Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/140002


Title: 社企下的女性賦權:以緬甸乾旱區為例
Women's Empowerment through Social Entrepreneurship: the Case of Dry Zone in Myanmar
Authors: 裴方嵐
Perekrestova, Vlada
Contributors: 劉曉鵬
Liu, Hsiao Pong
裴方嵐
Perekrestova, Vlada
Keywords: 賦予婦女權力
發展中國家
社會企業家精神
緬甸
Women’s empowerment
Developing countries
Social entrepreneurship
Myanmar studies
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2022-05-02 15:05:19 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 過去幾十年來,人們對全球不平等現象有了普遍的認識。2015年實施的可持續發展目標就是證明。性別平等是實現2030年可持續發展議程的一個重要因素,該議程希望建立一個普遍尊重人權和人類尊嚴的世界,"每個婦女和每個女孩都能實現性別平等,並消除賦予她們權力的所有法律、社會和經濟障礙"(聯合國,2018)。這篇研究論文重點關注減少性別不平等的目標之一,即:婦女賦權。
更具體地說,我將在發展中國家的背景下,以社會轉型為目標來看待它。研究表明,在緬甸的環境中,社會企業可以作為賦予婦女權力的有效模式,幫助實現經濟獨立,通過資產建設克服貧困,並改善家庭和促進社區的福祉。我將嘗試界定可能出現的挑戰,同時強調這種方法的效果。我將根據在緬甸幹旱地區進行的一項案例研究進行分析,從而具體說明社會企業家精神及其集體行動、積極參與和地方倡議的潛力,同時會討論婦女面對的挑戰和局限。在討論17個主要挑戰時,我將在嚴格的背景介紹下,為國際發展領域的各種行為者帶來可利用的實際貢獻,以幫助他們理解婦女賦權的概念,組織社會企業和規劃其項目。我亦提出了一條關於男性在這一概念中的地位的理論思考,以促進整個社會的發展。
Gender equality is critical for the achievement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aspires to a world where universally respected human rights, human dignity and “equality of gender [are] a reality for every woman and every girl and where all the legal, social and economic obstacles to their empowerment have been lifted” (UN, 2015). The 2030 Agenda affirms gender equality as a necessary foundation of a peaceful, prosperous, and sustainable world. This research thesis focuses on one of the flagship goals of reducing gender inequalities: women's empowerment.
More specifically, I will look at it in the context of developing countries and with a view to social transformation. The study suggests that in the environment of Myanmar, social enterprises can be used as an efficient model for the empowerment of women, helping achieve economic independence, overcoming poverty through asset building, and improving the well-being of families and communities. I will try to define what are the challenges that can arise while highlighting the effects of such an approach. I will base my analysis on a case study carried out in the Dry Zone of Myanmar, thus illustrating concretely the potential but also the challenges and limitations of social entrepreneurship and its collective action, active participation, and local initiatives. Discussing major challenges of social entrepreneurship in Myanmar, I will bring an exploitable practical contribution, under the guise of a rigorous contextualization, by the various actors in the field of international development to help them in their understanding of the concept of women’s empowerment and the organizing of social enterprises and planning of their programs. I also propose a line of theoretical reflection on the place of men within this concept to promote the development of the whole of society.
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Official Documents

Asian Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Population Fund, United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, Gender equality and women’s rights in Myanmar: A situation analysis, 2016.
Asian Labor Update. Work, Rights, and Discrimination against Burmese Workers in Thailand, 2004
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Description: 博士
國立政治大學
亞太研究英語博士學位學程(IDAS)
104265513
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104265513
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS)] 學位論文

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