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Title: The Impact of Labor Market Work and Educational Tracking on Student Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Taiwan
Authors: 廖仁哲
Liao , Jen-Che
Contributors: 經濟系
Keywords: Early employment;Educational achievement;Educational tracking;Endogeneity;Selection
Date: 2020-08
Issue Date: 2022-04-11 13:24:29 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This study empirically investigates how working while enrolled in high school affects educational outcomes, while accounting for self-selected educational tracking. Using a longitudinal survey of Taiwanese youth and exploiting the inter-zip-code geographic variations in youth-preferred industries, we find a negative effect of school-year work on educational achievement, and the negative marginal impact is much stronger for academic-track than for vocational-track students. An exogenous increase in school-year hours worked of 10 hours per week lowers college entrance scores by a 0.117 (0.083) standard deviation for academic-track (vocational-track) students. The negative impact of school-year work tends to be overstated if the endogeneity arising from educational tracking is not acknowledged—with upward biases as large as 16% and 30% for academic- and vocational-track students, respectively. Among subjects, math scores suffer most from working during the school year.
Relation: Economics of Education Review, Vol.77, pp.101955
Data Type: article
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