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Title: The Curious Double-Life of Putuoshan as Monastic Centre and Commercial Emporium, 1684-1728
Authors: 雷恩‧侯洛伊德
Holroyd, Ryan
Contributors: 歷史系
Keywords: maritime trade;Qing dynasty;Putuoshan;Buddhist history
Date: 2021-03
Issue Date: 2022-04-14 15:30:48 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This article investigates how the island of Putuoshan simultaneously acted as a Buddhist monastic centre and a maritime shipping hub from the Qing dynasty's legalisation of overseas trade in 1684 until the 1720s. It argues that because overseas trade during the Kangxi era was inconsistently regulated, a mutually beneficial relationship developed between Putuoshan's Buddhist monasteries, the merchants who sailed between China and Japan, and the regional naval commanders on Zhoushan. Instead of forcing merchant vessels to enter ports with customs offices, the naval commanders allowed merchants to use Putuoshan's harbour, which lay beyond the empire's trade administration system. The monasteries enjoyed the patronage of the merchants, and so rewarded the naval commanders by publicly honouring them. However, a reorganisation of the empire's customs system in the mid-1720s shifted the power over trade to Zhejiang's governor general, who brought an end to Putuoshan's special status outside the administration around 1728.
Relation: 人文及社會科學集刊, Vol.33, No.1, pp.113-140
Data Type: article
DOI 連結:
Appears in Collections:[歷史學系] 期刊論文

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