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Title: No Man's Borderland: Revisiting Ha Tien on the Eighteenth-Century Water Frontier
Authors: 雷恩‧侯洛伊德
Holroyd, Ryan
Contributors: 歷史系
Keywords: Ha Tien;Mo Tianci;Water Frontier;Nguyen state;borderland
Date: 2020-10
Issue Date: 2022-04-14 15:30:10 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This article is a re-examination of the history of the eighteenth-century state of Ha Tien on what is now the southern coast of Vietnam. It argues that past studies of Ha Tien have attempted to fit it into a narrative of state consolidation in Southeast Asia that characterises it as a borderland destined to be absorbed into the nineteenth-century Nguyen dynastic state. The present article will attempt to show that Ha Tien actually expanded its territory and developed its civil and military capabilities in parallel with its larger neighbours, making it a power centre in its own right by the middle of the century. This process made it fundamentally different from other settlements founded by Chinese immigrants in what is now southern Vietnam at roughly the same time. By the 1760s, it had expanded to the point where it was both a serious diplomatic and military player in the region that had the resources to defend its own independence and to compete with its larger neighbours. The destruction of the Ha Tien's state in the 1770s occurred shortly after the collapse of dynasties in both Siam and the Nguyen domain in central Vietnam, but its fall was not directly caused by the resulting turmoil or by the establishment of new and more powerful states in either Siam or Vietnam. Instead, the reasons for Ha Tien's demise can much more readily be found in the decisions made by its ruler Mo Tianci, who does not seem to have had a knack for picking the right enemies.
Relation: 季風亞洲研究, Vol.11, pp.1-32
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[歷史學系] 期刊論文

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