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Title: 運用引力模型比較轉軌國家之制度環境:以中國與俄羅斯的貿易便利性為例
An Institutional-Environment Contrast to Transitional Countries based on Gravity Model:China versus Russia
Authors: 鄭安廷
Cheng, An-Ting
Keywords: 中國;俄羅斯;轉軌國家;制度環境;貿易便利;引力模型
Institutional environment;Transition economy;Global trade;Gravity mode
Date: 2014-01
Issue Date: 2022-05-18 16:08:19 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 在資本主義全球化的運作體系下,貿易便利性對一個經濟體的發展優勢而言具有決定性的影響,而制度性因素對貿易便利又產生直接的效果。對於計畫經濟導向的轉軌國家,探索制度性變數與貿易行為的關聯性,在經濟轉型的領域是一個關鍵性的議題。 本研究從貿易便利性角度檢視制度性的變數與貿易量成長的關係,採用WEF推出的「全球貿易便利指數」(Enabling Trade Index, ETI)用以衡諸眾多制度性因素來提供研究分析基礎。 本研究建構了「引力模型」的分析模式,作為審視經濟體是否在貿易量的發展上受到制度環境因素的影響,據以理解不同國家雙邊貿易競爭優勢之所在。透過中國與俄羅斯兩國的進出口貿易量的統計,以引力模型比較了制度變數與進出口貿易的影響程度,探索在不同向度的制度性變數的表現上,中國與俄羅斯兩國之對外雙邊貿易的差異影響。
Since 1980's, as a result of global economic shift, transition economies have been forced to undertake a series of economic reforms including economic liberalization, privatization and marketization. As the tendency of internationalization and regional integration is reinforced, global trade has been an issue strongly emphasized in a nation’s development strategy. Accordingly, while economic globalization is widely acknowledged, the connection between international economic system and institutional environment within a state is therefore exposed. This article takes China and Russia as research cases since both of them are countries from centralized government planned economies to capitalist market economy. Through a comparative study of Chinese and Russian institutional environments and analysis from gravity model, it illustrates the relationship between institutions and trade competitiveness.
Relation: 靜宜人文社會學報, 8(1), 525-574
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 期刊論文

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