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＂New Life Movement＂ and the Rule of Law in the Vision of Modern State-building
|Keywords:||新生活運動 ;現代國家建設 ;德治 ;法治 ;道德的法律強制 |
New Life Movement ;modern state-building ;rule of virtue ;rule of law ;legal enforcement of morality
|Issue Date:||2022-04-11 11:09:18 (UTC+8)|
The New Life Movement launched by the Kuomintang government and its goal of achieving the rule of law both aimed at building a modern in China. The nature of the New Life Movement was to rule by virtue with the goal of nurturing the people and building the state. The Outline of the New Life Movement, leaders of KMT, and the public opinion of the time all considered, in theory, or expect that the New Life Movement would lay a moral foundation for the rule of law thereby the law could be implemented effectively. Through legal enforcement of morality, the law played an important part in promoting the New Life Movement. However, the legal enforcement of the New Life Movement ignored the vital interests and practical needs of the people, blurred the boundaries between the public domain and the private domain, and caused unnecessary interference with the lives of the people. The goal of militarization and uniformity that the New Life Movement tried to achieve had degraded the rule of virtue into a governance by ＂discipline＂, and made it was difficult to lay the proper moral foundation for the rule of law. As a result, the complementary relationship between the New Life Movement and the rule of law that people had expected was not demonstrated in practice. The unfinished project of the New Life Movement was later presented in different periods of history and regions of China. Nevertheless, it helped to shed light on the relationship between the rule of law and the rule of virtue in the modern state-building.
|Relation:||國立政治大學歷史學報, 55, 127-168|
|DOI 連結:||https://doi.org/ 10.30383/TJH.202105_(55).0003|
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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