lực & Chia sẻ thành công. Retrieved from Geleximco: https://www.geleximco.vn/gioi-thieu/tap-doan-geleximco-tong-hop-nguon-luc-chia-se-thanh-cong-nd276.html

Global Energy Monitor. (2020, May 12). Duyen Hai Power Generation Complex. Retrieved from Global Energy Monitor: https://www.gem.wiki/Duyen_Hai_Power_Generation_Complex

Global Witness. (2016). Hostile Takeover: the Corporate Empire of Cambodia's Ruling Family. London: Global Witness.

Goh, E. (2016). Rising China's Influence in Developing Asia. (E. Goh, Ed.) Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Grossheim, M. (2021). Stasi Aid and the Modernization of the Vietnamese Secret Police. The International History Review, 43(1), 136-152. Retrieved from Wilson Center: https://5g.wilsoncenter.org/publication/stasi-aid-and-the-modernization-the-vietnamese-secret-police

Ha, L. T. (2019). Chinese FDI in Vietnam: Trends, Status and Challenges. ISEAS Perspective, 34.

Hameiri, S. (2019, July 27). Cambodia’s electric Chinese aid and investment affair. Retrieved from East Asia Forum: https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2019/07/27/cambodias-electric-chinese-aid-and-investment-affair/

Hamilton, C., & Ohlberg, M. (2020). Hidden Hand: Exposing How the Chinese Communist Party is Reshaping the World. Melbourne, Australia: Hardie Grant Books.

Hayton, B. (2018, March 23). South China Sea: Vietnam 'scraps new oil project'. Retrieved from BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-43507448

Hayton, B. (2020, July 22). China’s Pressure Costs Vietnam $1 Billion in the South China Sea. Retrieved from The Diplomat: https://thediplomat.com/2020/07/chinas-pressure-costs-vietnam-1-billion-in-the-south-china-sea/

Heder, S. (2011). Cambodia in 2010 - Hun Sen’s Further Consolidation. Asian Survey, 51(1), 208-214.

Heydarian, R. (2019, October 28). Philippines needs to be wary about welcoming Chinese technology. Retrieved from Nikkei Asia: https://asia.nikkei.com/Opinion/Philippines-needs-to-be-wary-about-welcoming-Chinese-technology

Hoa, K. (2015, January 22). Vietnam Approves New Casino for Foreign Gamblers. Retrieved from Radio Free Asia: https://www.rfa.org/english/news/vietnam/government-approves-casino-01222015174634.html

Hoa, V., Hung, T., & Cuong, V. (n.d.). Gelemxico invests in Doi Rong International tourism area project. Retrieved from Hai Phong Department of Planning And Investment: http://haiphongdpi.gov.vn/eng/gelemxico-invests-in-doi-rong-international-tourism-area-project/

Hoang, P. (2019). Domestic Protests and Foreign Policy: An Examination of Anti-China Protests in Vietnam and Vietnamese Policy Towards China Regarding the South China Sea. Journal
of Asian Security, 6(1), 1-29.

Hung, N. (2020, May 20). Những ông trùm tài chính Việt Nam – Vũ Văn Tiền ông chủ Geleximco. Retrieved from Vietnam Business Insider: https://vietnambusinessinsider.vn/nhung-ong-trum-tai-chinh-viet-nam-vu-van-tien-ong-chu-geleximco a3058.html

Huong, L. T. (2019). China's dual strategy of coercion and inducement towards ASEAN. The Pacific Review, 32(1), 20-36.

International Trade Administration. (2020, May 8). Market Intelligence: Philippines Telecommunications Market. Retrieved from International Trade Administration - US Department of Commerce: https://www.trade.gov/market-intelligence/philippines-telecommunications-market

Kawase, K. (2020, August 28). Chinese state port operator's India and Vietnam acquisitions stall. Retrieved from Nikkei Asia: https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Transportation/Chinese-state-port-operator-s-India-and-Vietnam-acquisitions-stall

Kuaycharoen, P., Longcharoen, L., Chotiwan, P., Sukin, K., & Researchers, L. I. (2020). Special Economic Zones and Land Dispossession in the Mekong Region. Land Watch Thai.

Legaspi, A. (2018, November 8). How did Mislatel get provisional 3rd telco status? Retrieved from GMA News: https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/money/companies/674047/how-did-mislatel-get-provisional-3rd-telco-status/story/

Lema, K. (2020, October 13). Philippine military boss says China telecoms spy risk 'very low'. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/philippines-security-telecoms-idUSL4N2H42CY

Lema, K., & Morales, N. J. (2020, August 28). Top Philippine diplomat recommends scrapping deals with blacklisted China firms. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/philippines-china-idCNL4N2FU15T

Loan, K. (2018, December 27). Ten laws to come into effect from January 1, 2019. Retrieved from Chinh Phu: http://news.chinhphu.vn/Home/Ten-laws-to-come-into-effect-
from-January-1-2019/201812/35550.vgp

London, J. D. (2016, January 14). Vietnam’s Leadership Succession Struggle. Retrieved from The Diplomat: https://thediplomat.com/2016/01/vietnams-leadership-succession-struggle/

Long, T. H. (2017, November 8). Vietnam’s Cybersecurity Draft Law: Made in China? Retrieved from The Vietnamese: https://www.thevietnamese.org/2017/11/vietnams-cyber-security-draft-law-made-in-china/

Lopez, M. L. (2020, September 8). Lorenzana signs deal for China-backed Dito to put up cell towers in military camps. Retrieved from CNN Philippines: https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/9/8/DND-deal-Dito-cell-towers-military-camps.html

Luc, T. A. (2018, July 14). Demonstrations in Vietnam should be a wake-up call for China. Retrieved from East Asia Forum: https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/07/14/demonstrations-in-vietnam-should-be-a-wake-up-call-for-china/

Mangosing, F. (2019, December 19). Chinese-backed bid for Sangley airport project triggers security fears. Retrieved from Inquirer: https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1203181/chinese-backed-bid-for-sangley-airport-project-triggers-security-fears

McInnes, M. (2015). Land is life: An analysis of the role 'grand corruption' plays in enabling elite grabbing of land in Cambodia. Conservation and Development in Cambodia: Exploring frontiers of change in nature, state and society, pp. 95-119.

McKirdy, E. (2019, January 2). 'Stalinist' Vietnamese cybersecurity law takes effect, worrying rights groups and online campaigners. Retrieved from CNN News: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/01/02/asia/vietnam-cybersecurity-bill-intl/index.html

Minh, D. (2020, November 17). Deputy minister takes over as Petrovietnam president. Retrieved from VnExpress: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/business/industries/deputy-minister-takes-over-as-petrovietnam-president-4193359.html

Minh, G., & Tran, Q. (2021, May 8). Work proceeds apace on Tan Son Nhat airport upgrade. Retrieved from VnExpress: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/work-proceeds-apace-on-tan-son-nhat-airport-upgrade-4275061.html

Minh, T. (2016, October 4). Vietnam’s Geleximco, Hong Kong Firm Partner for Mega Infras Projects. Retrieved from BizLIVE: https://nhipsongdoanhnghiep.cuocsongantoan.vn/biznews/vietnams-geleximco-hong-kong-firm-partner-for-mega-infras-projects-2042074.html

Montlake, S. (2013, January 20). Port In A Storm: An Interview With China Merchants Group. Retrieved from Forbes: https://www.forbes.com/sites/simonmontlake/2013/01/09/port-in-a-storm-an-interview-with-china-merchants-group/?sh=48f5da775f4f

Narin, S. (2020, October 8). Senator Ly Yong Phat’s Family Given Preah Sihanouk State Land for Tourism Development. Retrieved from VOA Cambodia: https://www.voacambodia.com/a/senator-ly-yong-phat-family-given-preah-sihanouk-state-land-for-tourism-development/5613723.html

Nghiep, C. (2021, September 16). Vietnam, China boost cooperation in crime combat. Retrieved from Ministry of Public Security of Socialist Republic of Vietnam: http://en.bocongan.gov.vn/articles/vietnam-china-boost-cooperation-in-crime-combat-t8241.html

Nguyen, H. H. (2021, March 29). Vietnam’s Frontrunner for Prime Minister: Bold Leader With Bold Plans. Retrieved from Fulcrum - Analysis on Southeast Asia: https://fulcrum.sg/vietnams-expected-next-prime-minister/

Nguyen, P. (2017, September 30). Vietnam – China to foster security cooperation. Retrieved from Ministry of Public Security of Socialist Republic of Vietnam: http://en.bocongan.gov.vn/international-relations-cooperation/vietnam--china-to-foster-security-cooperation-t4187.html

Nguyen, P. (2018, January 24). Vietnam - China to bolster security ties. Retrieved from Ministry of Public Security of Socialist Republic of Vietnam: http://en.bocongan.gov.vn/international-relations-cooperation/vietnam---china-to-bolster-security-ties-t4481.html

Nhan Dan. (2012, June 9). Chinese firm wins port building deal with EVN. Retrieved from Nhan Dan: https://en.nhandan.vn/_mobile_business/item/534802-.html?PageSpeed=noscript

Nhan Dan. (2021, February 20). Party and State leader, Prime Minister host Chinese Minister of Public Security. Retrieved from Nhan Dan: https://en.nhandan.vn/politics/external-relations/item/9604702-party-and-state-leader-prime-minister-host-chinese-minister-of-public-security.html

Nikkei Asia. (2017, September 17). China's projects in Vietnam earn reputation for poor quality, delays. Retrieved from Nikkei Asia: https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/China-s-projects-in-Vietnam-earn-reputation-for-poor-quality-delays2

Nye, J. (1990). Soft Power. Foreign Policy(80), 153-171.

Onishi, T. (2020, January 25). Vietnam carrier develops native 5G tech to lock out Huawei. Retrieved from Nikkei Asia: https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Telecommunication/Vietnam- carrier-develops-native-5G-tech-to-lock-out-Huawei

Page, J. (2012, December 3). Vietnam Accuses Chinese Ships. Retrieved from Wall Street Journal: https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323717004578157033857113510

Page, J., Lubold, G., & Taylor, R. (2019, July 22). Deal for Naval Outpost in Cambodia Furthers China’s Quest for Military Network. Retrieved from Wall Street Journal: https://www.wsj.com/articles/secret-deal-for-chinese-naval-outpost-in-cambodia-raises-u-s-fears-of-beijings-ambitions-11563732482

Pazzibugan, D. Z. (2017, July 19). PDP-Laban out to learn ideology from Communist Party of China. Retrieved from Inquirer: https://globalnation.inquirer.net/158865/pdp-laban-learn-ideology-communist-party-china

Petrovietnam. (2018). About Us. Retrieved from PetroVietnam: https://www.pvn.vn/sites/en/Pages/gioithieu.aspx?NewsID=86fc814c-a3c9-4a49-9e1e-c9e42f1fa052

PetroVietnam. (2021). Home. Retrieved from PetroVietnam: https://www.pvn.vn/sites/en/Pages/default.aspx

Petty, M. (2019, September 11). Philippines' Duterte says Xi offering gas deal if arbitration case ignored. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-philippines-china-southchinasea-idUSKCN1VW07O

Pew Research Centre. (2017). Global Indicators Database. Retrieved from Pew Research Centre: https://www.pewresearch.org/global/database/indicator/24

Po, S., & Primiano, C. B. (2020). An “Ironclad Friend”: Explaining Cambodia’s Bandwagoning Policy Towards China. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 39(4), 444-464.

Pye, D. (2014, March 13). Power couple linked to Sinohydro project. Retrieved from The Phnom Penh Post: https://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/power-couple-linked-sinohydro-project

Quy, N. (2021, April 7). Former PM's son Vietnam's new construction minister. Retrieved from VnExpress: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/former-pm-s-son-vietnam-s-new-construction-minister-4259883.html

Remo, A. R. (2016, October 23). Itemized list of PH projects covered by China’s $15-B investment pledges to Duterte. Retrieved from Inquirer: https://business.inquirer.net/217269/itemized-list-ph-projects-covered-chinas-15-b-investment-pledges-duterte

Reporters Without Borders. (2018, June 14). RSF calls for repeal of Vietnam’s new cybersecurity law. Retrieved from Reporters Without Borders: https://rsf.org/en/news/rsf-calls-repeal-vietnams-new-cybersecurity-law

Reporters Without Borders. (2021). Data of press freedom ranking 2021. Retrieved from Reporters Without Borders: https://rsf.org/en/ranking_table

Reuters. (2019, January 22). Cambodian leader, in Beijing, says China pledges nearly $600 million in aid. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cambodia-
china-idUSKCN1PG0CZ

Rodríguez, J. E. (2017, August 3). Repsol says drilling suspended on Vietnam oil block disputed by China. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-southchinasea-vietnam-idUSKBN1AI27D

Rosenzweig, J. (2019, April 25). The Missing Voices at China’s Belt and Road Summit. Retrieved from The Diplomat: https://thediplomat.com/2019/04/the-missing-voices-at-chinas-belt-and-road-summit/

Seangly, P. (2017, May 22). Police backtrack on Kith Meng logging accusations. Retrieved from The Phnom Penh Post: https://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/police-backtrack-kith-meng-logging-accusations

Situation in the Republic of the Philippines, ICC-01/21 (International Criminal Court September 15, 2021).

Strangio, S., & Titthara, M. (2010, January 29). Chinese linked to filling of lake. Retrieved from The Phnom Penh Post: https://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/chinese-linked-filling-lake

Tartar, A., Rojanasakul, M., & Diamond, J. S. (2018, April 23). How China Is Buying Its Way Into Europe. Retrieved from Bloomberg: https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2018-china-business-in-europe/

Textor, C. (2020). Annual flow of foreign direct investments from China to Vietnam between 2009 and 2019. Retrieved from Statista: https://www.statista.com/statistics/720408/china-outward-fdi-flows-to-vietnam/

Thayer, C. A. (2017, May 11). Vietnam: Dinh La Thang Victim of Factional Infighting? Thayer Consultancy Background Brief.

Thayer, C. A. (2017). Vietnam’s Foreign Policy in an Era of Rising Sino-US Competition and Increasing Domestic Political Influence. Asian Security, 13(3), 183-199.

Thayer, C. A. (2019). Domestic and Foreign Policy in Vietnam: The Future of Vietnamese Civil Society. Georgetown Journal of Asian Affairs, 5, 117-126.

Thayer, C. A. (2020, August 31). Vietnam: Crackdown on Journalists and Social Media. Thayer Consultancy Background Brief.

Thuy, H. (2021, October 14). Work on major components at Long Thanh Airport to begin in 2022. Retrieved from VnExpress: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/work-on-major-components-at-long-thanh-airport-to-begin-in-2022-4371971.html

Thuy, N. (2020, October 2). Vietnam draws US$8.5 billion into industrial parks and economic zones in 9 months. Retrieved from Hanoi Times: http://hanoitimes.vn/vietnam-draws-us85-billion-into-industrial-parks-and-economic-zones-in-9-months-314382.html

Tien, D. (2017, December 15). MPS of Vietnam and MSS of China promote cooperation. Retrieved from Ministry of Public Security of Socialist Republic of Vietnam: http://en.bocongan.gov.vn/international-relations-cooperation/mps-of-vietnam-and-mss-of-china-promote-cooperation-t4391.html

Ting, J. C. (2016, December 2). Red carpet for Chinese investors. Retrieved from Phnom Penh Post: https://www.phnompenhpost.com/business/red-carpet-chinese-investors

Tomacruz, S. (2021, July 12). Del Rosario bares Chinese ‘brag’ about influencing Duterte election. Retrieved from Rappler: https://www.rappler.com/nation/del-rosario-china-bragged-influence-over-philippines-2016-election/

Tomiyama, A. (2018, September 3). Vietnam's economic zones derailed by anti-China protests. Retrieved from Nikkei Asia: https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/Vietnam-s-economic-zones-derailed-by-anti-China-protests

Tran, B. T. (2020, August 29). Evolution of the Communist Party of Vietnam’s Control Over the Military. Retrieved from The Diplomat: https://thediplomat.com/2020/08/evolution-of-the-communist-party-of-vietnams-control-over-the-military/

Turton, S., & Meta, K. (2020, September 15). Chinese resort developer in Cambodia hit with US sanctions. Retrieved from Nikkei Asia: https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/US-China-tensions/Chinese-resort-developer-in-Cambodia-hit-with-US-sanctions

Verver, M. (2019). "Old" and "New" Chinese Business in Cambodia's Capital. Singapore: ISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute.

Verver, M., & Dahles, H. (2014). The Institutionalisation of Oknha: Cambodian Entrepreneurship at the Interface of Business and Politics. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 45(1), 48-70.

Verver, M., & Dahles, H. (2015). The Institutionalisation of Oknha: Cambodian Entrepreneurship at the Interface of Business and Politics. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 45(1), 48-70.

Vietnam Investment Review. (2018, April 7). Geleximco unswayed by investors' refusal to hand over thermal power plants. Retrieved from Vietnam Investment Review: https://vir.com.vn/geleximco-unswayed-by-investors-refusal-to-hand-over-thermal-power-plants-58060.html

Vietnam Investment Review. (2020, August 15). Former Deputy Transport Minister Nguyen Hong Truong prosecuted. Retrieved from Vietnam Investment Review: https://vir.com.vn/former-deputy-transport-minister-nguyen-hong-truong-prosecuted-78559.html

VietnamPlus. (2016, February 4). Duyen Hai 1 thermal power plant connects to national grid. Retrieved from VietnamPlus: https://en.vietnamplus.vn/duyen-hai-1-thermal-power-plant-connects-to-national-grid/88630.vnp

VietnamPlus. (2021, June 16). ACV asks to borrow US dollars for Long Thanh airport project. Retrieved from VietnamPlus: https://en.vietnamplus.vn/acv-asks-to-borrow-us-dollars-for-long-thanh-airport-project/203181.vnp

Vireak, T. (2021, July 19). China tops list of investors in H1. Retrieved from Phnom Penh Post: https://www.phnompenhpost.com/business/china-tops-list-investors-h1

Vu, K. (2018, April 3). In rare comment, PetroVietnam says South China Sea tension to hurt offshore operations. Retrieved from Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-southchinasea-petrovietnam-idUSKCN1HA0QO

Vu, V. (2017, August 31). Eyebrows raised after Chinese power plant contractor nominated to build Vietnam's mega-airport. Retrieved from VnExpress: https://e.vnexpress.net/news/news/eyebrows-raised-after-chinese-power-plant-contractor-nominated-to-build-vietnam-s-mega-airport-3635782.html

Vuving, A. L. (2006). Strategy and Evolution of Vietnam’s China Policy: A Changing Mixture of Pathways. Asian Survey, 46(6), 805-824.

Vuving, A. L. (2019). Vietnam in 2018: A Rent-Seeking State on Correction Course. Southeast Asian Affairs 2019, 375-394.

Vuving, A. L., & Do, T. T. (2017). Vietnam Between China and Japan in the Asian Security Complex. In J. Reeves, & J. H. Nankivell, Chinese-Japanese Competition and the East Asian Security Complex: Vying for Influence (pp. 159-177). Routledge.

Vy, H. (2017, August 25). Foreign investors swarm Long Thanh airport project. Retrieved from Vietnam Investment Review: https://vir.com.vn/foreign-investors-swarm-long-thanh-airport-project-51682.html

Vy, H. (2017, December 27). Trial of Dinh La Thang and 21 others to start on January 8. Retrieved from Vietnam Investment Review: https://vir.com.vn/trial-of-dinh-la-thang-and-21-others-to-start-on-january-8-55079.html

Watts, A. (2011, June 2). Vietnam accuses China of sabotage. Retrieved from Sydney Morning Herald: https://www.smh.com.au/world/vietnam-accuses-china-of-sabotage-20110601-1fgec.html

Whalen, J. (2020, August 26). U.S. slaps trade sanctions on more Chinese entities, this time for South China Sea island building. Retrieved from Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2020/08/26/china-entity-list-islands/

Wiegand, K. E., & Beuck, E. (2020). Strategic Selection: Philippine Arbitration in the South China Sea Dispute. Asian Security, 16(2), 141-156.

Xinhua. (2018, January 22). Former Vietnamese Politburo member sentenced 13 years in prison. Retrieved from Xinhuanet: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-01/22/c_136914711.htm

Yoshihara, T., & Bianchi, J. (2020). Uncovering China’s Influence In Europe: How Friendship Groups Co-opt European Elites. Washington D.C.: Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.

凯迪电力. (2011, December 26). 武汉凯迪电力股份有限公司第七届董事会第十次会议决议公告. Retrieved from Sina Finance: https://finance.sina.com.cn/stock/t/20111226/001811058933.shtml

吳書嫺. (2018). 中國「一帶一路」倡議的在地影響:以越南永新電力中心計畫為例. 問題與研究, 57(4).
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國際研究英語碩士學位學程(IMPIS)
106862019
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106862019
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
201901.pdf990KbAdobe PDF13View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing