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Title: Apparent Subject-object inversion in Chinese
Authors: 何萬順
Date: 2009
Issue Date: 2008-09-19 15:27:58 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the problem of argument-function mismatch
observed in the (apparent) subject-object inversion in Chinese consumption
verbs, e.g., chi ‘eat’ and he ‘drink’, and accommodation verbs, e.g., zhu ‘live’
and shui ‘sleep’. These verbs seem to allow the linking of <agent-SUBJ theme-
OBJ> as well as <agent-OBJ theme-SUBJ>, but only when the agent is also the
semantic role denoting the measure or extent of the action. The account offered
is formulated within LFG’s lexical mapping theory. Under the simplest and also
the strictest interpretation of the argument-function mapping principle (or the θ-
Criterion), a composite role such as ag-ext receives syntactic assignment via one
composing role only; the second composing role must be suppressed. Apparent
subject-object inversion occurs when in the competition between the two
composing roles, ag-ext, the agent loses out and is suppressed. This account also
facilitates a natural explanation of markedness among the competing syntactic
Relation: Linguistics
Data Type: article
DOI 連結:
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